Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
When and where have emergency wastewater treatment plants been developed in rapid mass displacement situations and situations of limited space/access?
What models were used, and what were the implications in terms of performance and cost?
BRC generally accepts all the recommendations presented by the evaluators.
Regarding Recommendation 1, and the “establishment of international roster of livelihoods, infrastructure and governance experts to help identify an on-going source of appropriate human resources”, BRC notes that it did have existing registers, but its members were either unavailable or lacked the skillset that the urban context required.
This report focuses on an evaluation of Income Generating Activities (IGA) that accompanied rental subsidy programs in Haiti between 2013 and 2016. The original objectives were:
Evaluate the impact of supplemental support on the economic situation of house-holds.
Evaluate different livelihoods approaches from a quality/cost/effectiveness point of view in order to improve program performance based on lessons learned and ac-countability.
The World Bank and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) and their partners, the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), UN-Habitat, and Habitat for Humanity International, joined forces in 2013 to analyze what was learned from the 2010 Haiti earthquake shelter response and housing recovery experience. This report is the outcome of that process.
1-. RÉSUMÉ ANALYTIQUE
1.1-. Aperçu de l’intervention
The International Organization for Migration, in collaboration with the National Statistics Office of Haiti, conducted a census of areas and populations affected by the 2010 earthquake. Insufficiently precise GPS and out-dated reference imagery were inadequate to the task of clarifying land tenure status. IOM therefore conducted drone flights to obtain the high-resolution imagery essential to the preparation of assessments in Haiti’s densely populated slums.
IOM considers the use of mapping drones a helpful tool to plan shelter units and to monitor the evolution of camps. As a result, IOM has been using drones since 2012 for this purpose. An initial drone flight in Port-au-Prince in February 2012 provided figures on seven camps for persons displaced by the 2010 earthquake. The imagery was used to delimit the extent of the camps, and then to count and uniquely identify the tents within each camp. These data could then be linked to IDP data stored in the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM).
Béatrice Boyer, assistée d'Estelle Collinet Sous la direction de François Grünewald
Villes et crises : la résilience au croisement des vulnérabilités et des potentialités
Jean-Bernard Véron1 et Olivier Ray2
What GAO Found
As of September 30, 2014, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) had allocated $1.7 billion to the Haiti reconstruction effort, directing more than half of this funding to the health and food security sectors. USAID had obligated two-thirds and disbursed more than half of all allocated funding.
Key achievements toward Strategic Objectives
• From January to December 2014, 45,088 IDPs (14,193 families) were relocated from IDP camps to neighborhoods thanks to rental subsidy programs. 163 IDP sites were closed as a result.
• As of December 2014, there was a 53% reduction in the number of cholera cases compared to the same period last year.
• 53% of nutritional coverage provided in areas most affected by severe acute malnutrition.
This report is provided in response to the “Assessing Progress in Haiti Act of 2014” (P.L. 113-162) (“the Act”), which directs the Secretary of State to submit to Congress no later than December 31, 2014, and annually thereafter through December 31, 2017, a report on the status of post-earthquake recovery and development efforts in Haiti. The requested report, prepared by the Department of State in cooperation with other U.S.
Haïti cinq ans après le séisme dévastateur : la reconstruction a bien progressé mais des défis demeurent
The Listen and Learn project, a joint DARA/Keystone initiative funded by the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation, aimed to improve the accountability of aid efforts in Haiti and provide a model for greater beneficiary accountability in relief and recovery programming.
On 12 January 2010, a massive earthquake hit Haiti’s capital Port-au-Prince, killing 220,000 people, injuring 300,000 and severely damaging great swaths of the city. While enormous challenges remain as the country continues its recovery, Oxfam is committed to helping Haitians and their government to build a stronger, more resilient nation.
A message from Haiti
In 2008, on my first visit to Haiti for hurricane relief work, I remember traveling from the airport to the Save the Children office and seeing the narrow roads, the congestion, the development challenges, and the houses perched perilously on the hillsides. I said to myself “I hope there is never a major earthquake.” I could never have known that I’d be back as Country Director in 2014, nearly five years after that unthinkable event actually happened.
The earthquake that struck Haiti in January 2010 was one of the biggest natural disasters in recent history, resulting in over 1.5 million internally displaced people, unprecedented human losses and material damage.
This report spans the Red Cross Red Crescent operations from January 2010 to November 2014, marking five years of emergency and recovery operations.
Remembering the Tsunami: A Decade of Strengthening Humanitarian Response
Ten years ago, the global community faced what was one of the biggest tests of humanitarianism in recent history.
On Dec. 26, 2004, an earthquake rumbled off the coast of Indonesia, triggering a series of devastating tsunamis that struck 14 countries across the Indian Ocean. At least 228,000 people lost their lives and millions more were left homeless.
The earthquake that struck Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on 12 January 2010 led to the loss of more than 220,000 lives, over 310,000 injuries and extensive damage to buildings and infrastructure. Taking the British Red Cross recovery programme as a case study, this report presents a series of lessons on good practice in urban livelihoods recovery. The report, developed in partnership with Groupe URD, is a shortened version of an internal study of assessment, decision-making and management within the livelihoods component of the programme.