Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
New Report Looks at Past Disasters to Prepare for the Future
Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery: Are we prepared for the next Pompeii?
WASHINGTON, May 8, 2018 — The great disasters of the past – like the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD or the hurricane that devastated Santo Domingo in 1930 – can provide valuable lessons to help governments and institutions increase the resilience of communities in the face of modern challenges, such as climate change and rapid urbanization.
The United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) team is part of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the international emergency response system for sudden-onset emergencies. UNDAC was created in 1993. It is designed to help the United Nations and governments of disaster-affected countries during the first phase of a sudden-onset emergency. UNDAC, as a tool of OCHA, also assists in the coordination of incoming international relief at national level and/or at the site of the emergency.
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of emergencies in the region.
Javier E. Báez, Alan Fuchs, Carlos Rodríguez-Castelán
1. Executive Summary
The region has made impressive strides in the struggle against poverty and income inequality The Latin America and Caribbean region has achieved remarkable economic and social progress over the last decade, gradually shifting toward middle-income status.
28 MILLION PEOPLE FORCIBLY DISPLACED BY CONFLICT AND DISASTERS IN 2015 AND MILLIONS MORE STILL INVISIBLE: IDMC NEW REPORT HIGHLIGHTS GLOBAL CRISIS OF INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT
Conflict, violence and disasters internally displaced 27.8 million people in 2015, subjecting a record number of men, women and children to the trauma and upheaval of being forcibly displaced within their own country.
Malcolm Gladwell in his book refers to the ‘Tipping Point’ where little things can make a big difference: "the moment of critical mass, the threshold, the boiling point" at which "ideas and products and messages and behaviors spread like viruses do."
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, landslides, and volcanic eruptions. Some countries have also suffered civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts.
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, landslides, and volcanic eruptions. At times, El Niño meteorological events and poor land use management exacerbate the effects of potential hazards. Several countries in the region also remain vulnerable to civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts. Between Fiscal Year (FY) 2003 and FY 2012, USAID’s Office of U.S.
Edición Especial HOSPITALES SEGUROS
¿Alcanzaremos la meta fijada para el 2015 en el Plan de Acción de las Américas?
Hospitales seguros: una responsabilidad compartida, una meta a nuestro alcance
Special Edition SAFE HOSPITALS
Will we meet the goal set for 2015 in the Plan of Action of the Americas?
Emergencies and disasters damage people, their property, and their environment in multiple ways. Whatever the impact, the priorities will be always to protect lives and the well-being of the affected communities and to reduce human suffering. The social, economic, and environmental cost of these events is enormous. Their impact can be felt for many years, particularly when health facilities stop functioning precisely when they are most needed.
Escrito por Niels Holm-Nielsen
No hay dos terremotos en el mundo que causen igual daño, de acuerdo a los científicos. Esto es particularmente cierto en América Latina, una tierra de contrastes.
Mientras que en el 2010 un terremoto de grado 7 en la escala de Richter desoló a Haití, cobrando casi un cuarto de millón de vidas, en México, hace unas pocas semanas, un terremoto de similar magnitud (7.4) apenas causó grietas y unos pocos heridos.
By Niels Holm-Nielsen
No two earthquakes in the world cause equal damage, according to scientists. This is particularly true in Latin America, a land of contrasts.
Whereas in 2010, an earthquake measuring 7 on the Richter scale ravaged Haiti, claiming nearly a quarter of a million lives, a few weeks ago in Mexico, an earthquake of similar magnitude (7.4) caused only a few cracks and minor injuries.
El continente Americano es el segundo más propenso a la ocurrencia de desastres naturales. Solamente en 2010, el 25.2% de los desastres globales ocurrieron en esta región. Como ejemplo de los graves desastres vale la pena mencionar los estragos de eventos como el huracán Mitch que en 1998 azotó la región centroamericana dejando a su paso más de 3.2 millones de afectados y el terremoto de Pisco en Perú en 2007 que dejó más de 658.000 afectados.
17 Mar 2012 20:16
By Antonio De la Jara and Terry Wade
MONTEVIDEO, March 17 (Reuters) - The Inter-American Development Bank has proposed allowing member countries to tap loans in case they need to respond to natural disasters, the multilateral lender's president said on Saturday.
Luis Alberto Moreno said the disaster funding would be financed by credits normally set aside for counter-cyclical spending in sharp economic downturns.
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17 January 2012, Zurich
Much of the world is still vastly underinsured against earthquake risk, study finds - Underinsurance often due to low risk awareness in earthquake-prone areas - Earthquake models should consider secondary-loss factors more comprehensively
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, includ-ing droughts, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, landslides, and volcanic eruptions. At times, El Niño meteorological events and poor land use management exacerbate the effects of potential hazards. Several countries in the re-gion also remain vulnerable to civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts. Between Fiscal Year (FY) 2002 and FY 2011, USAID’s Office of U.S.