Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Le Ministère de la Planification et de la Coopération Externe (MPCE) a été proposé comme nouvel homologue gouvernemental du FRH (p.2)
La France devient membre votant du comité de pilotage du FRH (p.2). Sa dernière contribution de 2. 8 million d’euros lui a permis d’atteindre le minimum requis de 30 millions de dollars.
2750 ménages de 4 camps sont retournés à leurs quartiers d’origine (p.3).
HIGHLIGHTS OF THIS ISSUE
The Ministry of Planning and External Cooperation (MPCE) has been proposed as the new HRF government counterpart (p.2)
France becomes a voting member of the HRF Steering Committee (p.2). Its last contribution of €2.8 million brought its total contribution to over the minimum required US$30 million.
2750 households from 4 camps returned to their neighborhood of origin (p.3).
50 millions de dollars américains promis avant le deuxième anniversaire du tremblement de terre.
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haïti, 12 janvier 2012 – Dix-huit mois après sa création, le Fonds de Reconstruction d’Haïti (FRH) continue de recevoir des contributions additionnelles pour financer la reconstruction post-séisme du pays. Les dernières contributions reçues s’élèvent à 50 millions de dollars américains et portent le montant total mobilisé auprès des 19 bailleurs de fonds à 392 millions de dollars américains.
US$50 million promised before the second anniversary of the earthquake
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti, January 12, 2012 - Eighteen months after its creation, the Haiti Reconstruction Fund (HRF) continues to receive additional contributions to help finance the country’s post-earthquake reconstruction. The latest contributions received amount to US$50 million and bring the total raised from the 19 donors to US$392 million.
Humanitarian aid is being stretched. Millions of people in sub-Saharan Africa are living with conflict and its legacy; natural disasters such as the earthquake in Haiti and the floods in Pakistan have the power to disrupt and sometimes even paralyse economic and social infrastructure; recovery and reconstruction remain uneven following large-scale conflict in Iraq and Afghanistan; and political turmoil is escalating in parts of the Middle East and North Africa.