Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Statement from the Chair
Plan entered the 2010 financial year with cautious optimism, having weathered the worst of the financial crisis. I am very happy to report that the measures we have since put in place, and the continuing efforts and commitment of our fundraising teams, programme advisors and highly dedicated staff, have all contributed to a 14 per cent rise in income to over €534 million.
Los fondos se destinan a programas de ayuda de emergencia, desarrollo agrícola, seguridad alimentaria y educación en Africa, Asia, América Latina y Europa del Este Cáritas.
From January to the end of September 2010, CERF has allocated over $372 million, more than the historical annual average of $355 million. During the third quarter of 2010, CERF allocated $90 million. Given funding levels of previous years, CERF disbursements for 2010 will likely pass the $400 million mark by the end of the year.
The second round of underfunded allocations for 2010 has been completed.
Pakistan has been hit by the worst floods in decades with over 20 million affected-people in the country, outnumbering those of the 2004 Tsunami or of this year earthquake in Haiti. In the North West as well as in the South of the country, the torrential rains have wrecked entire villages, swallowed up by rivers in spate that have turned into wrenching torrents sweeping away houses, crops and livestock.
Elisabeth Byrs of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) highlighted that, three months after the Haiti earthquake, the appeal for Haiti continued to stagnate and remained at 50 per cent following an initial inflow of funds. They still lacked $751 million for Haiti, where the United Nations had nevertheless made some significant progress, feeding over 3.5 million persons, distributing potable water to 1.3 million each day, providing 1 million with emergency shelter and distributing hygiene kits to 510,000, among others.