Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Most read reports
- IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice
- Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
- Earthquakes to Floods: A Scoping Review of Health-related Disaster Research in Low- and Middle-income Countries
- Haiti: Revised Humanitarian Response Plan (January - December 2018)
- First-class surgery for all in Tabarre hospital
Tansey CM, Pringle J, Davé A, Boulanger R, Hunt M. Earthquakes to Floods: A Scoping Review of Health-related Disaster Research in Low- and Middle-income Countries. PLOS Currents Disasters. 2018 Aug 30 . Edition 1. doi: 10.1371/currents.dis.57d98a902a326361d88d54521e68b016.
Catherine M. Tansey, John Pringle, Anushree Davé, Renaud Boulanger, Matthew Hunt
APERÇU DE LA SITUATION
Bien que la situation humanitaire en Haïti se soit améliorée après de multiples crises ces dernières années, les besoins humanitaires persistent. L’insécurité alimentaire, l’épidémie de choléra, la protection et l’intégration des personnes déplacées et retournées, les besoins non satisfaits des personnes affectées par les désastres naturels et la préparation aux désastres demeurent les problématiques humanitaires majeures du pays.
Since 2012, 60,000 Haitians from all walks of life have benefited from free, first-class surgical trauma care through MSF’s Nap Kenbé hospital in the Tabarre neighbourhood of Port-au-Prince.
Opened in response to the earthquake in 2010 and the resultant spike in acute medical needs, MSF is gradually reducing its activities in the hospital and preparing for closure by mid-2019 so as to reallocate its resources according to current needs, in Haiti or elsewhere.
Port-au-Prince - L’organisme des Nations Unies chargé des migrations en Haïti vient de terminer la construction de la première route menant à Canaan, une zone partiellement occupée par une communauté de déplacés internes qui s’est formée après le séisme de 2010. La route profitera à quelque 200 000 Haïtiens vivant actuellement à Canaan, dont la plupart n’ont aucun accès à l’électricité, aux toilettes, aux produits essentiels ou aux services de l’Etat. Cette nouvelle infrastructure facilitera l’accès à l’emploi, aux écoles et aux hôpitaux situés en dehors de la communauté.
L’Organisation internationale pour les migrations (OIM) en Haïti a achevé la construction de la première route desservant Canaan, une communauté de personnes déplacées qui s’est formée après le tremblement de terre de 2010.
Canaan est un site déboisée située à la périphérie de Port-au-Prince, la capitale du pays. La communauté est située sur une route nationale, la Route 1, entre les salines, des montagnes sèches et la plus grande usine de transformation des déchets du pays.
Port-au-Prince – IOM, the UN Migration Agency in Haiti has completed the first road to Canaan, a fringe, partial internally displaced persons community that formed after the 2010 earthquake. The road will benefit approximately 200,000 Haitians currently living in Canaan, most of them with no access to electricity, toilets, essential amenities or state services. This new infrastructure will facilitate access to jobs, schools, and hospitals located outside the community.
Conseil des droits de l’homme
18 juin-6 juillet 2018
Points 2 et 10 de l’ordre du jour
Rapport annuel du Haut-Commissaire des Nations Unies aux droits de l’homme et rapports du Haut-Commissariat et du Secrétaire général Assistance technique et renforcement des capacités
Human Rights Council
18 June–6 July 2018
Agenda items 2 and 10
Annual report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and reports of the Office of the High Commissioner and the Secretary-General Technical assistance and capacity-building
Humanitarian crises are increasingly affecting urban areas either directly, through civil conflict, hazards such as flooding or earthquakes, urban violence or outbreaks of disease, or indirectly, through hosting people fleeing these threats. The humanitarian sector has been slow to understand how the challenges and opportunities of working in urban spaces necessitate changes in how they operate. For agencies used to working in rural contexts, the dynamism of the city, with its reliance on markets, complex systems and intricate logistics, can be a daunting challenge.
New Report Looks at Past Disasters to Prepare for the Future
Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery: Are we prepared for the next Pompeii?
WASHINGTON, May 8, 2018 — The great disasters of the past – like the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD or the hurricane that devastated Santo Domingo in 1930 – can provide valuable lessons to help governments and institutions increase the resilience of communities in the face of modern challenges, such as climate change and rapid urbanization.
Haitian engineer Jac-Ssone Alerte wants to place the knowledge he acquired in Brazil—where he has lived since 2008—at the service of his country. Graduated from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), he spearheads an academic project aimed at supporting the construction of affordable housing in Haiti. To finance his project, a campaign was launched in which a book is sold to collaborators.
Posted by Alanna Mitchell on February 22, 2018
In the wake of the devastating 2010 earthquake, online opportunities are arising that could help resurrect the Caribbean nation
Haitians were already the poorest people in the Western Hemisphere when a massive earthquake struck just southwest of the capital Port-au-Prince on Jan. 12, 2010.
Le rapport complet présentant les conclusions de l’enquête interne d’Oxfam sur les accusations d’abus sexuels et d’autres comportements inacceptables lors de son intervention humanitaire au lendemain du séisme de janvier 2010 en Haïti a été rendu public aujourd’hui.
Oxfam publie ce rapport, établi en 2011, afin de faire preuve de la plus grande transparence sur les décisions prises dans le cadre de cette enquête et en réponse à la perte de confiance que celles-ci ont entraînée.
The earthquake in Haiti was a tragedy for the hundreds of thousands of children and their families who lost everything. The nation was already the poorest and most fragile in the hemisphere. It was a challenging time for aid workers who witnessed their loss and suffering, and were involved in trying to help them.
By Denis McClean
KUALA LUMPUR, 12 February 2018 - Just five months after the September earthquakes which completely destroyed 60,000 homes, more than 30,000 have been rebuilt by affected families provided with cash and technical assistance from the Mexican authorities.
In a first for Mexico, the authorities restored hope to affected communities across seven states, by issuing a total of 170,000 debit cards which allowed each family to draw up to US$8,000 to rebuild or repair their homes, in the first such experiment by the Mexican government.
Penny Mordaunt has announced a series of actions to tackle sexual exploitation in the aid sector, declaring it vital that the whole sector steps up.
Published 12 February 2018 From: Department for International Development and The Rt Hon Penny Mordaunt MP
A statement from International Development Secretary Penny Mordaunt:
“This morning I met with Mark Goldring, Chief Executive of Oxfam, and Caroline Thomson, Oxfam Chair of Trustees.
“Every building was just rubble,” recalls Airlink President & Board Chairman Robert Brown of his 2010 visit to Haiti.
Eight years ago, the 7.1-magnitude earthquake hit 15 miles from Haiti’s capital city Port-au-Prince, killing more than 100,000 people and displacing undefinedmore than a million others.
The devastating event prompted the response of countless organizations and the very first disaster response effort by Airlink.
By Mario Osava
RIO DE JANEIRO, Feb 2 2018 (IPS) - The war in Angola, the earthquake in Haiti, Venezuela’s political crisis and shortages and the political repression in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are the main driving factors behind the recent waves of immigration to Brazil.
The largest and most populous Latin American country is no longer the major recipient of immigrants that it was until the mid-twentieth century, which gave it its well-known ethnic and cultural diversity, with large European, Arab and Asian inflows.