Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Spanning a total of 5 long, yet paradoxically brief, though painful and arduous years of traversing this fragile and often times broken road towards recovery, this tattered road, despite its cracks and holes, is still in tact with many a travelers still walking upon it. After being struck by the massive earthquake 5 years ago, Haiti and its supporters have continuously shown that despite setbacks and challenges, the will to stand is yet still strong. From individuals to communities, from non-profit humanitarian groups to foreign governments, support for Haiti continues.
This report carries out a rigorous literature review around four key areas:
Is education seen as a ‘high priority’ amongst emergency affected populations?
To what extent is schooling disrupted by different types of emergencies? And how are different groups affected?
What are the economic and human costs of emergencies on education? And what are returns to investment in education in emergencies?
What is the nature of funding for education in emergencies?
The report finds that:
Earlier this month, when Haiti’s automated blood testing equipment stopped working, the Haitian Red Cross called on its northern neighbors to fill the gap in its nation’s blood supply. Thanks to the generosity of blood donors in the United States, Haiti received four shipments of much-needed blood to address the shortage.
February 20, 2015 / 64(06);137-140
J. Wysler Domercant, MD1, Florence D. Guillaume, MD2, Barbara J. Marston, MD1,3, David W. Lowrance, MD1, Haiti Health Systems Recovery Team, Ministry of Health, Republic of Haiti (Author affiliations at end of text)
The FENAD brick-making factory became self-sustaining two years after its initial financing in 2012
FENAD generates up to US$3,200 per month in profit; it has purchased its own land and provides jobs for roughly 100 persons
It sells quality materials and provides construction-related advisory services to its community
LES POINTS MARQUANTS
L’usine de fabrication de briques FENAD est devenue autonome en 2 ans après un financement initial en 2012
FENAD réalise jusqu’à 3200 dollars de bénéfices par mois, a acheté son propre terrain et fournit du travail à une centaine de personnes
Elle vend des matériaux de qualité et fournit des services de conseil en construction à sa communauté
On January 12, 2010, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake devastated the Haitian capital city of Port-au-Prince, leveling buildings and overwhelming the health systems in place. Five years later, on January 29, health leaders from civil society and local organizations met with Haitian government officials and congressional staff for a day of information-sharing and reflection on the gains in health infrastructure made since the earthquake.
Cinq ans après le tremblement de terre qui a ravagé le pays, Haïti a fait des progrès importants bien que d’immenses défis demeurent. En dépit de la fragilité politique et structurelle, les progrès sociaux et économiques sont indéniables.
On January 12, 2010, Haiti was struck by a violent earthquake that left some 200,000 people dead, 300,000 injured and 2.3 million homeless. Five years on, Doctors of the World (Médecins du Monde/MdM) – present in Haiti since 1989 – remains mobilized and, among other activities, is fighting alongside the Haitian people to end the cholera epidemic that continues to ravage the country.
The abject failure to sustainably rehouse tens of thousands of people who lost everything in the devastating 2010 earthquake must be a top priority for the new Prime Minister of Haiti, Evans Paul, said Amnesty International in an open letter sent to the politician today.
More than 79,000 people are still living in makeshift camps in deplorable conditions, meanwhile violent forced evictions continue.
La nécessité de reloger durablement des dizaines de milliers de personnes ayant tout perdu dans le tremblement de terre de 2010 doit être la priorité du nouveau Premier ministre haïtien Evans Paul, écrit Amnesty International dans la lettre ouverte qu’elle lui a adressée lundi 2 février 2015.
Plus de 79 000 personnes vivent toujours dans des camps de fortune, dans des conditions déplorables, tandis que les expulsions forcées se poursuivent avec violence.
Tôt dans la matinée du 24 janvier 2015, la mission du Conseil de Sécurité de l’ONU a visité les réalisations du projet 16/6 dans deux quartiers ravagés suite au séisme du 12 janvier: Nerettes et Morne Hercule.
La mission a constaté que la vie reprend peu à peu dans ces quartiers où même la circulation était impossible après la catastrophe. La résilience de la population a eu raison de la catastrophe et de ses conséquences annoncées. Dans son rapport, la mission a salué la détermination et le courage du peuple haïtien.
Since 2008, the Buddhist Tzu Chi Foundation has committed its resources and manpower to helping the people of Haiti through projects and applications parallel with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the United Nations set in the year 2000. Although projects began in 2008, aid efforts were increased in 2010 in the wake of the Haitian earthquake of that year. Because of the devastation and damage caused by the earthquake in 2010, relief and aid efforts extended beyond short-term emergency aid to mid to long term projects, which in turn effectuated all 8 of the United Nations’ MDGs.
Romanian police officers learning Romany, the sorting of hazardous household waste in Bulgaria, the implementation of basic health care and home care, support for vocational training: these are just some of the ways Switzerland's contribution to the enlarged EU is being put into effect in Romania and Bulgaria. The CHF 257 million allocated by Switzerland to these two countries is enabling 28 projects to go ahead. Proposed by Bulgaria and Romania, the projects have been considered carefully by Switzerland and should be completed by the end of 2019.
UNICEF is requesting US$22 million to meet the humanitarian needs of children and women in Haiti in 2015.
Haiti must live without humanitarian aid in the long term
Le 12 janvier 2010, un tremblement de terre dévastateur frappait Haïti. Plus de 200 000 personnes ont perdu la vie et 1 500 000 ont été déplacées lors de ce séisme d’une magnitude de 7,0 qui a également détruit 300 000 bâtiments.
Yvette Lapaix et ses voisins de la commune de Carrefour ont dû reconstruire leur vie suite au tremblement de terre dévastateur qui a frappé Haïti en 2010. Ils se sont rassemblés au sein d'associations villageoises d'épargne et de crédit créées par CARE. Ces groupements participent à la relance économique du pays et créent une nouvelle cohésion sociale.
« Lorsque des gens qui ne se connaissent pas se rassemblent et travaillent ensemble dans un but commun, ils apprennent à se faire confiance. Ils deviennent une communauté », témoigne Yvette.