Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
The United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) team is part of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the international emergency response system for sudden-onset emergencies. UNDAC was created in 1993. It is designed to help the United Nations and governments of disaster-affected countries during the first phase of a sudden-onset emergency. UNDAC, as a tool of OCHA, also assists in the coordination of incoming international relief at national level and/or at the site of the emergency.
By Denis McClean
KUALA LUMPUR, 12 February 2018 - Just five months after the September earthquakes which completely destroyed 60,000 homes, more than 30,000 have been rebuilt by affected families provided with cash and technical assistance from the Mexican authorities.
In a first for Mexico, the authorities restored hope to affected communities across seven states, by issuing a total of 170,000 debit cards which allowed each family to draw up to US$8,000 to rebuild or repair their homes, in the first such experiment by the Mexican government.
(MissionNewswire) On Friday, Jan. 12, 2018, exactly eight years after the devastating earthquake that struck Haiti in 2010, Salesian missionaries held Catholic Mass and a ceremony at the Salesian-run National School of Arts and Crafts (ENAM) in Port-au-Prince. The ceremony, presided by Father Morachel Bonhomme, vicar of the vice province of Haiti, drew a large number of Salesian missionaries, post-novices, aspirants, pre-novices, staff and teachers from ENAM and the Little Schools of Father Bohnen (OPEPB).
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of emergencies in the region.
The materials contained in this supplementary document complement those found in the existing IRP Guidance Note on Recovery – Health. The discussions and case studies contained herein portray an expanded and oftentimes fresh perspective on many of the issues found in the original guidance note on several new and emerging issues for which there exist best practices and lessons learned.
Port-au-Prince- jeudi 11 janvier 2018- Le Gouvernement Haïtien et la communauté humanitaire ont lancé aujourd´hui un appel de fonds de 252,2 millions de dollars en vue de répondre aux besoins humanitaires urgents de 2,2 millions de personnes à travers le Plan de Réponse Humanitaire révisé 2017-2018 (phase 2018.
ÉVOLUTION DE LA CRISE
EN UN COUP D’ŒIL
(MissionNewswire) Salesian missionaries with the National School of Arts and Crafts (ENAM) have partnered with Les Cereales d’Haiti, S.A., a mid-sized organization in the grain industry in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, to develop a 10-month training course for young bakers. This partnership brings the first vocational training school for bakers to Haiti and will allow participants to acquire skills needed for their future employment.
Javier E. Báez, Alan Fuchs, Carlos Rodríguez-Castelán
1. Executive Summary
The region has made impressive strides in the struggle against poverty and income inequality The Latin America and Caribbean region has achieved remarkable economic and social progress over the last decade, gradually shifting toward middle-income status.
In September 2017, Haiti witnessed the passage of Hurricane Irma and Maria. Even though the impacts of the hurricanes were less than expected, they still reminded the humanitarian community of the vulnerability of Haiti to natural disasters. The IPC report for the period of October 2017 to February 2018 revealed that about 1.32 million people are facing severe acute food insecurity. The Department of Nord-Est, one of the departments most affected by hurricanes Irma and Maria, was classified in crisis phase.
After years of being shielded from deportation from the United States while their country recovers from a devastating 2010 earthquake, tens of thousands of Haitians will lose that security status.
"It was assessed overall that the extraordinary but temporary conditions that served as the basis of Haiti's most recent designation has sufficiently improved such that they no longer prevent nationals of Haiti from returning safely," a senior Trump administration official said during a briefing.
Le contexte humanitaire en Haïti est marqué par le maintien de la tendance à la baisse du choléra. Pour la période allant de janvier à août 2017, 9 531 cas suspects ont été enregistrés dans le pays, soit une baisse de 66 % en comparaison à la même période en 2016. De l’autre côté, la communauté humanitaire continue d’observer la situation binationale entre Haïti et la République Dominicaine. Entre juillet 2015 et aout 2017, 222 102 haïtiens sont retournés en Haïti (déportation et retour volontaire), de ce nombre, 5 488 ont été déportés au cours du mois d’août 2017.
The humanitarian context in Haiti is marked by the continued downward trend of cholera. For the period of January to August 2017, 9,531 suspected cases have been registered in the country, a decrease of 66% compared to the same period in 2016. On the other hand, the humanitarian community continues to observe the binational situation between Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Between July 2015 and August 2017, 222,102 Haitians returned to Haiti (deportation and voluntary return), of which 5,488 were deported during the month of August 2017.
More than 7 years later, 3% of the population displaced by the earthquake still lives in camps. Meet these men, women and children at the MODSOL camp in Léogane located on the outskirts of Port-au-Prince.
Seven years after the terrible earthquake that struck Haiti on 12 January 2010, the efforts of the Haitian Government and the international community helped to relocate 301,142 displaced persons (89,739 households) .
En ce moment, Haiti connait une nouvelle saison cyclonique, les dernières fortes précipitations ont inondés les canaux d’évacuation d’eau et une partie du terrain, laissant, dans le camp Tabarre ISA, des eaux stagnantes qui mélangées aux déchets offrent un environnement idéal à la prolifération de moustiques et aux maladies vectorielles que celles-ci véhiculent. C’est en faisant le suivi régulier de la situation humanitaire des camps, que les équipes CMO de l’OIM ont identifié les risques encourus par ces populations déplacées.
Haiti is experiencing a new hurricane season, and recent heavy rains have flooded low land areas, overfilled the water drainage channels and left stagnant water throughout the camp Tabarre ISA, making it an ideal environment for the spread of mosquitoes and vector-borne diseases. By regularly monitoring the humanitarian situation in the displacement camps, the IOM CMO teams identifies the risks faced by the displaced populations.
Le contexte humanitaire en Haïti est marqué par la poursuite de l’augmentation des cas de déportation des haïtiens depuis la République dominicaine. Au cours du mois de juillet 2017, 6 776 personnes ont été officiellement déporté soit une augmentation de 48% par rapport au mois précédent (juin 2017). Parallèlement, 37,967 déplacés internes sont encore hébergés dans 27 camps suite au tremblement de terre de janvier 2010. Le manque de financement handicape encore la conclusion des programmes de relocation.