Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural disasters in the region.
LLUVIAS INTENSAS: Las fuertes lluvias han provocado inundaciones, derrumbes y daños a infraestructura y cosechas en la capital de Bolivia y en varias comunidades del país.
VISITA DEL SECRETARIO GENERAL DE LA ONU: Ban Ki-moon está viajando esta semana a Honduras y El Salvador donde mantendrá reuniones para tratar temas como la migración y la violencia, entre otros.
ANIVERSARIO TERREMOTO: El 12 de enero se conmemora el quinto aniversario del terremoto de magnitud 7.0 que devastó gran parte de Haití.
INTENSE RAINS: Heavy rains have caused flooding and landslides that damaged infrastructure and crops in the capital of Bolivia and in several communities throughout the country.
UN SECRETARY-GENERAL VISIT: Ban Ki-moon is in Honduras and El Salvador this week where to discuss issues of migration and violence, among other topics.
ANNIVERSARY OF EARTHQUAKE: January 12 marks the fifth anniversary of the 7.0 magnitude earthquake that devastated Haiti.
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, landslides, and volcanic eruptions. Some countries have also suffered civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts.
The first trimester of 2010 has been dominated by two major earthquakes with devastating impacts in Haiti and Chile. On 12 January, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.0 on the Richter scale severely hit Haiti and its capital, affecting around 3 million people - one in every three Haitians. Over 220,000 people were killed and an estimated 300,000 people injured.
- CHILE: An 8.8 magnitude earthquake killed more than 710 people and affected at least 1.5 million people.
- HAITI: More than 460,000 have fled Port au Prince.
- EASTERN CARIBBEAN: Losses in the agricultural sector caused by drought could be around US$4.7 million.
- SOTH AMERICA: Floods and landslides are still causing impact in Bolivia and Peru.