Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
US$144 million is required to address the humanitarian needs of over 1 million Haitians in 2013.
The downward trend in the cholera epidemic continued in 2012, but 118,000 people could face cholera in 2013.
Some 358,000 people remain in IDP camps where urgent humanitarian needs persist.
Progress continues in moving to Haitian-led humanitarian coordination.
MARIANO FERNáNDEZ Amunátegui - Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Haiti
The current political situation in Haiti is characterized by a stabilization process that, although fragile, shows promise and must be nurtured. Enduring political stability is the key to strengthening the country’s governance institutions, promoting socio-economic development, and attracting foreign investment.
Surrounded by shattered buildings and a massive concrete wall pock-marked by shell holes and small bullet craters, I met Malaika Issack. What could drive anyone to seek shelter in a city like Mogadishu, scarred by twenty years of war?
Le 12 janvier 2013, trois ans se seront écoulés depuis le violent séisme qui a dévasté Haïti. Dans la zone rurale sinistrée des alentours de Léogane, cent maçons auront terminé leur formation. Signe que les habitants de l’Etat insulaire des Grandes Antilles sont prêts à aller de l’avant.
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — A few days after the Jan. 12, 2010, earthquake, Reginald Boulos opened the gates of his destroyed car dealership to some 14,000 displaced people who settled on the expansive property. Seven months later, eager to rebuild his business, he paid the families $400 each to leave Camp Boulos and return to their devastated neighborhoods.
Read the full report on the New York Times.
Haiti - Newly published reports on the number of displaced persons remaining in camps, the Shelter and Camp Coordination Management Cluster factsheet and other data, produced by IOM Haiti and its partners, provide detailed demographic information about the almost 360,000 Haitians still living in 496 sites throughout the country, as well as details on the needs to end the on-going displacement crisis.
Haïti, trois ans plus tard… depuis le séisme dévastateur du 12 janvier 2010, d’énormes d’efforts ont été consentis pour aider le gouvernement à atteindre ses objectifs et améliorer les conditions de vie des Haïtiennes et Haïtiens.
In Haiti, the World Food Programme provides meals daily to 685,000 children in the country’s schools. The meals help children learn better and encourages them to come to school everyday. In La Saline, like in many other places in Haiti, the school meals programme also provides the guarantee that children get at least a meal a day.
Nutritional assistance provided to people still struggling to rebuild their lives three years after the earthquake helps mothers raise healthy children.
PORT-AU-PRINCE --Three years after the earthquake, there are fewer tents, fewer people at the site of the old military airport in Port-au-Prince. Many have found a roof to put over their heads, but thousands are still living between abandoned old planes and helicopters in what used to be one of Port-au-Prince’s biggest camps.
The Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF), a member of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) Group, and the Clinton Bush Haiti Fund have signed an agreement transferring its remaining grants and loans to the MIF, once the Fund ceases formal operations on December 31, 2012.
- Civil-military coordination in health aid problematic
- More rules of engagement needed
- Haiti, Afghanistan highlight weaknesses
- “Politico-health” facilities potentially dangerous
NEW YORK, 20 December 2012 (IRIN) - Delivering health aid to hotspots including Haiti and Afghanistan has brought together - and at times pitted against one another - humanitarians and militaries in an uneasy but increasingly necessary union.
Internal displacement has been a frequent and significant part of Haiti’s history since its foundation in 1804. The current mix of inter-related causes includes frequent natural hazardinduced disasters, human rights violations, and large-scale development projects. These are dominated by the impacts of the major earthquake disaster of 12 January 2010, which displaced up to 2.3 million people, mostly from or within the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince.
Humanitarian action in Haiti over the last three years has helped improve the lives of over 1.5 million Haitians. Almost three years after the devastating earthquake in 2010 that cost the lives of 217,300 people and left 2.1 million homeless, humanitarian action has accomplished significant tangible results. From 2010 to 2012, humanitarian actors ensured adequate services to the 1.5 million displaced after the earthquake and helped return or relocate 77% of these people out of camps.
Among the 90 415 households in camps, 5 920 (6%) are living in transitional shelters while 11 128 (12%) are living in the “Jerusalem, Canaan and Onaville” area. In total, more than 73 000 households are still living in emergency shelters in camps (e-shelters).
Le Fonds Multilatéral d'Investissement (FOMIN), un membre du groupe de la Banque interaméricaine de développement (BID), et le Clinton Bush Haiti Fund ont signé un accord de transfert de ses dons et prêts restants au FOMIN, une fois que le Clinton Bush Haiti Fund cessera ses opérations formelles le 31 décembre 2012.
Three Years After: A Haitian Church for the Future By Darren Hercyk, Country Representative for CRS in Haiti
It is now three years since the massive January 12 earthquake shook Haiti and ended so many lives. But that day also launched a wave of compassion and generosity for Haiti from Americans. Three years on, Catholics in the US should know what is being done in Haiti in their name.
Port-au-Prince, le 18 décembre 2012 – La Mission des Nations Unies pour la Stabilisation en Haïti (MINUSTAH) informe le public que, sa mission étant arrivée à son terme, la compagnie de génie militaire coréenne de la MINUSTAH déployée à Léogâne depuis le 30 mars 2010, quittera Haïti le 22 décembre prochain.