Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
1-. RÉSUMÉ ANALYTIQUE
1.1-. Aperçu de l’intervention
HUMANITARIAN NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
(MissionNewswire) In 2015, more than 230 graduates of Salesian professional training schools in Fort-Liberté, Cap-Haitien, Cays and Port-au-Prince, Haiti received tool kits after successful completion of training programs thanks to a recent partnership between Salesian Missions and A Self-Help Assistance Program (ASAP). ASAP has helped thousands of families improve their own lives by providing skills, knowledge and tool kits to students in need.
Suite au séisme du 12 Janvier 2010 qui a dévasté Port au Prince, occasionnant plus de 200 000 morts et des dégâts matériels considérables, les évaluations effectuées par les acteurs de la reconstruction de l’aménagement urbain, de la réduction des risques, et de la préparation aux désastres, ont mis en évidence la nécessité pour l’État Haïtien de mettre en place une Méthodologie Nationale qui servirait de Standard pour la prise en compte de la réduction des risques dans l’aménagement urbain.
After the heavy rains of October and November, a resurgence of the epidemic was noted particularly in the departments of Artibonite, North, Northwest, the metropolitan area of Port-auPrince and South-East;
Some people returned from the Dominican Republic are affected by a wave of acute diarrhea and cases of cholera;
Almost 61,000 displaced from the earthquake still live in extremely difficult conditions.
Access to drinking water infrastructure, sanitation and hygiene are their main concern;
Après les fortes pluies d’octobre et novembre, une recrudescence de l’épidémie a été constatée particulièrement dans les départements de l’Artibonite, du Nord, du Nord-ouest, de la région métropolitaine de Port-au-Prince et du Sud-est ;
Les personnes retournées de la République Dominicaine sont affectées par une vague de diarrhée aiguë incluant des cas de choléra ;
Port-au-Prince, 19 November 2015 – UN-Habitat this week held the first of a series of charrettes – an intensive collaborative planning session involving citizens and other stakeholders – to discuss the current situation and the future vision for the suburb of Cannan.
Located on the outskirts of Port-au-Prince, Cannan experienced a surge in its population following the 2010 earthquake. The neighbourhood, which developed informally without sufficient infrastructure, now hosts a population of 200,000.
Programme summary: Since the January 2010 earthquake, when 1.5 million Haitians were displaced from their homes, there has been a 94 percent decrease in the number of internally displaced persons and a 93 per cent reduction in the number of sites or camps still housing displaced populations.
P-au-P, 22 oct. 2015 [AlterPresse] --- La Koperativ Ayisyen pou lojman Altènativ/Kayla (la Coopérative haïtienne pour le logement alternatif) déplore l’absence de la problématique de logement dans la campagne électorale, notamment celle des candidats à la présidence, qui prend fin ce vendredi 23 octobre 2015.
About this study
October 19, 2015, Rachel Pott in Innovations in Humanitarian Aid
We are in the midst of the largest international refugee crisis on record.
The first World Humanitarian Summit, which will take place in Istanbul, Turkey, in May 2016, will bring together governments, humanitarian organisations, and people affected by humanitarian crises to propose solutions to some of the world’s most pressing challenges. In the months leading up to the Summit, ensuring that children’s voices are heard in these discussions is a key priority for Plan International.
Our oceans, atmosphere and land are intricately connected. When the balance of one changes, it affects the others.
Comme pour donner un signal clair de leur engagement pour la mise en œuvre des Objectifs de développement durable, le Programme des Nations pour le développement (PNUD), des organisations partenaires et les autorités locales ont inauguré dans la section communale de Monchil, trois nouvelles écoles. Il s’agit des écoles de Christ-Roi à Jacmel, de Deslandes et Sainte Marie de Latournelle à Léogâne, toutes trois rasées par le séisme de 2010.
By Serena Manickam
Oct. 10, 2015
AKRON, Pa. – As thousands of Haitians and Dominicans of Haitian descent face deportation from the Dominican Republic, Mennonite Central Committee (MCC) is offering humanitarian assistance and calling on people to pray and advocate on the behalf of those affected.
7530th Meeting (AM)
Haiti’s success in conducting the first round of long-awaited legislative elections, reforming its criminal code and maintaining a generally stable security environment was evidence of “a new order” that was paving the way for the United Nations to rethink the size and strength of its future presence on the island nation, agreed speakers in the Security Council today.
The humanitarian situation in Haiti has improved since the devastating earthquake of 2010, thanks to the resilience of the people of Haiti and the generosity of the international community. As we come to the five year mark, however, there are signs that we may be facing deterioration in conditions due to the confluence of several trends.