Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Le 12 janvier 2010, un séisme de 7,3 sur l’échelle de Richter a frappé Haïti, et plus particulièrement sa capitale Port-au-Prince ainsi que ses alentours. Plus de 230 000 personnes ont perdu la vie lors de cette catastrophe qui a également causé le déplacement de plus de deux millions de personnes.
L’effondrement de la capitale a eu par ailleurs de graves répercussions sur les institutions centralisées de ce pays qui se sont trouvées particulièrement fragilisées.
Background: The disaster response environment in Haiti following the 2010 earthquake represented a complex healthcare challenge. This study was designed to identify challenges during the Haiti disaster response.
Methods: Qualitative and quantitative study of injured patients carried out six months after the January 2010 earthquake in Haiti to review the surgical inputs of foreign medical teams.
Deprived of love and laughter, children globally are afflicted by war, violence, disease, exploitation, neglect and other devastating circumstances. Progress has been made in strengthening their families of origin and preventing child abandonment, but much remains to be done.
Close to two years after the deadly 12 January 2010 earthquake that hardly hit the city of Léogâne, hundreds of families still live in tents and insalubrious spaces. ACTED has provided housing assistance to 340 vulnerable families affected by the earthquake in order to reestablish safe living conditions for them
Deux ans après le tremblement de terre, 600 familles de paysans du village de montagne de Palmiste-à-Vin ont retrouvé un toit grâce à la Croix-Rouge suisse (CRS). Mais la reconstruction en Haïti reste un processus de longue haleine.
There are currently 30 CTCs, 169 CTUs, and 766 ORPs functioning in-country.
The end of the rainy season contributes to a considerable drop in cholera cases. Currently, an average of 300 cases per day has been observed all over the country, in comparison to 500 cases per day last month. The department currently reporting the highest mortality rates is the West.
With nearly 70 per cent of the population living below the poverty line, the January 2010 earthquake dealt a massive blow to Haiti’s fragile economy. Businesses, equipment, materials and stocks were destroyed and households lost their breadwinners, savings and homes, leaving many families with no source of income.
Rebuilding a country’s economy takes years and while this happens, The Haiti Red Cross Society will support thousands of families to restart their own incomes.
It is now two years since the enormous earthquake shook Port au Prince and the surrounding areas. The scenes of death and destruction dominated TV news for weeks, and though the cameras have gone, the recovery continues.
We recently had the opportunity to see firsthand real progress in this recovery during a brief visit to Port-au-Prince. We were impressed by what has been accomplished, but equally struck by the amount still to do.
P-au-P, 27 déc. 2011[AlterPresse] --- Les différents projets mis en œuvre au cours de l’année de 2011 dans le cadre de la reconstruction d’Haïti après le terrible séisme du 12 janvier 2010 n’ont pas contribué au changement réel des mauvaises conditions de vie des sinistrés et de la population en générale.
Les instances des droits de l’homme de l’ONU appellent les autorités haïtiennes à enquêter sur des allégations de meurtres et de torture attribués à des éléments de la Police Nationale
27 décembre 2011
Haitian authorities must investigate allegations of police torture and killings – UN reports
GENEVA/PORT-AU-PRINCE – The UN’s human rights presence in Haiti on Tuesday urged Haitian authorities to properly investigate and prosecute police officers suspected of unlawful killings and torture, after two UN reports raised concerns that the illegal use of force by officers in the Haitian National Police (HNP) may have led to the deaths of nine people in the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area between October 2010 and June this year.
Australian Red Cross aid workers will be helping out across the globe in disaster, conflict and development zones this festive season.
TUESDAY DECEMBER 20, 2011
Peter Giugni will be setting up the ICRC's first regional office in Afghanistan's volatile Khost province. A world away from the turkey and tinsel of an Antipodean Christmas, Australian Red Cross aid workers will be helping out across the globe in disaster, conflict and development zones this festive season.
The current floods in Cambodia, which have affected more than 50,000 families and destroyed 20,000 hectares of crops, or even tropical storm 12-E in Nicaragua, which has caused floods, landslides, considerable destruction of housing, social and economic infrastructure and massive population displacements, are two recent examples of little known humanitarian emergencies. Such crises have not mobilized much, but ACTED still intends to deliver a response.
Two years after the earthquake, Haiti is on the long road to recovery. Your donations are making a difference, but there is still a considerable way to go. Our report (below) outlines the progress so far and the difficulties being faced.
In the past two years, your donations mean that:
Nearly 43,000 people are earning money through cash–for-work projects
11,000 children in rural Saut d’Eau have access to quality education
9,400 families received agricultural training, seeds, and tools
By Ellie Matthews December 25, 2011 at 6:00 am
“A year ago, in December 2010, I watched people pass by, arms laden with things for the Christmas and New Year celebrations. I heard that it was Christmas but couldn’t celebrate it,” says Marie Bernadette, a resident of the Delmas 19 district of Port-au-Prince, Haiti. “How can you hope to have a good Christmas and welcome in a new year when you don’t have money to even buy a gift for your children?”
By RANDAL C. ARCHIBOLD
PAPAYE, Haiti — For months after the earthquake that struck the capital, Manel Laurore pulled shattered bodies from his neighbors’ homes, hunkered in fetid refugee camps and scrounged for food and water.
Today, his main worries are when his bean, corn and plantain crops will come in.
“I will never go back to Port-au-Prince,” said Mr. Laurore, 32, a former shopkeeper who was sifting soil to plant a tomato garden, referring to the capital. “It left a strong pain inside. Here the work is hard, but you live in total peace.”
Brussels, 23 December – As the two-year anniversary of the devastating earthquake that hit Haiti in January 2010 approaches, the European Commission has allocated a further €3 million to the 2011 humanitarian aid budget for the country, bringing the total of humanitarian funding by the European Commission in 2011 to €38.5 million.
Despite significant progress over the last 2 years there remain many challenges to reducing the vulnerability of the population. Hundreds of thousands are still homeless because of the earthquake and the population as a whole is at risk of cholera.
P-au-P, 22 déc. 2011 [AlterPresse] --- Environ deux ans après le séisme du 12 janvier 2010, qui a poussé des millions de personnes à se déplacer vers des camps aux conditions difficiles d’existence, l’organisation Solidarité des femme haïtiennes (en créole : Sofa) demande à l’ État d’établir des mécanismes pertinents pour une meilleure protection des femmes dans les abris provisoires.