Philippines: Polio Outbreak - Sep 2019Ongoing
On 14 September 2019, VDPV2 was confirmed in one three-year-old child with Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) symptoms, from Lanao del Sur (Mindanao). The isolated VDPV2 was found to be genetically linked to the 2 confirmed VDPV2 environmental samples. As a result, VDPV2 was classified as circulating (cVDPV2). On 19 September 2019, the Department of Health (DOH) confirmed the re-emergence of polio in the Philippines and declared a national polio outbreak, in line with International Health Regulations (IHR). Synchronized polio vaccination conducted in Manila in response to the 1st confirmed VDPV1 samples only reached 53.8% of the target number of children aged 0 to 59 months. (WHO/UNICEF, 19 Sep 2019)
On 19 September, the second VDPV2 case was confirmed in a 5-year-old boy from Laguna Province, approximately 100 km south-east of Metro Manila. Investigations and further characterization of the virus are ongoing. In addition, VDPV1 has also been isolated from environmental samples collected on 1 July, 22 July, 13 August, and 27 August from Manila. WHO currently assesses the risk of international spread from the Philippines to be low. However, the risk of further spread within the Philippines is high due to limited population immunity (coverage of bivalent oral polio vaccine (OPV) and inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) was at 66% and 41% respectively in 2018) and suboptimal AFP surveillance. (WHO, 24 Sep 2019)
The re-emergence of the disease comes almost 20 years since the Philippines was declared polio-free in 2000. The last known case of wild poliovirus recorded in the Philippines was in 1993. (IFRC, 28 Sep 2019)
DOH is planning 3 vaccination rounds targeting 6,650,308 under-five children with monovalent Oral Polio Vaccine against poliovirus type 2 (mOPV2) in affected areas...DOH is planning 2 vaccination rounds targeting 2,553,262 under-five children with bivalent Oral Polio Vaccine (bOPV) in the National Capital Region (NCR). Enhanced routine immunization with 3 doses of bOPV as well as inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) nationwide is ongoing. (WHO/UNICEF, 9 Oct 2019)
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
- UNICEF: WHO and UNICEF back the Department of Health in vaccinating 1.8 million children against polio. 14 Oct 2019
- UNICEF: UNICEF-WHO Philippines: Polio Outbreak Situation Report #4 (17 October 2019). 17 Oct 2019
- WHO: Polio outbreak – The Philippines: Disease outbreak news, 24 September 2019. 24 Sep 2019
- UNICEF: UNICEF-WHO Philippines: Polio Outbreak Situation Report #3 (8 October 2019). 8 Oct 2019
- Govt. Philippines: Philippines: Polio comeback due to poor sanitation, low vaccination turnout. 13 Oct 2019
- Preparations for World Polio Day taking place next week on 24 October are in full swing. On that day, the Global Commission for the Certification of Poliomyelitis Eradication (GCC) is expected to declare poliovirus type 3 (WPV3) as globally eradicated. The event will be broadcast on the internet.
Synchronized polio vaccination campaigns were kicked off on Monday 14 October in National Capital Region (NCR), Davao City, Davao del Sur, and Lanao del Sur including Marawi City in response to a polio outbreak declared by the Philippines Department of Health (DOH) on 19 September 2019.
Current campaign in NCR to vaccinate almost 1.3 million children under 5 and over 400,000 in Mindanao on 14-27 October.
No further cases have been confirmed
By Susan G. De Leon
QUEZON CITY, Oct. 17 (PIA)--Aiming to vaccinate around 274,785 children below five years old, the Quezon City government thru its City Health Office embarked on an intensified door-to-door drive against polio.
On Monday, October 14, Quezon City Mayor Joy Belmonte, launched the "Sabayang Patak Kontra Polio" program in line with the Department of Health’s (DOH) national immunization campaign against polio.
