Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Tilory, 18 July 2017 - Many Haitians have been forced to migrate both internally and to neighboring Dominican Republic due to natural disasters such as the 2010 earthquake or severe poverty. This migration often has lead to serious human rights violations, such as the abuse of laborers, sexual and gender-based violence, the abuse of children, and human trafficking. Haitian children are particularly vulnerable, often being trafficked and forced to serve as domestic servants, agricultural workers, or street vendors.
Bogota, Rome, Washington, DC, Port-au-Prince, le 14 janvier 2013. Trois ans après le tremblement de terre qui a frappé Haïti le 12 janvier 2010, quelque 400.000 personnes déplacées continuent à vivre en grande précarité et sans protection, dans les camps situés dans et aux alentours de la capitale du pays, Port-au-Prince.
Bogotá, Rome, Washington DC, Port-au-Prince, 14 January 2013 – Three years after the 12-January earthquake that struck Haiti, approximately 400,000 displaced people continue to live in vulnerable situations and without protection in camps in the capital, Port-au-Prince, and the surrounding areas. The Jesuit Refugee Service expresses great concern, because the rights and appropriate guarantees for protection of displaced persons, as defined in the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, continue to be ignored.
27 September 2012 – Decisions by a number of governments on the American continent to resume or intensify the deportation of forced Haitian migrants risks making them even more vulnerable than they currently are. After the earthquake on 12 January 2010, various Latin American announced the suspension of deportations of Haitians on humanitarian grounds. Some governments respected this moratorium; while others violated it.
27 de septiembre de 2012 - Las decisiones de algunos gobiernos del continente americano de reanudar o intensificar la deportación de migrantes forzosos haitianos les amenaza con hacerlos aún más vulnerables de lo que actualmente son. Después del terremoto del 12 de enero de 2010, varios países de América Latina dieron una moratoria a las deportaciones de los haitianos y haitianas por razones humanitarias. Algunos gobiernos respetaron la moratoria, mientras que otros la violaron.
27 septembre 2012 – Des décisions prises par plusieurs gouvernements sur le continent américain pour reprendre ou intensifier la déportation de migrants de force haïtiens risquent de les rendre encore plus vulnérables qu'ils ne le sont actuellement. Après le tremblement de terre du 12 janvier 2010, divers gouvernements latino-américains ont annoncé la suspension de la déportation d'Haïtiens, pour raisons humanitaires. Quelques gouvernements ont respecté cette suspension tandis que d'autres l'ont violée.
Bogotá, 7 May 2012 – More than 350 Haitians, stranded for three months in the rural Brazilian border province of Tabatinga, began arriving in Manaus, the capital of Amazonia.
Their arrival marked the end of their journey from Haiti to Brazil, having passed through Bolivia, Chile, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador and Peru, among other South American countries. The arrival in Manaus also marked the end of a long and painful wait of more than three months in a secluded province in the heart of Amazonia.
Thiotte, le 19 avril 2012 – Grâce à un partenariat entre le Service Jésuite des Réfugiés des Etats-Unis et la paroisse du Sacré-Cœur, les élèves de trois communautés implantées dans et autour de la petite ville de Thiotte, située dans les montagnes, ont pu bénéficier de nouvelles écoles.
Thiotte, 19 April 2012 – Students in three communities in and around this small town of Thiotte in the mountains of Haiti have been able to move into new schools because of a partnership between Jesuit Refugee Service USA and the Sacred Heart Parish.
JRS USA has contributed US$135,000 for the construction of the three new schools, and is providing a stipend for teachers of US$5,000 to each school for two years. In additional, JRS USA provided US$25,500 for 560 desks at the three schools.
Los Cacaos, 02 February 2012 — Two years after an earthquake struck Haiti, Los Cacaos has demonstrated what happens when neighbours work together to solve a problem.
Catholic nuns based across the Artibonite river in San Francisco of Banica Parish in the Dominican Republic organised the project in consultation with community leaders. Jesuit Refugee Service USA provided 113,000 US dollars to fund the project, and members of the community supplied the labour to build roads, construct cisterns and lay miles of plastic pipe and tubing.
