Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Media freedom still far from being assured
On January 31st, Reporters Without Borders published a survey on the situation of media and the assessment of media freedom in the country, since last year's earthquake.
Haïti s'apprête à faire mémoire, ce 12 janvier 2011, autour de ces "35 secondes" qui ont dévasté Port-au-Prince et ses environs il y a un an, et provoqué la mort de près de 300 000 personnes. Aujourd'hui, la reconstruction tient encore du souhait - ou de la prière - qui contraste avec la mobilisation de la communauté internationale au moment de la catastrophe et la présence massive des ONG.
Projeté à la date anniversaire sur le site de Radio France internationale (RFI) avec le soutien de Reporters sans frontières, le web-documentaire "Goudou Goudou, les voix …
Haiti will tomorrow mark the first anniversary of the "35 seconds" that devastated Port-au-Prince and surrounding areas and caused some 300,000 deaths.
Reporters Without Borders and the Canadian media group Quebecor are in the process of installing an emergency centre of operations for Haitian journalists in the Port-au-Prince neighbourhood of Canapé-Vert. Located on Cheriez Street, the centre will have communications equipment provided by Quebecor. A second equipment convoy is due to arrive today from the Dominican Republic.
The centre's priority aim is to provide journalists who have not been able to work since the earthquake with essential means of communication.
Work is slowly resuming at Radio Métropole," one of its young reporters, Gaby Saget, told us. "Most of the staff were not hurt in the earthquake but they have been affected like the rest of the population," said Saget, winner of the 2009 RFI-OIF-Reporters Without Borders Francophone prize.