Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
The materials contained in this supplementary document complement those found in the existing IRP Guidance Note on Recovery – Health. The discussions and case studies contained herein portray an expanded and oftentimes fresh perspective on many of the issues found in the original guidance note on several new and emerging issues for which there exist best practices and lessons learned.
The Guidance Note on Recovery: Private Sector draws from the wider body of knowledge on private sector recovery and from documented experiences of past and present disaster planning and recovery e orts. Materials have been collected through desk review and direct consultations with relevant experts. These experiences and lessons learned are classi ed into the following four major issues:
The Disaster Recovery Role of the Private Sector
Engaging the Private Sector in Disaster Recovery
Effective post-disaster reconstruction programmes
This topic guide is a review of the state of play in post-disaster reconstruction. It builds on extensive research, literature and experience to date, most recently considering outputs from the 2015 Sendai Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). It considers the status quo and puts forward alternative positions for facilitating effective reconstruction through a more seamless and re-planned approach.
The conclusions of this publication are the following (p. 57):
Persons with disabilities often experience discrimination and exclusion, despite the adoption of an increasingly rights-based approach to humanitarian assistance. The past three decades have witnessed a growing awareness of disability issues and the emergence and spread of disabled people’s organisations.
The growing awareness must be accompanied by practical measures to identify and reduce the barriers faced by persons with disabilities in an emergency situation.
From the bottom of the ocean to the outer reaches of the galaxy – the possibilities offered by drones and satellites are practically unlimited. Unmanned aerial vehicles are no longer only used in war zones. Equipped with cutting-edge technology, they are also valuable aids in the fight against pollution and social injustice. They can expose polluters and even locate people buried under rubble. In our RESET Special 'Drones and Satellites for Good', we will introduce projects that use satellites and drones towards sustainable development.
MANILLE, 22 avril 2014 (IRIN) - Les travailleurs d'urgence qui interviennent en milieu urbain à la suite d'une catastrophe ont la nécessité de s'adapter aux contraintes et exigences spécifiques aux milieux urbains, selon des experts et des travailleurs humanitaires.
MANILA, 16 April 2014 (IRIN) - Responding to the devastation wrought by disasters in cities requires relief workers to adjust to the unique constraints and demands of specific urban settings, experts and aid workers say.
“Meeting the challenges of humanitarian response in urban settings will require taking into account factors that are particular to a city such as existing built infrastructure and the socio-economic, cultural, religious and political landscape,” said Steven Zyck, a research fellow at the UK-based Humanitarian Policy Group.
The fourth edition of ‘Shelter Projects’, is launched at a time when shelter is more relevant than ever as an instrument of humanitarian response. The case studies in this edition reflect the on-going challenges posed by responses to complex emergencies such as Haiti and Pakistan as well as new challenges derived from unprecedented level of population displacement in Africa, Asia and in the Middle East.
HIGHLIGHTS OF THIS ISSUE
HRF Financial Reserve increased to USD 99.78 million with additional USD 32.28 million for budget support (p.2)
HRF supports private sector development, particularly small and medium businesses (p.3)
Neighborhood Reconstruction Project relocates more than 10,000 people from « Parc Jean Marie Vincent » and « Pétion Ville club » camps (p.5)
16/6 Project has economic and social impact on communities (p.5)
la Réserve Financière du FRH passe à 99.78 millions USD, avec 32.28 millions réservés pour l’appui budgétaire (p.2)
Le FRH appuie le développement du secteur privé, en particulier les petites et moyennes entreprises (p.3)
Le Projet de Reconstruction des Quartiers Défavorisés de Port-au-Prince reloge plus de 10 000 déplacés des Camps « Parc Jean Marie Vincent » et « Pétion Ville club » (p.5)
Le 16/6 a un impact économique et social important sur les communautés (p.5)
Senior Development Officer
"Alone we can do so little; together we can do so much. —Helen Keller
Given the magnitude and complexity of the poverty challenges that our global community faces, Helen Keller’s words couldn’t ring more true.
Natural Disasters in Asia
Analyses of EM-DAT disaster statistics for the last decades provide us with insights on the trends and patterns of disaster occurrence and impact, both globally and in individual continents, regions and countries. From 2002 to 2011 worldwide, a total of 3,800 disasters killed over 1 million people, affected 2.5 billion others and caused US$ 1,453 billion of economic damages.
BANGKOK, 14 janvier 2013 (IRIN) - Les ingénieurs électriques et les spécialistes de la gestion des déchets dangereux font de plus en plus souvent partie des équipes d'intervention d'urgence. Dans un contexte de prévention et de réponse aux situations d'urgence, il est désormais tout aussi important de cartographier les réseaux électriques que les risques. #fragilecities [villes fragiles] apparaît maintenant aussi souvent que #fragilestates [États fragiles] dans les résultats des recherches sur Twitter. De la science-fiction humanitaire ? Pas du tout.
This report was prepared by World Bank and GFDRR staff, with financial support from the Japan Policy and Human Resources Development (PHRD) and guidance from the Government of Japan.The report was written to support discussion at the Sendai Dialogue – a special event on Disaster Risk Management – co-organized by the Government of Japan and the World Bank as part of the Program of the WB/IMF Annual Meetings 2012. The report will also inform the Development Committee at the Annual Meetings 2012.
The international community has become adept at responding to disasters. When a disaster hits — whether natural or as the consequence of human activity — humanitarian relief can be on the ground almost anywhere in the world in less than 24 hours. The international community has developed an elaborate network to respond to catastrophes involving the collaboration of international agencies, humanitarian relief organizations, national governments and concerned individuals.
UNDP has a presence on the ground in over 170 countries and territories and decades of concrete development experience in countries ranging from fragile States to middle-income countries like Brazil and Indonesia. This, combined with our four focus areas — poverty reduction and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); democratic governance; crisis prevention and recovery; and environment and sustainable development — make us uniquely situated and qualified to answer the UN’s call for a better and more sustainable future.
Welcome to the Forum
A quarterly publication from Habitat for Humanity International
The Forum explores issues related to housing and poverty and describes the work that Habitat for Humanity is doing around the world.
The Forum offers in-depth analysis of innovative programs that address the need for decent housing.
Current issue: Volume 19, Number 1
This edition of the Forum examines how Habitat for Humanity and its partners have approached each phase of the disaster management cycle and highlights pre-disaster risk-reduction projects.
One Little Life at a Time: Emergency Response in the Horn of Africa
In 2011, people in the Horn of Africa asked only one question: When will the rains return?
After two years of drought, 13 million people (half of them children) are still hungry and at risk of malnutrition—or worse. Families now depend on humanitarian aid to survive, many sheltered in the camps on the borders of Ethiopia and Kenya.