Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
The United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) team is part of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the international emergency response system for sudden-onset emergencies. UNDAC was created in 1993. It is designed to help the United Nations and governments of disaster-affected countries during the first phase of a sudden-onset emergency. UNDAC, as a tool of OCHA, also assists in the coordination of incoming international relief at national level and/or at the site of the emergency.
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of emergencies in the region.
The materials contained in this supplementary document complement those found in the existing IRP Guidance Note on Recovery – Health. The discussions and case studies contained herein portray an expanded and oftentimes fresh perspective on many of the issues found in the original guidance note on several new and emerging issues for which there exist best practices and lessons learned.
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural disasters in the region.
The Guidance Note on Recovery: Private Sector draws from the wider body of knowledge on private sector recovery and from documented experiences of past and present disaster planning and recovery e orts. Materials have been collected through desk review and direct consultations with relevant experts. These experiences and lessons learned are classi ed into the following four major issues:
The Disaster Recovery Role of the Private Sector
Engaging the Private Sector in Disaster Recovery
Remembering the Tsunami: A Decade of Strengthening Humanitarian Response
Ten years ago, the global community faced what was one of the biggest tests of humanitarianism in recent history.
On Dec. 26, 2004, an earthquake rumbled off the coast of Indonesia, triggering a series of devastating tsunamis that struck 14 countries across the Indian Ocean. At least 228,000 people lost their lives and millions more were left homeless.
The fourth edition of ‘Shelter Projects’, is launched at a time when shelter is more relevant than ever as an instrument of humanitarian response. The case studies in this edition reflect the on-going challenges posed by responses to complex emergencies such as Haiti and Pakistan as well as new challenges derived from unprecedented level of population displacement in Africa, Asia and in the Middle East.
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, landslides, and volcanic eruptions. Some countries have also suffered civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts.
We are pleased to share with you the third edition of the Global CCCM Cluster Newsletter.
This edition provides updates from our field operations and partners and also tracks the progress on our 18 month European Commission Civil Protection and Humanitarian Directorate General (ECHO) funded capacity building project to strengthen CCCM's field response and coordination.
La salud, elemento esencial hoy y luego de 2015
Un desastre, antes que todo, está relacionado al impacto sobre el ser humano en su estado de bienestar físico, mental y social. La destrucción, incluso si fuera súbita y masiva, no es un desastre si no existe repercusión sobre la población. En este contexto, los servicios de salud son esenciales, 24 horas al día y 7 días a la semana, para todas las mujeres y hombres en cualquier lugar del mundo.
Health, an Essential Element Now and Beyond 2015
A disaster, above all, relates to people as it affects their state of physical, mental and social wellbeing. Destruction, even if it is sud- den and massive, is not a disaster unless there are repercussions for the population. In this context, health services are essential 24/7, for all women and men, anywhere in the world.
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, landslides, and volcanic eruptions. At times, El Niño meteorological events and poor land use management exacerbate the effects of potential hazards. Several countries in the region also remain vulnerable to civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts. Between Fiscal Year (FY) 2003 and FY 2012, USAID’s Office of U.S.
Escrito por Niels Holm-Nielsen
No hay dos terremotos en el mundo que causen igual daño, de acuerdo a los científicos. Esto es particularmente cierto en América Latina, una tierra de contrastes.
Mientras que en el 2010 un terremoto de grado 7 en la escala de Richter desoló a Haití, cobrando casi un cuarto de millón de vidas, en México, hace unas pocas semanas, un terremoto de similar magnitud (7.4) apenas causó grietas y unos pocos heridos.
By Niels Holm-Nielsen
No two earthquakes in the world cause equal damage, according to scientists. This is particularly true in Latin America, a land of contrasts.
Whereas in 2010, an earthquake measuring 7 on the Richter scale ravaged Haiti, claiming nearly a quarter of a million lives, a few weeks ago in Mexico, an earthquake of similar magnitude (7.4) caused only a few cracks and minor injuries.
Par Wooldy Edson Louidor
Bogotá (Colombie), 23 fév. 2012 [AlterPresse] --- Face aux inondations dues aux débordements des deux fleuves Acre et Yaverija après d’intenses pluies, l’état d’urgence a été déclaré dans la localité péruvienne d’Iñapari, où se trouvent bloqués 274 migrants haïtiens depuis plus d’un mois à la frontière commune avec le Brésil et la Bolivie.
Les Haïtiens ont été déplacés de la paroisse d’Iñapari, où ils vivaient depuis leur arrivée, vers une école située dans une zone élevée, à l’abri des inondations.
BRASIL: El gobierno asignó US$40 millones en asistencia para los afectados por las inundaciones.
COLOMBIA: Con más de 1.2 millones de afectados, tres departamentos del pacifico están en alerta por lluvias.
HAITÍ: 520,000 personas aún viven en campamentos. Se requiere de US$232 para asistencia.
BRAZIL: The Government allocated US$40 million to assist people affected by the floods.
COLOMBIA: Over 1.2 million people affected, three departments in the Pacific remain under alert for rains.
HAITÍ: More than 520,000 still living in camps. $232 million is needed for humanitarian assistance.