Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
National Statement delivered by Ambassador Carl Skau on behalf of Sweden at the United Nations Security Council Debate on the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), 12 October 2017, New York.
I associate myself with the statement that will be made by the European Union later this morning.
12 octobre 2017 – La mission de maintien de la paix des Nations Unies en Haïti, connue sous le nom de MINUSTAH, fermera le 15 octobre 2017, remplacée par un petit groupe de policiers et de civils qui aideront le gouvernement à renforcer l’Etat de droit et la sécurité dans ce pays des Caraïbes.
Le départ de plus de 2.300 soldats de la paix a été approuvé par le Conseil de sécurité qui a décidé en avril que la mission devait changer à mesure que la situation politique du pays évoluait.
12 October 2017 – The United Nations peacekeeping mission in Haiti, known as MINUSTAH, will close on 15 October 2017, replaced with a smaller group of police and civilian officers who will help the Government to strengthen rule of law and security in the Caribbean country.
The departure of the more than 2,300 peacekeepers was approved by the Security Council, which decided in April that the mission needs to change as the country’s political situation has changed.
Le contexte humanitaire en Haïti est marqué par le maintien de la tendance à la baisse du choléra. Pour la période allant de janvier à août 2017, 9 531 cas suspects ont été enregistrés dans le pays, soit une baisse de 66 % en comparaison à la même période en 2016. De l’autre côté, la communauté humanitaire continue d’observer la situation binationale entre Haïti et la République Dominicaine. Entre juillet 2015 et aout 2017, 222 102 haïtiens sont retournés en Haïti (déportation et retour volontaire), de ce nombre, 5 488 ont été déportés au cours du mois d’août 2017.
The humanitarian context in Haiti is marked by the continued downward trend of cholera. For the period of January to August 2017, 9,531 suspected cases have been registered in the country, a decrease of 66% compared to the same period in 2016. On the other hand, the humanitarian community continues to observe the binational situation between Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Between July 2015 and August 2017, 222,102 Haitians returned to Haiti (deportation and voluntary return), of which 5,488 were deported during the month of August 2017.
Le contexte humanitaire en Haïti est marqué par la poursuite de l’augmentation des cas de déportation des haïtiens depuis la République dominicaine. Au cours du mois de juillet 2017, 6 776 personnes ont été officiellement déporté soit une augmentation de 48% par rapport au mois précédent (juin 2017). Parallèlement, 37,967 déplacés internes sont encore hébergés dans 27 camps suite au tremblement de terre de janvier 2010. Le manque de financement handicape encore la conclusion des programmes de relocation.
The humanitarian context in Haiti is marked by the continued increase in the number of cases of deportation of Haitians from the Dominican Republic. In July 2017, 6,776 people were officially deported, an increase of 48% from the previous month (June 2017). At the same time, 37,967 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are still lodged in 27 camps following the January 2010 earthquake. Lack of funding still hampers the conclusion of the relocations programs.
The present report is submitted pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolution 2016/28 and highlights the main findings of the Ad Hoc Advisory Group on Haiti following its visits to Washington, D.C., in March 2017, during which members met with the international financial institutions and regional actors, and to Haiti, in May 2017, during which members interacted with a number of senior government and legislative officials, representatives of the United Nations system and private sector and civil society actors.
Now in its 10th year, the Emergency Response Fund Scheme (ERFS) was established to promote early action and reduce loss of life in a sudden humanitarian crisis. Irish Aid has just allocated €2.7 million to six humanitarian partners under the Scheme for 2017: Concern Worldwide, Trócaire, Christian Aid Ireland, Plan International Ireland, World Vision Ireland and Oxfam Ireland.
How does the Fund work?
The scheme is particularly geared towards the initial weeks after the onset of an emergency and targets those in immediate need.
-Le Plan de Réponse Humanitaire 2017-2018 vise à sauver des vies tout en renforçant la résilience de la population et des institutions nationales face aux crises et aux catastrophes naturelles, et en ouvrant la voie vers le développement durable
The Humanitarian Response Plan 2017-2018 aims to save lives while strengthening the resilience of the population and national institutions in the face of crises and natural disasters, and by paving the way towards sustainable development
HUMANITARIAN NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
THE HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLAN AT A GLANCE
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 1
Strengthen affected people’s resilience through timely life-saving assistance, improved access to basic services and immediate livelihood restoration.
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 2
Ensure a rapid and effective response to cholera outbreaks and other waterborne diseases
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 3
Port-au-Prince, 13 January 2017 – Seven years after a devastating earthquake killed more than 200,000 people and displaced some 2 million others, the Haiti Red Cross Society is still hard at work supporting the survivors and building more resilient communities.
The 12 January 2010 earthquake was one of the biggest disasters in the country’s history. In the days following the tragedy, thousands of lives were saved by Haiti Red Cross volunteers and staff with the support of International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement partners.
L’année 2016 a été la troisième année consécutive de sécheresse en Haïti, aggravée par l’influence du phénomène El Niño. Ces conditions prolongées, avec les pertes de récoltes importantes qui en découlent, ont plongé de nombreux ménages ruraux du pays dans l’insécurité alimentaire.
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural disasters in the region.