Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Javier E. Báez, Alan Fuchs, Carlos Rodríguez-Castelán
1. Executive Summary
The region has made impressive strides in the struggle against poverty and income inequality The Latin America and Caribbean region has achieved remarkable economic and social progress over the last decade, gradually shifting toward middle-income status.
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural disasters in the region.
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, landslides, and volcanic eruptions. Some countries have also suffered civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts.
The member countries of the Organization of American States (OAS), meeting in Cochabamba, Bolivia, have underscored the need for action to improve food security in the Americas, including current and future proposals to provide their citizens with access to abundant, safe, and nutritious food.
This was the consensus coming out of the second plenary of the forty-second OAS General Assembly. The plenary ran from Monday into Tuesday.
This report covers the period 01 January 2010 to 31 December 2010.
Programme purpose: The Americas zone office is guided by its work with the 35 Red Cross Societies of the Americas in line with Strategy 2020 and the Inter American Plan 2007–2011.
This report covers the period from 01 January 2010 to 31 December 2010.
Programme purpose: Support the seven National Societies in the Central America and Mexico region, working closely together with them to effectively implement the Inter-American Plan 2007– 2011.
This report covers the period 01 January 2010 to 30 June 2010.
Programme purpose: The Americas Zone Office is guided in its work with the 35 Red Cross Societies of the Americas by the strategic aims of Strategy 2020 to save lives, protect livelihoods, and strengthen recovery from disasters and crises; enable healthy and safe living; and promote social inclusion and a culture of non-violence and peace. Capacity building efforts are in line with enabling action one to build strong National Red Cross Societies.
- CENTRAL AMERICA: Heavy rains caused damages and destruction in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Panama.
- SOUTH AMERICA: Deaths and increased number of respiratory infections due to extreme cold weather.
- PERU: Bubonic plague is a matter of concern in the country.
- HAITI: Six months after the earthquake much has been achieved yet huge challenges remain.
- MEXICO: Declares emergency in Northern areas after Hurricane Alex.
- PANAMA: IFRC allocates some US$35,700 to help people hit by flooding.
- LAC: As of 7 July, the region reported some 913,530 confirmed cases of dengue.