Pakistan: Dengue Outbreak - Sep 2019

Disaster description

A total of 19,296 dengue positive cases have been confirmed as of 2 October 2019 and more than 30 deaths were reported in September, based on government reports. Approximately 9,403 cases were reported during the first half of September across the country, out of which 4,077 cases (51 per cent) were reported in Rawalpindi and Islamabad city. (IFRC, 11 Oct 2019)

As of early November, more than 45,000 people in Pakistan have been infected with the dengue virus in 2019. The health ministry has launched an extensive community awareness campaign targeting more than 28,800 households in the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, where dengue cases are most concentrated. The campaign has set up mobile medical camps in various neighbourhoods, distributed mosquito nets and insect repellents to residents, and provided free clinical services to more than 20,000 dengue patients. The government has set up a special task force to lead response activities across the country, with the support of the National Institute of Health, which is providing technical assistance and laboratory services to ascertain the dengue virus serotypes circulating in the various geographical zones. (WHO, 14 Nov 2019)

From 8 July to 12 November 2019, a total of 47,120 confirmed cases of dengue fever, including 75 deaths, were reported from the provinces (KP, Punjab, Balochistan, and Sindh), Islamabad, and AJK. Almost 30 percent of these cases were found in the Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT), which is currently the largest concentration of dengue cases. Sindh has seen the most fatalities from dengue, with over 30 recorded deaths. (WHO, 19 Nov 2019)

While the rate of reported dengue cases is declining, the Ministry of National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination (MNHSR&C) of Pakistan reported 998 new cases of dengue fever between 25 November and 1 December. Almost 80 percent were reported from Sindh. Within Sindh itself, approximately 95 percent of cases manifested in Karachi alone. The total number of reported dengue cases this year is 52, 485 which includes more than 90 mortalities. (WHO, 3 Dec 2019).

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