Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of emergencies in the region.
The materials contained in this supplementary document complement those found in the existing IRP Guidance Note on Recovery – Health. The discussions and case studies contained herein portray an expanded and oftentimes fresh perspective on many of the issues found in the original guidance note on several new and emerging issues for which there exist best practices and lessons learned.
Javier E. Báez, Alan Fuchs, Carlos Rodríguez-Castelán
1. Executive Summary
The region has made impressive strides in the struggle against poverty and income inequality The Latin America and Caribbean region has achieved remarkable economic and social progress over the last decade, gradually shifting toward middle-income status.
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural disasters in the region.
The Guidance Note on Recovery: Private Sector draws from the wider body of knowledge on private sector recovery and from documented experiences of past and present disaster planning and recovery e orts. Materials have been collected through desk review and direct consultations with relevant experts. These experiences and lessons learned are classi ed into the following four major issues:
The Disaster Recovery Role of the Private Sector
Engaging the Private Sector in Disaster Recovery
LLUVIAS INTENSAS: Las fuertes lluvias han provocado inundaciones, derrumbes y daños a infraestructura y cosechas en la capital de Bolivia y en varias comunidades del país.
VISITA DEL SECRETARIO GENERAL DE LA ONU: Ban Ki-moon está viajando esta semana a Honduras y El Salvador donde mantendrá reuniones para tratar temas como la migración y la violencia, entre otros.
ANIVERSARIO TERREMOTO: El 12 de enero se conmemora el quinto aniversario del terremoto de magnitud 7.0 que devastó gran parte de Haití.
INTENSE RAINS: Heavy rains have caused flooding and landslides that damaged infrastructure and crops in the capital of Bolivia and in several communities throughout the country.
UN SECRETARY-GENERAL VISIT: Ban Ki-moon is in Honduras and El Salvador this week where to discuss issues of migration and violence, among other topics.
ANNIVERSARY OF EARTHQUAKE: January 12 marks the fifth anniversary of the 7.0 magnitude earthquake that devastated Haiti.
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, landslides, and volcanic eruptions. Some countries have also suffered civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts.
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, includ-ing droughts, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, landslides, and volcanic eruptions. At times, El Niño meteorological events and poor land use management exacerbate the effects of potential hazards. Several countries in the re-gion also remain vulnerable to civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts. Between Fiscal Year (FY) 2002 and FY 2011, USAID’s Office of U.S.
Le Ministre des Affaires Etrangères, Commerce International et Culte de la République Argentine, Hector Marcos Timerman, est en visite de travail en Haïti. Ce mercredi 20 juillet 2011, il a été reçu, à Port-au-Prince, par le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général des Nations Unies en Haïti, Mariano Fernández Amunátegui, en présence du Président du Sénat haïtien, Rodolphe Joazile, et de celui de la Chambre des députés, Sorel Jacinthe.
This report covers the period 01 January 2010 to 30 June 2010.
Programme purpose: The Americas Zone Office is guided in its work with the 35 Red Cross Societies of the Americas by the strategic aims of Strategy 2020 to save lives, protect livelihoods, and strengthen recovery from disasters and crises; enable healthy and safe living; and promote social inclusion and a culture of non-violence and peace. Capacity building efforts are in line with enabling action one to build strong National Red Cross Societies.
Sixty-fifth General Assembly
- HAITI: Six months after the earthquake much has been achieved yet huge challenges remain.
- MEXICO: Declares emergency in Northern areas after Hurricane Alex.
- PANAMA: IFRC allocates some US$35,700 to help people hit by flooding.
- LAC: As of 7 July, the region reported some 913,530 confirmed cases of dengue.
HAITI: On Tuesday 12 January, at approximately 16.53hrs local time, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake on the Richter scale, less than 10 km deep, was recorded off the coast of Haiti, only 17 km from the capital, Port-au-Prince.
Haiti: After the devastating earthquake in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, survivors rest in a makeshift shelter in the parking lot of the general hospital. Photo: UN/Logan Abassi. =A9
Six days after the event, a comprehensive assessment of the damages is underway.