Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
The United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) team is part of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the international emergency response system for sudden-onset emergencies. UNDAC was created in 1993. It is designed to help the United Nations and governments of disaster-affected countries during the first phase of a sudden-onset emergency. UNDAC, as a tool of OCHA, also assists in the coordination of incoming international relief at national level and/or at the site of the emergency.
| Overview |
Working environment The intensification of several humanitarian crises in Africa and in the Middle East is keeping global resettlement needs high. Thanks to the generosity of countries such as the United States and Canada, which have large resettlement programmes, many vulnerable refugees are able to find a solution to their plight.
The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2013/01000
27 September 2012 – Decisions by a number of governments on the American continent to resume or intensify the deportation of forced Haitian migrants risks making them even more vulnerable than they currently are. After the earthquake on 12 January 2010, various Latin American announced the suspension of deportations of Haitians on humanitarian grounds. Some governments respected this moratorium; while others violated it.
27 de septiembre de 2012 - Las decisiones de algunos gobiernos del continente americano de reanudar o intensificar la deportación de migrantes forzosos haitianos les amenaza con hacerlos aún más vulnerables de lo que actualmente son. Después del terremoto del 12 de enero de 2010, varios países de América Latina dieron una moratoria a las deportaciones de los haitianos y haitianas por razones humanitarias. Algunos gobiernos respetaron la moratoria, mientras que otros la violaron.
27 septembre 2012 – Des décisions prises par plusieurs gouvernements sur le continent américain pour reprendre ou intensifier la déportation de migrants de force haïtiens risquent de les rendre encore plus vulnérables qu'ils ne le sont actuellement. Après le tremblement de terre du 12 janvier 2010, divers gouvernements latino-américains ont annoncé la suspension de la déportation d'Haïtiens, pour raisons humanitaires. Quelques gouvernements ont respecté cette suspension tandis que d'autres l'ont violée.
Written by: Anastasia Moloney
BOGOTA (AlertNet) - South Pacific nations threatened with rising sea levels linked to climate change are looking to adopt a regional disaster insurance plan based on a lauded Caribbean scheme which aims to soften the economic impact of natural catastrophes.
The World Bank launched the Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility (CCRIF), the first multi-country insurance scheme of its kind, in 2007, after Hurricane Ivan inflicted billions of dollars in losses on the region in 2004.
The scheme promises member governments prompt payouts after …
PROVIDENCIALES, Jan 29 (Reuters) - The first known group of Haitians fleeing the country by boat since the devastating Jan. 12 earthquake has been picked up off the Turks and Caicos islands.
Authorities in the British overseas territory said it was unclear if the 122 people on the craft, which was intercepted by marine police on Wednesday, had left because of the quake or were trying to escape poverty.
The Haitians are being held in a sports complex rather than sent back.