Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
1. The urban sphere is part of the fabric of humanitarian crises
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural disasters in the region.
28 MILLION PEOPLE FORCIBLY DISPLACED BY CONFLICT AND DISASTERS IN 2015 AND MILLIONS MORE STILL INVISIBLE: IDMC NEW REPORT HIGHLIGHTS GLOBAL CRISIS OF INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT
Conflict, violence and disasters internally displaced 27.8 million people in 2015, subjecting a record number of men, women and children to the trauma and upheaval of being forcibly displaced within their own country.
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, landslides, and volcanic eruptions. Some countries have also suffered civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts.
DAKAR, 9 janvier 2013 (IRIN) - Quelques organisations d'aide humanitaire sortent peu à peu de leur champ d'action habituel que sont la guerre et les catastrophes naturelles pour s'attaquer aux conséquences de la violence criminelle à grande échelle en milieu urbain. Cela soulève des questions concernant le cadre juridique de telles interventions et les méthodes de travail employées.
DAKAR, 8 January 2013 (IRIN) - The gradual expansion by a small number of humanitarian agencies beyond their traditional remits of war and natural disaster towards tackling the consequences of large-scale criminal violence in urban settings raises questions about the legal framework and working methods of such interventions.
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, landslides, and volcanic eruptions. At times, El Niño meteorological events and poor land use management exacerbate the effects of potential hazards. Several countries in the region also remain vulnerable to civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts. Between Fiscal Year (FY) 2003 and FY 2012, USAID’s Office of U.S.
Edición Especial HOSPITALES SEGUROS
¿Alcanzaremos la meta fijada para el 2015 en el Plan de Acción de las Américas?
Hospitales seguros: una responsabilidad compartida, una meta a nuestro alcance
Special Edition SAFE HOSPITALS
Will we meet the goal set for 2015 in the Plan of Action of the Americas?
Emergencies and disasters damage people, their property, and their environment in multiple ways. Whatever the impact, the priorities will be always to protect lives and the well-being of the affected communities and to reduce human suffering. The social, economic, and environmental cost of these events is enormous. Their impact can be felt for many years, particularly when health facilities stop functioning precisely when they are most needed.
Escrito por Niels Holm-Nielsen
No hay dos terremotos en el mundo que causen igual daño, de acuerdo a los científicos. Esto es particularmente cierto en América Latina, una tierra de contrastes.
Mientras que en el 2010 un terremoto de grado 7 en la escala de Richter desoló a Haití, cobrando casi un cuarto de millón de vidas, en México, hace unas pocas semanas, un terremoto de similar magnitud (7.4) apenas causó grietas y unos pocos heridos.
By Niels Holm-Nielsen
No two earthquakes in the world cause equal damage, according to scientists. This is particularly true in Latin America, a land of contrasts.
Whereas in 2010, an earthquake measuring 7 on the Richter scale ravaged Haiti, claiming nearly a quarter of a million lives, a few weeks ago in Mexico, an earthquake of similar magnitude (7.4) caused only a few cracks and minor injuries.
BRASIL: El gobierno asignó US$40 millones en asistencia para los afectados por las inundaciones.
COLOMBIA: Con más de 1.2 millones de afectados, tres departamentos del pacifico están en alerta por lluvias.
HAITÍ: 520,000 personas aún viven en campamentos. Se requiere de US$232 para asistencia.
BRAZIL: The Government allocated US$40 million to assist people affected by the floods.
COLOMBIA: Over 1.2 million people affected, three departments in the Pacific remain under alert for rains.
HAITÍ: More than 520,000 still living in camps. $232 million is needed for humanitarian assistance.
17 January 2012, Zurich
Much of the world is still vastly underinsured against earthquake risk, study finds - Underinsurance often due to low risk awareness in earthquake-prone areas - Earthquake models should consider secondary-loss factors more comprehensively
Action needed to mitigate the effects of climate change on health
The PAHO/WHO Directing Council, at its 51st Meeting held in Washington, D.C., in September 2011, approved a Strategy and Plan of Action on Climate Change. It calls for countries to strengthen the ability of health systems to monitor and analyze climate change, to promote joint efforts of health and other sectors to reduce climate-related health risks, and to reduce the carbon footprint of the health sector in each country.
- COLOMBIA: Bogotá is under alert due to landslides. The rainy season has affected more than 325,000 people.
- LAC: It is expected that the La Niña phenomenon, which is currently affecting Colombia, will remain until 2012.
- CENTRAL AMERICA: OXFAM estimates that 1.5 million people are at food insecurity risk.
- COLOMBIA: Bogotá está en alerta por deslizamientos. La ola invernal ha afectado a más de325 mil personas.
- LAC: Se espera que La Niña se mantenga hasta 2012. Actualmente afecta Colombia.
- AMÉRICA CENTRAL: OXFAM estima que 1.5 millones de personas están en riesgo de inseguridad alimentaria
Existe evidencia científica que confirma que el cambio climático ha incrementado la intensidad de las tormentas tropicales y sus efectos sobre la elevación de la temperatura atmosférica y de la superficie del mar. Si este comportamiento continúa agudizándose, en las próximas décadas, los países de la región - particularmente América Central, la Región Andina y el Caribe, estarán expuestas a precipitaciones más fuertes y sequías más severas.