Bogotá, 30 August 2011 – The impact of the January-2010 earthquake, cholera epidemics, subhuman living conditions in camps for displaced persons and disillusionment with the failure to stabilise the country are some of the many reasons why Haitians are fleeing in substantial numbers.
Yet as nearby states tighten their borders, hundreds of Haitians have found themselves stranded in Tabatinga, a small Brazilian city of 50,000 inhabitants bordering Colombia and Peru.
Port-au-Prince, 09 June 2011 – At least 23 people have died due to strong downpours which fell principally in the Ouest Department, where Port-au-Prince is located, according to a report by the Haitian authorities.
Port-au-Prince, 20 May 2010 – Nearly a week after the inauguration of the newly elected president, Joseph Michel Martelly, Haitians displaced by the 2010-earthquake are receiving an increasing number of threats from landowners to leave their camps.
Ten days ago, more than 150 families living in Palais de l'Art camp, in a suburb of the capital, Port-au-Prince, found themselves imprisoned. That morning when a group of displaced persons tried to leave, they realised the gate to the street was locked. In a desperate attempt to climb the wall, some were injured.
Pedernales, Dominican Republic, 04 May 2011 — Outside this small town on the southern coast, Jesuit Refugee Service is supporting an education project of the Altagracia Parish in the Diocese of Barahona.
Two migrant-worker villages in the area are home to Haitians and Dominican-born people of Haitian descent. Following the January 2010 earthquake in Haiti the area witnessed an influx of Haitians displaced by the natural disaster.
Haitian children at increased risk of traffickers since earthquake last year, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
It is presumed that high percentages of these street children are in fact victims of trafficking.
Santo Domingo, 24 January 2011 - A large number of Haitian street children in the Dominican capital are not, as previously presumed, displaced victims of last year's earthquake, but rather victims of child trafficking.
According to the preliminary findings of a report by the Jesuit Refugee Service in the Dominican Republic, many children brought to the country are forced …
Port-au-Prince, 12 January 2011 - One year after the earthquake which devastated the country, Haitians are still suffering, not only because of the grief caused by the loss of their friends and family, but also because of their deplorable socio-economic conditions and the acute political crisis facing the country.
Commemorating the first anniversary of the earthquake which led to the death of approximately 300,000 people, JRS urged national and international actors to undertake a joint evaluation of their actions to see what lessons can be drawn to help build a better future for …
REFUGEE NEWS BRIEFINGS
1. Australia: outsourcing asylum not the solution
2. Europe: protection must have priority in EU relations with Libya, JRS says
3. Haiti: situation still critical
4. International: UN head calls for new responsibility-sharing deal
UPDATES ON JRS PROJECTS AND ACTIVITIES
5. Chad: Darfuri refugee children to attend secondary school
6. Zimbabwe: food aid helps children stay in school
7. Belgium: JRS receives prize for work in Syria
8. Italy: Writing Doesn't go into Exile award presentation
1. Sudan: peace through education
Washington DC, 30 August 2010 - JRS has urged the governments of Sudan and Southern Sudan to commit themselves to a non-violent resolution of their differences, regardless of the outcome of the referendum on independence in January 2012. Moreover, JRS has called on the international community to sustain its support for the peace agreement.
Although much remains to be done, peace has made possible the beginnings of an improvement in education, health, and sanitation.
Twice monthly news bulletin from the Jesuit Refugee Service International Office
SOME ITEMS IN THIS ISSUE
REFUGEE NEWS BRIEFINGS
1. Sudan: education sector not ready for emergencies
2. Burundi: unrest continues in the capital
3. South Africa: Bishops Conference calls for renewed vigour in the face of xenophobia
4. South Africa: World Cup shines a spotlight on refugees and migrants
5. Australia: asylum focus should be on protection, not punishment
6. Italy: human rights organisations call for end the policy of forced returns
Caracas, 22 June - Little has changed since 12 January, the day the earthquake claimed the lives of approximately 220,000 people, two percent of the population, and made more than one million homeless.
According to JRS Latin America and Caribbean, if anything, the daily life of Haitians has deteriorated. Hopes for a brighter future have been coloured by uncertainty, scepticism and a lack of government action.
Despite the announcement of the national relocation plan for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in camps, there is no clear strategy for the future.