Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Malteser International invests $12 million in aid, stays until 2017
Port-au-Prince/Miami, Jan. 9. Five years after the earthquake that devastated Haiti, relief efforts focusing on sustainability and long-term development are starting to show promising results, reports humanitarian aid organization Malteser International.
Reconstruction of six earthquake-resistant schools
October 7th was a very special day for 1,155 Haitian school children aged 3 to 12. More than three years after the earthquake destroyed their schools, they can now have classes in six newly built schools – this time, without fear, as the buildings are earthquake-resistant.
Malteser International experiences financial gap between transition and development aid
In Haiti, a country where cholera threatens hundreds of thousands, there's a special reason to celebrate World Water Day this year: "Haiti's water quality has, by and large, increased", reports Jelena Kaifenheim, Haiti project coordinator for Malteser International, the relief service of the Order of Malta for worldwide humanitarian aid. This result has been confirmed by the Haitian water authority, which has conducted weekly analyses of water samples since January.
Clean drinking water and sanitary facilities are the most important weapons …
On 12 January 2010, Haiti was struck by a 60-second earthquake. A few seconds cost thousands of people their lives and livelihoods, destroyed buildings, streets and dreams, and took away the land and the hopes of many. - A year on from the disaster, the consequences are still clear for all to see. Yet, in view of the scale of the situation, there is real evidence of progress being made in the reconstruction and rehabilitation work.
Le 12 janvier 2010, la terre a tremblé pendant 60 secondes en Haïti. Ces quelques secondes ont coûté d'innombrables vies et existences humaines, mais aussi détruit bâtiments, rues, rêves, privant les habitants de leur terre et, pour la plupart, de tout espoir. Au total, 230.000 morts, environ 300.000 blessés, plus d'un million de sans-abri et une infrastructire complètement détruite. Le triste bilan d'une des catastrophes naturelles les plus graves du 21ème siècle.
Pour un instant, le monde entier a semblé retenir son souffle.
On 12 January 2010, Haiti was struck by a 60-second earthquake. A few seconds cost thousands of people their lives and livelihoods, destroyed buildings, streets and dreams, and took away the land and the hopes of many. Over 230,000 fatalities, around 300,000 injured, more than one million homeless, and totally destroyed infrastructure: in short, one of the worst natural disasters of the 21st century.
The whole world seemed to hold its breath for a moment. The unspeakable suffering that befell the people of Haiti triggered a wave of solidarity and sympathy around the world.
Cologne. Malteser International, the relief service of the Order of Malta for worldwide humanitarian aid, is working in the sectors of health, WASH (water, sanitation, hygiene) as well as social programmes and disaster risk reduction in six project locations in Haiti. The fruitful interplay of foreign know-how and local self-help capacities can be illustrated by Malteser International's comprehensive health project in Darbonne, a city that was close to the epicentre of the earthquake on 12 January 2010.
Malteser International, the relief service of the Order of Malta for worldwide humanitarian aid, is working in the sectors of health, WASH (water, sanitation, hygiene) as well as social programmes and disaster risk reduction in six project locations in Haiti. The fruitful interplay of foreign know-how and local self-help capacities can be illustrated by Malteser International's comprehensive health project in Darbonne, a city that was close to the epicentre of the earthquake on 12 January 2010.
"Even now, three months after the quake the daily survival still is a matter of priority for many Haitians," explains Beate Maass, Haiti project coordinator of Malteser International, the relief service of the Order of Malta for worldwide humanitarian aid. "After a period of relative stability, the security situation - unfortunately - has again changed for the worse.
Porte-au-Prince/ Léogâne/Cologne. "Even one month after the devastating quake, the situation here still is far away from going back to normal", reports Beate Maass, humanitarian coordinator of Malteser International, the relief service of the Order of Malta for worldwide humanitarian aid, from Léogâne. In the neighbouring town of Darbonne far more than thousand people are still without medical care.
II. Malteser International activities
0n 29 January 2010, Malteser International took over the health post in Léogâne from their Argentinean partners; they had already been working together in the camp for about one week. The currently 11-strong team, consisting of medical doctors, nurses, a midwife and a paramedic, provides basic medical assistance in the camp and the surrounding areas.
Leogane/ Port-au-Prince/Cologne. 14 days after the devastating earthquake Malteser International has started to concentrate its activities on general medical care in addition to first aid assistance at the health post in Leogane. Malteser International humanitarian coordinator Beate Maass explains that the construction and extension of the medical infrastructure is still the priority.
I. Overall Situation
By now the Haitian Government estimates the death toll from the devastating earthquake on 12 January at 150,000 deaths. 194,000 persons have been injured; up to one million people are without shelter in all effected areas.
The distribution of assistance continues in Port-au-Prince and other affected areas such as Jacmel, Carrefour, Leogane and Petit Goave. Tents, food, health (post-operative care and epidemiological surveillance), sanitation and hygiene are the priorities for assistance.
Dr. Georg Nothelle returns to Germany, the next team leaves for Haiti
Leogane/Port-au-Prince/Cologne. "The assistance provided by Malteser International, the relief service of the Order of Malta for worldwide humanitarian aid, is on the increase.
I. Overall Situation
A strong aftershock, measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale struck Haiti on Wednesday 20 January centered 26 miles (42 km) west-northwest of Jacmel. The tremor rattled already shattered buildings but there were no immediate reports of damage or deaths. All Malteser International team members are fine.
Water is available at many water points throughout Port-au-Prince but quality remains an issue. Tens of thousands of people still do not have access to shelter. The Haitian government is identifying sites for temporary settlements.
Port-au-Prince/Cologne. "Due to poor hygienic conditions, even simple wounds after first treatment can become dangerous for the patient. We are facing high infection rates for wounds that have already received basic treatment and therefore we will reinforce our assistance in this field", Prof. Dr.
Port-au-Prince/Cologne. Since yesterday evening, the nine-strong Malteser International team in Port-au-Prince has been reinforced: Coming from Santo Domingo, the emergency relief coordinator Beate Maass finally arrived in Port-au-Prince. Following a handover of responsibilities from Dr. Georg Nothelle, Maass will now coordinate all of Malteser International's relief activities in the crisis region for the next three months. Thus, Malteser International is already preparing to offer long-term assistance.
Port-au-Prince/Cologne. Prof. Dr. Klaus Runggaldier reports from the crisis region: „Yesterday we could successfully operate on a ten year old girl that had not been injured so much.
I. Overall Situation
The strongest earthquake in Haiti in more than 200 years, measuring 7.0 on the Richter scale, rocked the impoverished Caribbean nation on 12 January at 4.53 p.m. (local time). The earthquake struck Ouest Province (population 2.2 million), with the epicentre some 17 km south-west of Haiti's capital, Port-au-Prince. The nearby cities of Carrefour and Jacmel, as well as other areas to the west and south of Port-au-Prince, were also affected. Powerful aftershocks shook a desperately poor country where many buildings are flimsy.