Niger: Cholera Outbreak - Aug 2021

Disaster description

As of 16 August 2021, some 845 suspected cases of cholera and 35 related deaths had been reported in the country, according to the Niger Ministry of Health. (UNICEF, 20 Aug 2021)

During a press conference held on 9 August 2021, the Minister of Public Health of Niger officially declared the Cholera epidemic outbreak in the country. As of 16 August 2021, Niger recorded 845 confirmed cases with 35 deaths. Initially located in two regions of the country, (Zinder and Maradi) and National Society’s response was being supported through the regular IFRC’s Country Support Platform (CSP) project with the Global Taskforce on Cholera Control (GTFCC). Unfortunately, the epidemic spread rapidly and by 24 August 2021, the number of confirmed cases had increased to 1,904 with 70 deaths (4% lethality rate). In addition, the scope of the outbreak spread significantly, from two regions to six regions by 24 August, including Maradi, Zinder, Tahoua, Dosso, Niamey and Tillabery. A total of 23 Health districts in these regions have so far reported cases out of which 18 are already managing confirmed cases. Below is a summary presentation of data as of 24 August. (IFRC, 4 Sep 2021)

Niger has also been dealing with a cholera epidemic, which is affecting six out of the eight regions in the country. Some 4,907 cholera cases have been recorded countrywide, including 153 deaths. About 55 per cent of the cases are female. (OCHA, 29 Sep 2021)

On 2 October, 16 suspected cholera cases were registered in Diffa region, in the southeast of the country, where no cases had been reported yet since the epidemic was declared on 9 August. With the start of the school year, the Komadougou river rising waters, and the ongoing population displacements, humanitarian actors in Diffa fear large-scale contamination. Humanitarian organizations are mobilizing to provide medical care, disinfection of water points, and awareness-raising activities. As of 27 September, 5,070 people across six of the country’s eight regions have fallen ill and 154 have died, with a three per cent fatality rate, higher than the common one per cent rate. (OCHA, 7 Oct 2021)

On 9 August, the Niger Minister of Public Health declared a cholera epidemic. As of today, cholera has killed 156 persons and infected about 5,400 in Niger, with a case fatality rate of 2.9 per cent. Cholera was first reported in the Maradi region, on the borders with Nigeria, and was linked to the outbreak in northern Nigeria. (OCHA, 24 Nov 2021)

As of 28 November 2021, a total of 5,572 cases and 166 deaths have been recorded, with a 3% lethality rate. At this stage of the outbreak, Niger, across all eight regions, around 2 new cases daily. (IFRC, 13 Dec 2021)

Since the publication of Operational Update 1 on 13 December 2021, no new cholera cases have been reported and the cholera outbreak is over. (IFRC, 21 Jan 2022)

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