Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
ÉVOLUTION DE LA CRISE
EN UN COUP D’ŒIL
THE HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLAN AT A GLANCE
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 1
Strengthen affected people’s resilience through timely life-saving assistance, improved access to basic services and immediate livelihood restoration.
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 2
Ensure a rapid and effective response to cholera outbreaks and other waterborne diseases
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 3
OVERVIEW OF THE CRISIS
Total affected population: 10 million
Total affected children (under 18): 4.3 million
Total people to be reached in 2016: 778,000 (35 per cent adults)
Total children to be reached in 2016: 506,220
2016 programme targets
- 800 unaccompanied and separated children benefitted from family tracing and reintegration follow up
The humanitarian situation in Haiti has improved since the devastating earthquake of 2010, thanks to the resilience of the people of Haiti and the generosity of the international community. As we come to the five year mark, however, there are signs that we may be facing deterioration in conditions due to the confluence of several trends.
UNICEF is requesting US$22 million to meet the humanitarian needs of children and women in Haiti in 2015.
| Overview |
Working environment The intensification of several humanitarian crises in Africa and in the Middle East is keeping global resettlement needs high. Thanks to the generosity of countries such as the United States and Canada, which have large resettlement programmes, many vulnerable refugees are able to find a solution to their plight.
The Humanitarian Compendium provides a comprehensive overview of IOM humanitarian projects for 2014 in coordination with other humanitarian partners and agencies.
Durant ces trois dernières années, des progrès considérables ont été accomplis en réponse au tremblement de terre dévastateur de 2010, aux inondations et au choléra.
Significant progress has been made to respond to the devastating 2010 earthquake, floods and cholera.
IOM Appeals for US$ 303 Million for 2013 Humanitarian Projects
In order to implement various humanitarian emergency projects, some of which were initiated in 2012, IOM is appealing to donors for US$ 303 million for humanitarian projects in 2013.
IOM is the global lead agency for Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) cluster in natural disasters. It is also the lead agency for the Shelter cluster in a half dozen countries, as well as a key actor in other clusters.
Humanitarian action in Haiti over the last three years has helped improve the lives of over 1.5 million Haitians. Almost three years after the devastating earthquake in 2010 that cost the lives of 217,300 people and left 2.1 million homeless, humanitarian action has accomplished significant tangible results. From 2010 to 2012, humanitarian actors ensured adequate services to the 1.5 million displaced after the earthquake and helped return or relocate 77% of these people out of camps.
Pendant les six premiers mois de 2012, les acteurs humanitaires ont continué à répondre aux besoins humanitaires non couverts, en travaillant avec leurs contreparties nationales dans les différents secteurs et à appuyer des actions ciblées de préparation et de réponse aux urgences. L’action des partenaires internationaux s’insère dans un système national de planification et de réponse aux urgences qui se développe graduellement.
APPEAL #: 6762 (For Phase II of work)
Appeal Amount for Phase II - $2,171,229
Funding to Date (carry-over from Phase I + additional funds received) - $1,757,728
Balance of Funding Required - $413,501
JULY 20, 2012
- Résumé Exécutif
Depuis le tremblement de terre de janvier 2010, le contexte en Haïti a évolué. Bien que des défis significatifs resten—déplacés vivant dans les camps, la continuation de l’épidémie de choléra et la croissante insécurité alimentaire—des progrès significatifs ont été accomplis dans les différents secteurs de la réponse humanitaire ainsi que face à l’épidémie de choléra.
Appeal Target: US$ 27,175,768
Balance requested: US$ 3,551,901
Humanitarian country teams in each crisis with a consolidated appeal (or comparable concerted action plan) have completed their mid-year reviews, compiling information on outputs to date compared to the targets stated in their plans for 2011, analyzing key humanitarian indicators and trends, re-calibrating their strategies and re-validating the detailed operational plans and funding requests. This document summarizes trends, innovations, and (in the second part) each country’s mid-year review.
- RESUME EXECUTIF
A travers le CAP 2011, les agences humanitaires prévoyaient que $913 083 705 dollars américains1 seraient nécessaires pour financer la réponse humanitaire en Haïti.
Jusqu’à présent, le CAP 2011 a été financé à hauteur de 22 %, soit 200 millions de dollars.