Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Vladimir Platonow, special reporter from Agência Brasil Edited by: Marcos Chaga / Nira Foster
Camila Maciel and William Douglas report from Agência Brasil
Edited by: Denise Griesinger / Augusto Queiroz
Brésil – L’OIM présente, aujourd’hui, les résultats préliminaires de son étude sur la migration des Haïtiens vers le Brésil, lors d’une rencontre de haut niveau entre les deux pays.
Lors de cette réunion de cinq jours, qui a débuté le 2 septembre à Port-au-Prince, la capitale haïtienne, des responsables brésiliens et haïtiens de haut niveau débattront du nombre croissant de migrants haïtiens se rendant au Brésil, suite au séisme dévastateur de janvier 2010.
27 September 2012 – Decisions by a number of governments on the American continent to resume or intensify the deportation of forced Haitian migrants risks making them even more vulnerable than they currently are. After the earthquake on 12 January 2010, various Latin American announced the suspension of deportations of Haitians on humanitarian grounds. Some governments respected this moratorium; while others violated it.
Bogotá, 7 May 2012 – More than 350 Haitians, stranded for three months in the rural Brazilian border province of Tabatinga, began arriving in Manaus, the capital of Amazonia.
Their arrival marked the end of their journey from Haiti to Brazil, having passed through Bolivia, Chile, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador and Peru, among other South American countries. The arrival in Manaus also marked the end of a long and painful wait of more than three months in a secluded province in the heart of Amazonia.
BRASIL: El gobierno asignó US$40 millones en asistencia para los afectados por las inundaciones.
COLOMBIA: Con más de 1.2 millones de afectados, tres departamentos del pacifico están en alerta por lluvias.
HAITÍ: 520,000 personas aún viven en campamentos. Se requiere de US$232 para asistencia.
BRAZIL: The Government allocated US$40 million to assist people affected by the floods.
COLOMBIA: Over 1.2 million people affected, three departments in the Pacific remain under alert for rains.
HAITÍ: More than 520,000 still living in camps. $232 million is needed for humanitarian assistance.
Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is providing humanitarian aid to Haitian asylum seekers in Tabatinga, a town in the state of Amazonas, Brazil. MSF teams have been monitoring the situation of Haitians in this small town, located at the border between Brazil, Colombia, and Peru, since November. In December, MSF started distributing more than 1,300 personal hygiene kits and other relief items.
BRASILÉIA, Brazil — Of the odyssey that delivered him to this town in the Brazilian Amazon, Wesley Saint-Fleur could muster only a look of exhaustion and bewilderment.
Bogotá, 30 August 2011 – The impact of the January-2010 earthquake, cholera epidemics, subhuman living conditions in camps for displaced persons and disillusionment with the failure to stabilise the country are some of the many reasons why Haitians are fleeing in substantial numbers.
Yet as nearby states tighten their borders, hundreds of Haitians have found themselves stranded in Tabatinga, a small Brazilian city of 50,000 inhabitants bordering Colombia and Peru.
This report covers the period 01 January 2010 to 31 December 2010.
Programme purpose: The Americas zone office is guided by its work with the 35 Red Cross Societies of the Americas in line with Strategy 2020 and the Inter American Plan 2007–2011.
Mar 10, 2011
Financial disaster preparedness is a growing concern in Latin America and the Caribbean. Last year the region saw devastating earthquakes in Chile and Haiti and an active hurricane season that impacted Central America and Mexico.
La previsión financiera ante eventuales desastres es una preocupación creciente en América Latina y el Caribe. El año pasado la región fue testigo de devastadores terremotos en Chile y Haití y una activa temporada de huracanes que afectó a Centroamérica y México.
Nilcimar Fleiman digs with her bare hands for pieces of clothing and family photos at the spot her house stood before it was swallowed up by an avalanche of earth and water.
Fleiman's house simply doesn't exist anymore, nor do dozens of other homes in Floresta, a poor neighborhood of Nova Friburgo city. Her words define the challenge for thousands of families in the Rio de Janeiro mountainous region: "I don't know what will happen from now one.
? BRASIL: más de 14,000 personas directamente afectadas por la lluvias. Hay 635 muertos.
? PERÚ: Unas 2,000 personas afectadas por lluvias, granizadas e inundaciones en lo que va del 2011.
? GUATEMALA: Alerta por actividad en el volcán de fuego. Tres departamentos están en vigilancia
h BRAZIL: More than 14,000 people have been affected by heavy rains. The death toll stands at 635.
h PERU: So far this year, some 2,000 people have been affected by rains, hailstorms and floods.
h GUATEMALA: Yellow alert in three departments due to Volcano de Fuego
- BRAZIL: Heavy rains during the past weeks in Rio de Janeiro state killed at least 251 people.
- HAITI: To date 96 percent of the target population have received some emergency shelter items
- HONDURAS: The World Food Programme has launched two new projects in cooperation with the Government.
- BRAZIL: Heavy rains during the past week in Rio de Janeiro state killed at least 229 people.
- HAITI: To date 90 per cent - around 1.2 million people - have received some form of shelter assistance.
- GUATEMALA: The World Food Programme has appealed for a contribution of US$14 million.