South Asia: Earthquake - Oct 2005
A 7.6 magnitude earthquake struck south Asia on Saturday 8 Oct 2005, totally devastating parts of northern Pakistan, India and Afghanistan. The epicentre of the earthquake was located 95 kilometres northeast of the Pakistan capital Islamabad. (OCHA, 26 Oct 2014)
Approximately 75,000 people were killed, 70,000 injured, and an estimated 3.5 million people were left homeless. The earthquake response, which was led from the earliest stages of rescue and relief to the ongoing reconstruction phase by the Pakistan Army, is judged by many to have been the most effective response ever to a natural disaster of this magnitude. (Feinstein International Center, 25 Feb 2008)
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Most read reports
- Earthquakes to Floods: A Scoping Review of Health-related Disaster Research in Low- and Middle-income Countries
- The Kashmir earthquake of October 8, 2005: Impacts in Pakistan
- Pakistan: A summary report on Muzaffarabad earthquake
- Kashmir Earthquake 2005: Learning from the Shelter Response and Rural Housing Recovery
- Topic Guide: Effective Post-disaster Reconstruction Programmes, August 2016
Tansey CM, Pringle J, Davé A, Boulanger R, Hunt M. Earthquakes to Floods: A Scoping Review of Health-related Disaster Research in Low- and Middle-income Countries. PLOS Currents Disasters. 2018 Aug 30 . Edition 1. doi: 10.1371/currents.dis.57d98a902a326361d88d54521e68b016.
Catherine M. Tansey, John Pringle, Anushree Davé, Renaud Boulanger, Matthew Hunt
By Nasir Iqbal | Nisar Ahmad Khan
ISLAMABAD/ MANSEHRA: The Supreme Court was told on Wednesday that the 1,640 projects planned for the rehabilitation of the survivors of the 2005 earthquake could not be completed due to a shortage of funds.
Jennifer Bussell and Asim Fayaz
This case study discusses government capacity to prepare for and respond to natural disasters – floods, earthquakes, and heat waves – in Pakistan.
PEHLWAN/PAKISTAN, 12 May 2017
In the village of Pehlwan, in the mountains of northern Pakistan, two schools have been under construction for more than a decade since being destroyed by an earthquake. They both still lack roofs.
“There's no place for students and teachers to sit. We can teach on warm days, but not when it rains,” said Hussain Shah, a teacher. “By November, we get snow. Until April, even May, it's freezing.”
Increasing the resilience of buildings to natural hazards is essential as we strive to design more sustainable cities. Earthquakes pose considerable risks, as they have caused the highest number of casualties due to natural hazards in the last decade. During the second half of the century, more than 75 % of the total number of earthquake fatalities was caused by building collapse. However, natural hazards do not always translate to tragedy: disasters occur at the intersection of hazards and vulnerability. Preparedness and sound risk reduction policies can help to void them.
Effective post-disaster reconstruction programmes
This topic guide is a review of the state of play in post-disaster reconstruction. It builds on extensive research, literature and experience to date, most recently considering outputs from the 2015 Sendai Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). It considers the status quo and puts forward alternative positions for facilitating effective reconstruction through a more seamless and re-planned approach.
The conclusions of this publication are the following (p. 57):
ABOUT THIS ISSUE
The Paris Agreement, which was finalized at the Conference of Parties 21 (COP21) has been signed by 175 countries on April 22, 2016. This is the first step in implementing this historic agreement which seeks to limit global warming below 2oC. The ratification of this agreement, based on parliamentary discussion and approval within the signing countries would be the next step in making it come into force. Perhaps, this is the best time for nations to reflect on the best ways to implement the Paris Agreement.
by Ronak Patel and Mihir Bhatt
This publication discusses earthquake risk reduction in Pakistan and its relationship to building codes, building regulation, and structural engineering. It reviews the status of building codes and bylaws, with a focus on the 2007 Building Code of Pakistan or BCP. It also discusses earthquake risk reduction more generally, considering the status and opportunities related to building inventory, repair, loss estimation, and retrofit, especially for the existing building stock and for the many small or vernacular structures typically exempt from building bylaws.
