Sudan: Rift Valley Fever Outbreak - Oct 2019Ongoing
On 10 October 2019, the National IHR Focal Point for Sudan notified WHO of 47 suspected cases of Rift Valley Fever (RVF), including two deaths in Arb’aat Area, Towashan Village, in El Qaneb locality, Red Sea State...On 13 October 2019, a total of 10 suspected RVF cases were recorded in Barbar and Abu Hamed localities, of River Nile State. Of the 10 suspected RVF cases, five samples were tested and four were found positive for RVF. From 19 September 2019 until 11 November 2019, a total of 293 suspected human RVF cases, including 11 associated deaths have been reported from six states; including the Red Sea (120), River Nile (168), Kassala (2), White Nile (1), Khartoum (1), and Al Qadarif (1) States...The recent floods, following heavy rains on 13 August 2019, caused flash floods in 17 of the 18 states, including Abyei area in West Kordofan State. These floods have favored vector abundance, distribution, and longevity. The current RVF outbreak started on 19 September 2019 and has affected six states impacted by the floods...In a country where export of livestock is one of the major sources of the national income, the current RVF outbreak, in the context of political unrest and a debilitated health system requires an urgent need for external assistance. (WHO, 14 Nov 2019)
The Sudanese Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) has announced an outbreak of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) in the country, with a total of 308 suspected RVF cases—including 11 related deaths—reported in Red Sea (126), River Nile (177), Khartoum (1), White Nile (1), Kassala (2), and Gedaref (1) states. The most affected age group is 15 to 45 years, which accounts for 83 per cent of the total suspected cases. The male to female ratio is 2.6, with a high proportion of the cases being farmers (37.5 per cent) (OCHA, 21 Nov 2019.)
Most read reports
- OCHA: Sudan Situation Report, 12 Dec 2019 [EN/AR]. 12 Dec 2019
- WHO: Outbreak update – Rift Valley fever in Sudan, 7 December 2019. 12 Dec 2019
- OCHA: Sudan Situation Report, 21 Nov 2019 [EN/AR]. 21 Nov 2019
- OCHA: Sudan Situation Report, 5 Dec 2019 [EN/AR]. 28 Nov 2019
- OCHA: Eastern Africa Region: Regional Flood Snapshot. 4 Nov 2019
In 2019 malaria breached the epidemic threshold accounting for 12.4 per cent of all diseases surveyed by health partners.
Eastern Sudan has high humanitarian needs particularly in nutrition, health and protection.
Cholera (344 cases), dengue (3,974 cases), rift valley fever (368 cases), and chikungunya (238 cases) reported across the country as of 11 December 2019
See the latest infographic showing who is doing what where (3W) in Kassala State.
9 December 2019 – The Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) of Sudan reported 15 new cases of Rift Valley fever (RVF) during epidemiological week 49 (1–7 December) of 2019. The cumulative number of reported cases since week 31 (28 July–5 August) this year is 365 including 11 associated deaths, giving a case fatality rate of 3.0%. The attack rate was 0.8 per 10 000 population. Among all reported cases, 57% were male and 87.1% were older than 15 years. The most affected age group were 45 years and above, which accounted for 29.3% of all cases.
In Sudan, 9.3 million people—nearly one in four—will need assistance in 2020 according to the newly launch Global Humanitarian Overview
IOM registers 14,500 IDPs and 111,500 returnees across the country in January-September 2019
Over 50 national NGOs de-registered in Sudan
More suspected cases of diphtheria, dengue fever, Rift Valley fever (RVF) and chikungunya were reported across the country
In the first eleven months of 2019, OCHA Sudan processed US$101.5 million, through its pooled funds the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) and the Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SHF).
These funds helped humanitarian partners in Sudan respond to humanitarian needs in the country. By leveraging their comparative advantages – such as CERF’s disbursement speed and SHF’s direct funding for NonGovernmental Organizations (NGOs) – the humanitarian community rapidly scaled up humanitarian action and was able to deliver an effective collective response
UN Humanitarian Chief calls on the international community to scale up humanitarian support to Sudan.
Sudan launches the 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence Campaign
Improved security is encouraging thousands of people residing in non-government controlled areas in South Kordofan to seek services in government areas.
See the latest Sudan infographics: Sudan Humanitarian Snapshot and Cholera Outbreak Snapshot
16 days of activism against gender-based violence
On Wednesday, North Darfur health authorities reported that 23 people died of malaria and four of dengue fever during the past week, stressing that the state has never seen such epidemics before. The federal Minister of Health announced an emergency plan to contain the spread of diseases in the region.
According to Maj Gen Malik El Tayeb, Acting Governor of North Darfur, the state is suffering from a major shortage of medical and technical personnel. He told reporters on Wednesday that 23 malaria patients and four dengue fever patients died the past week.
A total 319 suspected Rift Valley Fever cases have been reported in Sudan, with the most affected age group between 15 to 45 years, 83 per cent of the total suspected cases.
Prices of cereals are still at record or near record levels despite the above-average 2018 harvest and overall favourable prospects for the current 2019-2020 crop harvest.
So far in 2019, OCHA Sudan distributed US$101.5 million through the CERF and the SHF, assisting about 8.5 million people across the country.
Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SHF) allocation allows for the scale up of cholera vigilance in Khartoum State.
Final phase of the yellow fever vaccination campaign launched in Khartoum State targeting 7.5 million people
In 2019, over 426,000 people have been affected by heavy rains and flash floods across the country.
Cholera (335 cases), dengue (1,901 cases), rift valley fever (299 cases), and chikungunya (83 cases) continue to be reported across the country.
On 10 October 2019, the National IHR Focal Point for Sudan notified WHO of 47 suspected cases of Rift Valley Fever (RVF), including two deaths in Arb’aat Area, Towashan Village, in El Qaneb locality, Red Sea State. The suspected cases presented with high-grade fever, headaches, joint pain, vomiting. There were no hemorrhagic signs or symptoms observed. The first case presented to the health facility on 19 September 2019.
Sudan has been facing various disease outbreaks in the past months, including cholera, dengue fever, Rift Valley fever (RVF), chikungunya, and malaria. The government and humanitarian partners actively responded to the outbreaks, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reports. Most complaints reaching Radio Dabanga come from the western and eastern parts of the country.
Heavy rainfall and flooding have impacted swathes of eastern Africa since July and intensified in October, affecting at least 2.5 million people and causing displacement and loss of property, crops and livestock. The unusually heavy rains have primarily been driven by the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), which is in its strongest positive state since 2006, according to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Climate Centre.
Sudan completes the first round of an oral cholera vaccination (OCV) campaign in Blue Nile and Sennar states.
In the first ten months of 2019, OCHA Sudan processed US$75 million through the CERF and the SHF, assisting thousands of people across the country.
Sudan Federal Ministry of Health reports 332 cholera cases; 888 dengue fever cases; 248 rift valley fever cases; and 56 chikungunya cases in the country as of 30 October 2019.
Current major event
Rift Valley fever Sudan
The Federal Ministry of Health, Republic of Sudan has recently declared an outbreak of human Rift Valley Fever (RVF) in Red Sea State that started from September 24, 2019. Cases are now also being reported from River Nile and Khartoum states. A total 213 suspected cases, as well as six associated deaths have been reported till October 25, 2019. The outbreak has been laboratory-confirmed with 26 samples out of 29 collected testing positive for RVF.