Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
IOM Shelter Operations
IOM’s unique position as an intergovernmental or- ganization allows it to work with quality and scale in natural disasters, conflict, and complex emer- gency settings, delivering urgent humanitarian needs. In this capacity, IOM has both operational and coordination roles, and works with partners through all phases of preparedness and response in support of national authorities. Since 2005, IOM has implemented shelter and non-food items (NFI) projects in over 40 countries.
Haïti - Cette semaine, l’OIM et ses partenaires ont inauguré un nouveau centre qui accueillera 600 déplacés haïtiens qui vivaient avant dans des conditions de précarité dans un camp de fortune.
Le centre, situé dans la commune de Cassagne, près de la ville de Léogane, épicentre du séisme de 2010, est composé de 134 logements qui fourniront un endroit sûr, propre et hygiénique aux 600 personnes.
IOM and its partners this week inaugurated a new shelter centre that will house 600 displaced Haitians previously living in destitute conditions in a makeshift camp.
The centre, located in the commune of Cassagne, near the western city of Leogane, the epicenter of the 2010 earthquake, has 134 houses, which will provide a safe, clean and healthy environment for 600 people.
Korea’s fourth peacekeeping contingent is winning recognition overseas for their efforts to help with reconstruction of quake-ravaged Haiti.
Dispatched in Haiti late last month as UN peacekeeping forces, Korean troops have successfully developed a deep well for local residents, the Korean Ministry of National Defense said on September 23.
The unit, named Danbi (welcome rain), began to develop the well in the Léogâne area of Haiti after they were dispatched to the region last month.