India is highly vulnerable to natural disasters including cyclones, floods, earthquakes and drought; strengthening people’s resilience to natural disasters is an essential part of the humanitarian effort.
Three protracted crises, Jammu & Kashmir, the North-Eastern States and Naxal-affected areas in central India have created emergency needs. Years of conflict have displaced populations and left many without means to provide for themselves. Providing protection, health and nutrition remains a priority.
ISLAMABAD: Despite the billions supposedly spent on the reconstruction of areas wrecked by the Kashmir earthquake of 2005, on ground development does not reflect much improvement.
Mansehra – one of the regions worst-affected by the Oct 8 earthquake – remained a top priority for the Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority (Erra).
However, according to a recent report submitted to the Senate, of the 266 development projects conceived for Mansehra, only 153 have progressed beyond the halfway mark.
The death toll from Monday morning’s 7.5 magnitude earthquake in Afghanistan, which struck near the border with Pakistan, was revised up from 147 to more than 300. With information still coming in and many areas still inaccessible, that figure is expected to rise. According to government officials and news reports, entire villages in the worst affected of Pakistan’s provinces may have been entirely destroyed.
MANSEHRA: The quake survivors of red zone in Balakot on Saturday took to the streets in protest against delay in allotment of plots to them in the New Balakot City.
“The programme held on the 10th anniversary of Oct 2005 earthquake in Balakot by the government officials was just a photo session as survivors of the red zone are still living a miserable life and nobody is sincerely working to allot plots to the affected people at the New Balakot City (NBC),” said Mohammad Riaz, the nazim of Garlat neighbourhood council, while speaking at a protest gathering.
08 October 2015, GENEVA – The head of the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), Margareta Wahlström, today marked the anniversary of the 7.8 Pakistan earthquake which killed 19,000 schoolchildren and their teachers with a call for more countries to join the new Worldwide Initiative for Safe Schools.
Miguel Loureiro is an academic who worked extensively with aid workers and researchers from the Research & Information Systems for Earthquakes in Pakistan (Risepak) project at LUMS. Dawn asked Mr Loureiro what changes he felt had taken place in the region that experienced the 2005 earthquake and whether Pakistan was now in a better position to deal with such disasters.
Abid Bashir is an 8th grade student in a state-run boys’ high school in Batangi village, some 58 kilometres south of Muzaffarabad in district Hattian Bala. Since he can remember, he has been studying under the open sky. He is not alone; some 450 other students learn with him.
When the harshness of the weather becomes intolerable, they take shelter beneath tattered tents, which make up their “school building”.
It was Oct 10, 2005 — two days after the earthquake struck — when I reached Manshera with the relief team of the Pakistan Medical Association.
Our first stop was the Kid’s Blood Disease Organisation (KBDO) hospital at Shahnawaz Chowk in Mansehra. There were anaesthetists, gynaecologists, orthopaedic surgeons, general surgeons, physicians and voluntary medical students in our team. Landing at the Islamabad airport, we took a wagon to reach Mansehra, along with the volunteers of the Taraqi Foundation.
Habib Mughal, Sheikh Ahsan Ahmed, Hamid Mumtaz, Babar Tanwir, Sumera Bilal, Maggie Stephenson
In October 2005 the Kashmir earthquake left over 75,000 people dead and 3.5 million homeless, just before winter on the foot of the Himalayas from low to high altitude.
The shelter response ensured no further loss of life, no large scale displacement and maximum assistance at origin. The rural housing reconstruction programme results include 611,000 houses repaired and reconstructed within 4 years and over 90% compliant with safer standards.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Pakistan is one of the most disaster prone countries in South Asia. The country has suffered approximately $18 billion in damages and losses from natural disasters over the past decade. The 2005 earthquake still resonates in our minds every time a new earthquake is felt. The floods of 2010, and annual recurring floods ever since, continue to remind us of the impacts of climate change.