Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Réalisations en matière de gestion des risques de désastres depuis 2010
Haïti est considéré comme l’un des pays les plus vulnérables aux catastrophes dans le monde.
Haiti is considered to be one of the countries in the world that is most vulnerable to disasters.
Even before the devastating earthquake in 2010, Haiti’s disaster risk index was one of the highest. This index is increasing, due to the consequences of climate change, environmental degradation and uncontrolled urban development. All disasters significantly weaken the country’s resources, increase the vulnerability of the population and aggravate the impact of future crises.
Romanian police officers learning Romany, the sorting of hazardous household waste in Bulgaria, the implementation of basic health care and home care, support for vocational training: these are just some of the ways Switzerland's contribution to the enlarged EU is being put into effect in Romania and Bulgaria. The CHF 257 million allocated by Switzerland to these two countries is enabling 28 projects to go ahead. Proposed by Bulgaria and Romania, the projects have been considered carefully by Switzerland and should be completed by the end of 2019.
UNICEF is requesting US$22 million to meet the humanitarian needs of children and women in Haiti in 2015.
Haiti must live without humanitarian aid in the long term
Le 12 janvier 2010, un tremblement de terre dévastateur frappait Haïti. Plus de 200 000 personnes ont perdu la vie et 1 500 000 ont été déplacées lors de ce séisme d’une magnitude de 7,0 qui a également détruit 300 000 bâtiments.
Yvette Lapaix et ses voisins de la commune de Carrefour ont dû reconstruire leur vie suite au tremblement de terre dévastateur qui a frappé Haïti en 2010. Ils se sont rassemblés au sein d'associations villageoises d'épargne et de crédit créées par CARE. Ces groupements participent à la relance économique du pays et créent une nouvelle cohésion sociale.
« Lorsque des gens qui ne se connaissent pas se rassemblent et travaillent ensemble dans un but commun, ils apprennent à se faire confiance. Ils deviennent une communauté », témoigne Yvette.
Five years have passed since a devastating earthquake shook Haiti, affecting approximately 3 million people and killing 220,000, according to government estimates. What is the situation in Haiti now after five years of reconstruction efforts, and what health care services does Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) still provide in the country? MSF’s Haiti Country Director Oliver Schulz discusses:
What is the overall medical and humanitarian situation today, five years after the earthquake?
By Jude Martinez Claircidor, Global Communities Haiti Communications Consultant
After the 2010 earthquake destroyed many neighborhoods and leveled many homes, Global Communities (formerly CHF International) in partnership with Haytrac/Caterpillar implemented a professional training program for unskilled youth, where 160 young people from especially deprived areas of Haiti – including 30 women – trained and worked as apprentices to learn skills in operating heavy machinery.
1.1 HISTORY OF OPEN CITIES AND THE OPEN DATA FOR RESILIENCE INITIATIVE
The World Bank, through its Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), launched the Open Cities Project in November 2012 to create open data ecosystems that will facilitate innovative, data-driven urban planning and disaster risk management in South Asian cities. Open Cities is one component of a broader World Bank and GFDRR program, the Open Data for Resilience Initiative (OpenDRI), further described in box 1.1.
Jude Focette used to earn a living as a truck driver, but that changed four years ago when he suffered a stroke and was no longer able to walk. “I could not move my hand and I could not lift my foot.” He is one of the patients receiving treatment at the Global Therapy Group clinic in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. “Since I came here, they have been working with me, they have given me this device to support my wrist, and now I can actually walk on my own.”
In the initial aftermath of the devastating earthquake that struck Haiti on Jan. 12, 2010, the Salesians were instrumental in emergency response and relief efforts. An integral part of the infrastructure in Haiti prior to the earthquake, they were among the first responders—providing shelter and medical aid; means to securely transport, store and distribute relief supplies and clean drinking water; and, perhaps most importantly, an understanding of how to get things done in Haiti.
Minister Paradis is pleased to once again promote the sharing of Canadian expertise to support development in Haiti.
January 13, 2015 – Québec, Quebec – Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada
The Minister of International Development and La Francophonie, the Honourable Christian Paradis, held a press conference today to announce Canada’s support for the Sustainable Strengthening of Haitian Firefighters’ Response Capabilities project, which will be implemented by the city of Québec.
Le gouvernement du Canada octroie une contribution financière de 2 640 000 $ à la Ville de Québec pour la mise en œuvre du projet Renforcement durable des capacités d’intervention des sapeurs-pompiers haïtiens, de 2015 à 2017.
La caserne de pompiers de Port-au-Prince a été lourdement endommagée par le séisme du 12 janvier 2010 et elle représente un danger grave pour les employés. De plus, le service d’incendie haïtien, qui est sous la responsabilité de la Police nationale d’Haïti, ne dispose pas de formation spécialisée distincte.
“On the occasion of the fifth anniversary of the 12 January 2010 Earthquake, that claimed hundreds of thousands of lives, the United Nations family in Haiti honours the memory of all the Haitian women, men and children that perished in this terrible tragedy. We also remember the 102 representatives of the UN who died, including then Special Representative Hédi Annabi and members of the international community alike” stressed the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Haiti, Sandra Honoré.
Five years on from Haiti’s devastating earthquake, the British Red Cross is completing a project that has helped rebuild the neighbourhood of Delmas 19 in Port-au-Prince.
Five years ago, Haiti was hit by a violent earthquake. The relief and reconstructions work that followed showed clearly that the weaker a society is, and the worse the authorities performance, the greater the disaster becomes.
LLUVIAS INTENSAS: Las fuertes lluvias han provocado inundaciones, derrumbes y daños a infraestructura y cosechas en la capital de Bolivia y en varias comunidades del país.
VISITA DEL SECRETARIO GENERAL DE LA ONU: Ban Ki-moon está viajando esta semana a Honduras y El Salvador donde mantendrá reuniones para tratar temas como la migración y la violencia, entre otros.
ANIVERSARIO TERREMOTO: El 12 de enero se conmemora el quinto aniversario del terremoto de magnitud 7.0 que devastó gran parte de Haití.