Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
The 2015 International Annual Report describes how SOS Children’s Villages around the world supported children and strengthened families and communities in 2015 through community-integrated responses in care, education, health and emergency services.
The 573 SOS Children’s Villages around the world in 2015 are described as ‘care and protection hubs’ for their local communities, as they provided a range of locally-tailored services to support vulnerable children.
Réalisations en matière de gestion des risques de désastres depuis 2010
Haïti est considéré comme l’un des pays les plus vulnérables aux catastrophes dans le monde.
Haiti is considered to be one of the countries in the world that is most vulnerable to disasters.
Even before the devastating earthquake in 2010, Haiti’s disaster risk index was one of the highest. This index is increasing, due to the consequences of climate change, environmental degradation and uncontrolled urban development. All disasters significantly weaken the country’s resources, increase the vulnerability of the population and aggravate the impact of future crises.
Snapshot 25–31 March 2015
Ukraine: Fears are growing of a new offensive in Mariupol, as non-government troops appear to be gathering nearby. A recent assessment has found that more than 1.6 million people need humanitarian assistance, nearly 1.1 million of whom are in non-government-controlled areas. 20–30% of IDPs are at risk of losing their status and benefits, due to a new mechanism to verify the addresses of IDPs.
Migration has been and always will be a fact of life; we have to ensure that it is also a safe process that does not negatively impact the health of migrants and host communities. Population mobility influences, guides and supports economic and social development, social stability, and the greater integration of global processes in countries of origin, transit, destination and return. The healthier migrants are, the more efficient and balanced the future of our integrated and globalized world will be.
Today marks five years since Haiti was rocked by a massive earthquake. That disaster – the deadliest in the Caribbean nation’s history – killed an estimated 217,000 people and left 2.1 million people homeless.
In close collaboration with the Government of Haiti, the UN and its humanitarian partners have supported more than 1.3 million people on the road to recovery. Here are five things you need to know about the humanitarian situation in Haiti, five years after the earthquake.
Publié le 18 déc. 2014 - 28 pages
Résumé Haïti, 2014. À la veille de l’échéance fixée pour l’atteinte des objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement (OMD), le pays a progressé mais de grands défis demeurent.
Haiti, 2014. On the eve of the deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the country has made major progress but serious challenges remain.
C(2014) 3129 final
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Council Decision 2013/759/EU of 12 December 2013 regarding transitional EDF management measures from 1 January 2014 until the entry into force of the 11th European Development Fund1 , ('Bridging Facility'), and in particular Article 2 thereof,
This year the DEC has launched an extremely important appeal for Syria, and continued its work in three major responses: East Africa, Pakistan and Haiti, each of which was amongst our very largest appeals.
In East Africa, where a lethal combination of drought, conflict and environmental failure caused the first famine of the 21st century, DEC funded work has reached over 2.3m people. The huge humanitarian effort in the region has been broadly successful but the crisis has highlighted serious issues with the world’s ability to respond to very clear early warnings of disaster.
Syria: Violence is ongoing across the country, with further government bombardments in the southeastern governorates of Damascus and Dara’a. To date, an estimated 2.5 million people have crossed into neighbouring countries, while 6.5 million are now internally displaced. In a separate development, the UN Security Council adopted a non-binding resolution to boost humanitarian access to Syria as increasing security incidents at the Turkish border threaten to compromise access to the north of the country.
In Syria, violence is ongoing with government bombardments on Aleppo and infighting between rival rebel factions in Deir-ez-Zor and Al-Hasakeh. Between 07-11 February, a temporary ceasefire in the city of Homs allowed for the evacuation of over 1,200 people and the entry of humanitarian convoys into the Old City for the first time in two years. To date, at least 242,000 people are trapped in besieged areas across the country. Meanwhile, the second round of the Geneva II peace talks began, with expectations regarding aid deliveries and the release of prisoners.
Snapshot 28 January – 04 February
Over the last two decades, Haiti has been affected by a series of political crises and devastating natural disasters. Due to its geographical location, the country is subject to severe tropical storms from June through November as well as recurring natural hazards. This protracted relief and recovery operation is therefore designed to support Government efforts to respond to the needs of at-risk and affected populations and facilitate their recovery. Its focus will be on saving lives, rebuilding livelihoods and enhancing resilience to shocks.
The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2014/01000
AMOUNT: EUR 18 500 000
ECHO's Integrated Analysis Framework for 2013-2014 identified high humanitarian needs in Haiti. The vulnerability of the population affected by the crisis is assessed to be very high.
Snapshot 12 – 19 November
Snapshot 08 – 15 October
In Syria, heavy fighting is ongoing in Rural Damascus, Dar’a, Aleppo, Idleb and Homs, with government forces making gains in Rural Damascus while the opposition has won ground in Dar’a. Despite the call of al-Qaeda’s leader for opposition fighters to unite, inter-group fighting has escalated in Aleppo over control for neighbourhoods. Meanwhile, the Syrian National Council announced that it did not intend to participate in the proposed Geneva II peace talks.