Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
The L.I.F.E. Concept was born out of CJOS COE‟s participation to the U.S. Navy relief efforts following the earthquake in Haiti reinforced with experience in humanitarian operations in Somalia and Sudan. This operation clearly underlined the pressing requirement for better mechanisms and processes to improve the coordination between the military and humanitarian entities working together to assist victims of natural or industrial disasters during Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) operations.
NATO AIR BASE GEILENKIRCHEN, GERMANY - Today, at 1400hrs a NATO Trainer Cargo Aircraft (TCA) left Geilenkirchen Air Base with a humanitarian relief camp module from the Danish Emergency Management Agency (DEMA).
Un avion de transport et d'entraînement de l'OTAN a quitté la base aérienne de Geilenkirchen le mercredi 27 janvier 2010 pour se rendre en Haïti, o=F9 il doit livrer un camp de secours humanitaire du Danemark. Ce camp sera monté en Haïti, et il accueillera une centaine de travailleurs humanitaires venus du Danemark, de Norvège, de Suède, de Finlande et d'Estonie. Il comprend des lits, des chaises, une cuisine, des unités d'épuration de l'eau et des toilettes.
Le 18 janvier 2010, la capacité de transport aérien stratégique (SAC) a effectué une mission d'aide humanitaire en Haïti pour acheminer des trousses de premiers soins et des biens de première nécessité, afin d'aider ce pays, dont la capitale, Port-au-Prince, a été dévastée par un violent séisme.
Il s'agissait du premier vol humanitaire de la flotte opérationnelle de la SAC, l'unité de transport lourd (HAW) stationnée à la base aérienne de Pápa (Hongrie).