Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Cette traduction a été coordonnée par Oxfam Canada et financée par les membres suivants du Policy Action Group on Emergency Response (PAGER Canada): World Vision Canada; Plan Canada; Oxfam Quebec; Development and Peace; CARE Canada; Canadian Red Cross; Save the Children Canada; Christian Children's Fund of Canada; Mennonite Central Committee of Canada and Adventist Development and Relief Agency of Canada.
Pour de plus amples informations, veullez contacter: Mia Vukojevic email@example.com
The Sphere Handbook "Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response" is now available in Haitian Creole.
This translation has been coordinated by Oxfam Canada and funded by the following members of the Policy Action Group on Emergency Response (PAGER Canada): World Vision Canada, Plan Canada, Oxfam Quebec, Development and Peace, CARE Canada, Canadian Red Cross, Save the Children Canada, Christian Children's Fund of Canada, Mennonite Central Committee of Canada and Adventist Development and Relief Agency of Canada.
The Sphere Handbook in Haitian …
Following the work of an initial Quality and Accountability Support Team, teams of specialists in HAP and Sphere have been deployed to Haiti for 6 months to work with agencies and other initiatives working towards improved accountability of the humanitarian response to the January 12th 2010 Earthquake in Haiti.
On 12 January 2010, an earthquake measuring 7.0 magnitude on the Richter scale struck Haiti,17 Km southwest of Port-au-Prince. Three million people have been affected, of whom the Government estimates 1.9 million have lost their homes.
The emergency phase of humanitarian relief operations will last for many months to come, and challenges to the international humanitarian response remain significant, which include logistics, communication and coordination among the large number of humanitarian organizations (around 1,000) now on the ground.