Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Most read reports
- IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice
- Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
- Earthquakes to Floods: A Scoping Review of Health-related Disaster Research in Low- and Middle-income Countries
- Haiti: Revised Humanitarian Response Plan (January - December 2018)
- First-class surgery for all in Tabarre hospital
One year since the earthquake that devastated Haiti, the government and people of Haiti continue to experience a multitude of hardships. Massive displacement, a devastated infrastructure and the recent outbreak of cholera have all spurred the international humanitarian community into action.
Elizabeth Ferris, Co-Director, Brookings-Bern Project on Internal Displacement The Brookings Institution
This presentation was conducted at the Center for Human Rights and International Justice at Boston College in Chestnut Hill, MA.
Haiti, Natural Disasters, Human Rights, Internal Displacement
Elizabeth Ferris, Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy
National Council of Churches' Working Group on Haiti
September 09, 2010 - In a presentation to the National Council of Churches' working group on Haiti, Elizabeth Ferris outlines why the recovery and reconstruction efforts since the January 2010 earthquake have been disapointing, and points out what needs to be done to improve the situation moving forward.
Thanks for the opportunity to be with you today to talk about your efforts to support recovery and …
JULY 12, 2010 - It's now been six months since the devastating Haitian earthquake which left more than 200,000 people dead, more than a million homeless and a massive reconstruction task ahead. While others are assessing the relief effort and planning long-term recovery programs, in this short article we would like to comment on one particular aspect of response to the Haitian earthquake which has received little attention in the media and which bridges the immediate relief and long-term reconstruction efforts: the question of temporary shelter and permanent housing.
Haiti, Internal Displacement, Natural Disasters, Migration
Walter Kälin, Representative of the UN Secretary-General on the Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons and Co-director, Brookings-Bern Project on Internal Displacement
March 08, 2010 -
The tragic earthquake in Haiti has shown us the immense forces of nature to which mankind is exposed. The international community reacted swiftly and comprehensively to this crisis. I was-and still am-particularly impressed by the response of the people of Haiti and its solidarity with the victims of the disaster.