Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Programme summary: Since the January 2010 earthquake, when 1.5 million Haitians were displaced from their homes, there has been a 94 percent decrease in the number of internally displaced persons and a 93 per cent reduction in the number of sites or camps still housing displaced populations.
About this study
Persons with disabilities often experience discrimination and exclusion, despite the adoption of an increasingly rights-based approach to humanitarian assistance. The past three decades have witnessed a growing awareness of disability issues and the emergence and spread of disabled people’s organisations.
The growing awareness must be accompanied by practical measures to identify and reduce the barriers faced by persons with disabilities in an emergency situation.
This report examines the effectiveness of national legal and regulatory frameworks with regard to emergency and transitional shelter following natural disasters in Haiti. It provides an overview of the relevant laws, policies and procedures that have a bearing on different aspects of emergency and transitional shelter response. It identifies potential regulatory barriers to emergency and transitional response efforts, as well as a range of positive developments and initiatives that can enhance the effectiveness of shelter activities.
The IFRC and the Dominican Republic Red Cross Society have launched a new report on the laws, rules and procedures in the Dominican Republic for managing international assistance in the event of a future disaster.
By Luis Luna
Port-au-Prince, 12 Janvier 2015 – Cinq ans après le tremblement de terre tragique qui a tué plus de 200 000 personnes et qui a laisse plus de 2 millions de personnes sans toit, la Fédération internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge (FICR) a clôturé l’appel international lancé pour le du tremblement de terre.
Port-au-Prince, Geneva 12 January 2015 – Five years on from the tragic earthquake that killed over 200,000 people and left more than 2 million homeless, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has closed its Haiti earthquake appeal.
In the wake of the devastating earthquake, the IFRC raised 1.2 billion Swiss francs to meet the emergency and recovery needs of Haitian families who survived the catastrophe. Five years later, 85.3 per cent of the income has been spent on relief, recovery and long-term operations in Haiti.
Gennike Mayers, FICR
The earthquake that struck Haiti in January 2010 was one of the biggest natural disasters in recent history, resulting in over 1.5 million internally displaced people, unprecedented human losses and material damage.
This report spans the Red Cross Red Crescent operations from January 2010 to November 2014, marking five years of emergency and recovery operations.