Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
LLUVIAS INTENSAS: Las fuertes lluvias han provocado inundaciones, derrumbes y daños a infraestructura y cosechas en la capital de Bolivia y en varias comunidades del país.
VISITA DEL SECRETARIO GENERAL DE LA ONU: Ban Ki-moon está viajando esta semana a Honduras y El Salvador donde mantendrá reuniones para tratar temas como la migración y la violencia, entre otros.
ANIVERSARIO TERREMOTO: El 12 de enero se conmemora el quinto aniversario del terremoto de magnitud 7.0 que devastó gran parte de Haití.
INTENSE RAINS: Heavy rains have caused flooding and landslides that damaged infrastructure and crops in the capital of Bolivia and in several communities throughout the country.
UN SECRETARY-GENERAL VISIT: Ban Ki-moon is in Honduras and El Salvador this week where to discuss issues of migration and violence, among other topics.
ANNIVERSARY OF EARTHQUAKE: January 12 marks the fifth anniversary of the 7.0 magnitude earthquake that devastated Haiti.
• GUATEMALA: Some 685 people affected by rains in Izabal.
• BOLIVIA: Forest fires have destroyed 900 thousand hectares in Santa Cruz.
• HAITI: 1,500 families moved to new semi-permanent housing
• HONDURAS: Some 350 thousand suffer from chronic malnutrition.
GUATEMALA: Unas 685 personas afectadas por lluvias en Izabal.
BOLIVIA: Los incendios forestales han consumido 900 mil hectáreas en Santa Cruz.
HAITI: 1,500 familias se mudan a nuevas viviendas semi permanentes
HONDURAS: Unos 350 mil menores padecen de desnutrición crónica.
- CENTRAL AMERICA: Heavy rains caused damages and destruction in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Panama.
- SOUTH AMERICA: Deaths and increased number of respiratory infections due to extreme cold weather.
- PERU: Bubonic plague is a matter of concern in the country.
- MEXICO: Hurricane Alex caused 11 deaths in Monterrey.
- BOLIVIA: 42,000 households damaged and 25,000 hectares of damaged crops in El Chaco.
- DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Six people dead and 1,000 houses affected by rains.
- HAITI: Rains affected Leogane and other departments in Haiti.
h ECUADOR: Some 2,340 people have been affected by the rainy season.
h GUATEMALA: Local authorities provide parcels of beans to assist population in Baja Verapaz.
h LAC: Health authorities keep careful tracks of the dengue situation.
h HAITI; Quake survivors will benefit from UN Food for Work projects.
The first trimester of 2010 has been dominated by two major earthquakes with devastating impacts in Haiti and Chile. On 12 January, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.0 on the Richter scale severely hit Haiti and its capital, affecting around 3 million people - one in every three Haitians. Over 220,000 people were killed and an estimated 300,000 people injured.
- HAITI: The Government estimates the death toll at 112,250 deaths and 194,000 injured.
- BOLIVIA: Heavy rains have affected more than 15,700 people.
- PERU: The departments of Cusco and Apurimac have been placed under a state of emergency due to rains.