Sudan: Rift Valley Fever Outbreak - Oct 2019Ongoing
On 10 October 2019, the National IHR Focal Point for Sudan notified WHO of 47 suspected cases of Rift Valley Fever (RVF), including two deaths in Arb’aat Area, Towashan Village, in El Qaneb locality, Red Sea State...On 13 October 2019, a total of 10 suspected RVF cases were recorded in Barbar and Abu Hamed localities, of River Nile State. Of the 10 suspected RVF cases, five samples were tested and four were found positive for RVF. From 19 September 2019 until 11 November 2019, a total of 293 suspected human RVF cases, including 11 associated deaths have been reported from six states; including the Red Sea (120), River Nile (168), Kassala (2), White Nile (1), Khartoum (1), and Al Qadarif (1) States...The recent floods, following heavy rains on 13 August 2019, caused flash floods in 17 of the 18 states, including Abyei area in West Kordofan State. These floods have favored vector abundance, distribution, and longevity. The current RVF outbreak started on 19 September 2019 and has affected six states impacted by the floods...In a country where export of livestock is one of the major sources of the national income, the current RVF outbreak, in the context of political unrest and a debilitated health system requires an urgent need for external assistance. (WHO, 14 Nov 2019)
The Sudanese Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) has announced an outbreak of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) in the country, with a total of 308 suspected RVF cases—including 11 related deaths—reported in Red Sea (126), River Nile (177), Khartoum (1), White Nile (1), Kassala (2), and Gedaref (1) states. The most affected age group is 15 to 45 years, which accounts for 83 per cent of the total suspected cases. The male to female ratio is 2.6, with a high proportion of the cases being farmers (37.5 per cent) (OCHA, 21 Nov 2019.)
The Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) of Sudan reported 28 new cases of Rift Valley fever (RVF) during epidemiological week 50 (8–14 December) of 2019. The cumulative number of reported cases since week 31 (28 July–5 August) this year is 393 including 11 associated deaths, giving CFR of 2.7%. The attack rate was 0.2 per 10 000 population. Among all reported cases, 57% were male and 87.1% were older than 15 years. The most affected age group were 45 years and above, which accounted for 29.3% of all cases. (WHO, 17 Dec 2019.)
Most read reports
- OCHA: Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan (January 2020). 12 Jan 2020
- OCHA: Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview 2020 (January 2020). 8 Jan 2020
- OCHA: Sudan Situation Report, 16 Jan 2020 [EN/AR]. 16 Jan 2020
- OCHA: Sudan Situation Report, 9 Jan 2020 [EN/AR]. 9 Jan 2020
- OCHA: Sudan Situation Report, 6 Jan 2020 [EN/AR]. 6 Jan 2020
Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SHF) allocation allows for the scale up of cholera vigilance in Khartoum State.
Final phase of the yellow fever vaccination campaign launched in Khartoum State targeting 7.5 million people
In 2019, over 426,000 people have been affected by heavy rains and flash floods across the country.
Cholera (335 cases), dengue (1,901 cases), rift valley fever (299 cases), and chikungunya (83 cases) continue to be reported across the country.
On 10 October 2019, the National IHR Focal Point for Sudan notified WHO of 47 suspected cases of Rift Valley Fever (RVF), including two deaths in Arb’aat Area, Towashan Village, in El Qaneb locality, Red Sea State. The suspected cases presented with high-grade fever, headaches, joint pain, vomiting. There were no hemorrhagic signs or symptoms observed. The first case presented to the health facility on 19 September 2019.
Sudan has been facing various disease outbreaks in the past months, including cholera, dengue fever, Rift Valley fever (RVF), chikungunya, and malaria. The government and humanitarian partners actively responded to the outbreaks, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reports. Most complaints reaching Radio Dabanga come from the western and eastern parts of the country.
Heavy rainfall and flooding have impacted swathes of eastern Africa since July and intensified in October, affecting at least 2.5 million people and causing displacement and loss of property, crops and livestock. The unusually heavy rains have primarily been driven by the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), which is in its strongest positive state since 2006, according to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Climate Centre.
Sudan completes the first round of an oral cholera vaccination (OCV) campaign in Blue Nile and Sennar states.
In the first ten months of 2019, OCHA Sudan processed US$75 million through the CERF and the SHF, assisting thousands of people across the country.
Sudan Federal Ministry of Health reports 332 cholera cases; 888 dengue fever cases; 248 rift valley fever cases; and 56 chikungunya cases in the country as of 30 October 2019.
Current major event
Rift Valley fever Sudan
The Federal Ministry of Health, Republic of Sudan has recently declared an outbreak of human Rift Valley Fever (RVF) in Red Sea State that started from September 24, 2019. Cases are now also being reported from River Nile and Khartoum states. A total 213 suspected cases, as well as six associated deaths have been reported till October 25, 2019. The outbreak has been laboratory-confirmed with 26 samples out of 29 collected testing positive for RVF.