Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
- Executive Summary
On 12 January 2010, the deadliest natural disaster in modern history occurred in Port-au-Prince, Haiti: a 7.0 magnitude earthquake affected over 2 million people, displacing 1.6 million, injuring 300,000 and killing 230,000. Many reasons have been identified as to why the earthquake caused such extensive damage. First and foremost, the Government of Haiti (GOH) lacked the capacity and resources to mount a swift and effective response after the event – a consequence of being one of the poorest countries in the world.
The January 2010 earthquake that devastated Haiti directly affected the infrastructure and personnel of the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Rural Development (Ministere de l'Agriculture des Ressources Naturelles et du Developpement Rural, or MARNDR). It weakened the ministry's capacity to lead the economic recovery and food security improvements of the country, and set back research, innovation, and extension systems in the agricultural sector.
Ce rapport s’inscrit dans le prolongement d’une série d’études thématiques1 produites pour Solidarités International en vue d’éclairer les enjeux de la reconstruction de Port-au-Prince, à la suite du séisme du 12 janvier 2010. Le présent travail porte sur les spécificités du contexte urbain : en analysant quelques grandes problématiques liées à Port-au-Prince le foncier, l’habitat, les risques,…), en présentant les stratégies de quelques-uns des acteurs majeurs et en exposant la stratégie nationale qui se dessine, cette étude cherche à rendre plus lisible le contexte de la reconstruction.
Il y a actuellement 30 CTC, 169 UTC, et 766 CRO en fonctionnement dans le pays.
La fin de la saison des pluies contribue à une baisse considérable des cas de choléra. Actuellement, une moyenne de 300 cas par jour a été observée dans l’ensemble du pays, par rapport à 500 cas par jour le mois dernier. Le département qui notifie actuellement les taux les plus élevés de mortalité est le département de l’Ouest.
Monthly Summary – DECEMBER 2011
• 10,464 shelter units have been completed by the end of December 2011, with 265 units added in this month. The distribution of the shelters in 11 communes where Shelter Program operates is as follows: Port-au-Prince (983), Pétion-Ville (516), Delmas (5), Croix-des-Bouquets (5,055), Léogâne (467), Jacmel (809 incl. 335 semipermanent shelters), Cayes-Jacmel (3), Bainet (250), Petit-Goâve (1,502), Grand Goâve (838) and Les Cayes (36 permanent shelters). Additional 692 units are at different stages of construction.
To help the people of Haiti recover from the devastating effects of the earthquake in 2010, Direct Relief made targeted grants to several small, grassroots organizations assisting their communities, including these two organizations, Solidarite Haitienne and Bureau de Doleances Social.
Deux ans après le terrible séisme qui a touché le pays, Haïti a élu son nouveau président de la République en mars 2011 et s’est doté depuis quelques mois d’un gouvernement. Cette stabilisation politique offre des perspectives positives pour l’amélioration des conditions de vie des haïtiens.
Background: The disaster response environment in Haiti following the 2010 earthquake represented a complex healthcare challenge. This study was designed to identify challenges during the Haiti disaster response.
Methods: Qualitative and quantitative study of injured patients carried out six months after the January 2010 earthquake in Haiti to review the surgical inputs of foreign medical teams.
Deprived of love and laughter, children globally are afflicted by war, violence, disease, exploitation, neglect and other devastating circumstances. Progress has been made in strengthening their families of origin and preventing child abandonment, but much remains to be done.
Close to two years after the deadly 12 January 2010 earthquake that hardly hit the city of Léogâne, hundreds of families still live in tents and insalubrious spaces. ACTED has provided housing assistance to 340 vulnerable families affected by the earthquake in order to reestablish safe living conditions for them
Deux ans après le tremblement de terre, 600 familles de paysans du village de montagne de Palmiste-à-Vin ont retrouvé un toit grâce à la Croix-Rouge suisse (CRS). Mais la reconstruction en Haïti reste un processus de longue haleine.
There are currently 30 CTCs, 169 CTUs, and 766 ORPs functioning in-country.
The end of the rainy season contributes to a considerable drop in cholera cases. Currently, an average of 300 cases per day has been observed all over the country, in comparison to 500 cases per day last month. The department currently reporting the highest mortality rates is the West.
With nearly 70 per cent of the population living below the poverty line, the January 2010 earthquake dealt a massive blow to Haiti’s fragile economy. Businesses, equipment, materials and stocks were destroyed and households lost their breadwinners, savings and homes, leaving many families with no source of income.
Rebuilding a country’s economy takes years and while this happens, The Haiti Red Cross Society will support thousands of families to restart their own incomes.
It is now two years since the enormous earthquake shook Port au Prince and the surrounding areas. The scenes of death and destruction dominated TV news for weeks, and though the cameras have gone, the recovery continues.
We recently had the opportunity to see firsthand real progress in this recovery during a brief visit to Port-au-Prince. We were impressed by what has been accomplished, but equally struck by the amount still to do.
P-au-P, 27 déc. 2011[AlterPresse] --- Les différents projets mis en œuvre au cours de l’année de 2011 dans le cadre de la reconstruction d’Haïti après le terrible séisme du 12 janvier 2010 n’ont pas contribué au changement réel des mauvaises conditions de vie des sinistrés et de la population en générale.
Les instances des droits de l’homme de l’ONU appellent les autorités haïtiennes à enquêter sur des allégations de meurtres et de torture attribués à des éléments de la Police Nationale
27 décembre 2011