Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Most read reports
- IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice
- Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
- Earthquakes to Floods: A Scoping Review of Health-related Disaster Research in Low- and Middle-income Countries
- First-class surgery for all in Tabarre hospital
- Haiti: Revised Humanitarian Response Plan (January - December 2018)
Let's Invest Now for Tomorrow's Migration
By William Lacy Swing, IOM Director General
Today, there are an estimated 214 million international migrants in the world. If this number continues to grow at the same pace as during the last 20 years, international migrants could number 405 million by 2050.
(SEATTLE, Wash., Sept. 1, 2010)-Three volunteer Seattle medical professionals leave for Haiti on Friday, Sept. 3 to care for the ongoing health needs of the Haitian community. The team will coordinate medical care from the Medical Teams International field office in Port-au-Prince which opened after the disaster struck. The team will be in Haiti for two weeks.
Since the earthquake hit, Medical Teams International has sent more than 100 medical professionals and provided more than $5 million in medicines and other supplies for 186,000 people .
Team members include:
NAIROBI, 14 June 2010 (IRIN) - Help for people facing humanitarian catastrophe could be a text message or mouse click away, thanks to software that has proved vital in humanitarian disasters such as the Haiti earthquake.
"Ushahidi" [http://ushahidi.com] is Swahili for testimony and also the name of a website originally developed to map reports of violence and peace efforts following Kenya's 2008 election.
"During the [Kenyan] post-election violence, a few concerned civilians came up with a …
Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) programs frequently represent critical components of the USAID/OFDA response to rapid-onset disasters and complex emergencies, as disaster-affected populations are more susceptible to illness and death from waterborne and communicable diseases. WASH interventions include latrine construction, hand washing promotion, safe drinking water and healthy sanitation practice education, and safe drinking water provision.