Armed with service kits and vaccines, volunteers of the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) braved the heat of the sun and conducted door-to-door vaccination for children ages 0 to 5. PRC, through its chapters from NCR (Manila, Pasay, Quezon City, Marikina, Caloocan, Navotas, Valenzuela, Taguig, Muntinlupa and Las Piñas) and Mindanao (Davao City, Davao del Sur and Lanao del Sur) joined the Sabayang Patak Kontra Polio campaign of the Department of Health (DOH) which kicked off on October 14.
Press Release/14 October 2019
Health Secretary Francisco Duque III today led the Synchronized Polio Vaccination in Lanao del Sur and other areas in Mindanao, as part of the Department of Health’s (DOH) “Sabayang Patak kontra Polio.”
Polio is a highly contagious disease transmitted through the fecal-oral route. It is caused by the poliovirus and may result in life-long paralysis and even death. But it is vaccine-preventable.
On 19 September, the Philippine Department of Health (DOH) declared a national outbreak of polio following the confirmation of a polio case reported in Lanao del Sur province (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao). As of 8 October 2019, there are two confirmed polio case after a second child from Laguna province (Calabarzon region) has been diagnosed with polio. In both cases the outbreak was caused by infection with a circulating vaccine-derived polio type 2 (cVDPV2).
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) are supporting the Philippine Department of Health (DOH) in the synchronized polio vaccination campaign launched on 14 October in Metro Manila, Davao City and Marawi City. This round of the immunization campaign, which will last until October 27, aims to cover around 1.8 million children under 5 years old in the three areas as well as in Davao del Sur and Lanao del Sur.
MANILA, Philippines, 14 October 2019 – The World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) are supporting the Philippine Department of Health (DOH) in the synchronized polio vaccination campaign launched today in Metro Manila, Davao City and Marawi City. The immunization campaign that started on October 14 will continue until October 27. The campaign aims to cover around 1.8 million children under 5 years old in the three areas as well as in Davao del Sur and Lanao del Sur.
By Joey Dalumpines
DAVAO CITY, Oct. 10 (PIA) - The City Health Office attributed the resurgence of the polio virus on dirty environment and low turnout in the immunization.
In an interview at the Information Speak, Dr. Julinda Acosta, chief of the Technical Division of the CHO said the revival of type 2 polio virus is due to the poor environmental sanitation in the city and the low coverage of immunization since 2014.
She said many residents along the riverbanks do not have toilets.
Community and Family Services International (CFSI) participates in the mass polio immunization campaign in the Islamic City of Marawi, and in the municipalities of Lanao del Sur, where one case of polio was confirmed last month.
By Joey Dalumpines
DAVAO CITY, Oct. 8 (PIA)- City Health Officer Josephine Villafuerte announced the conduct of an anti-polio vaccination drive in Davao City on October 14, 2019.
She said that while a relaunch of the vaccination program will be done in Barangay 5-A, Bangkerohan, the vaccination will also start in all places of convergence and will go on for two weeks.
Villafuerte said many of the health workers will go on house-to-house vaccination while others will be in health centers, malls, terminals and other strategic areas.
On 19 September 2019, the Philippines Department of Health (DOH) declared a polio outbreak after 2 confirmed polio cases of vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (VDPV2). Environmental samples taken from Manila and Davao tested positive for both VDPV2 (2), as well as for VDPV1 (5).
Circulating VDPV2 (cVDPV2) is highly contagious and expected to spread rapidly due to low level of population immunity against poliovirus type 2.
cVDPV2 is considered a public health emergency.
By Daniel B. Codamon
LAGAWE, Ifugao, Oct. 3 (PIA)- -Health workers in the province led by their respective municipal health officers are exerting relentless efforts in conducting aggressive information and education campaign (IEC) to convince the people to let their children be immunized to protect them from vaccine- preventable diseases.
Simultaneous with the IEC is the vaccination of children in the different schools, day care centers and barangays since the month of July this year.
Manila/Kuala Lumpur/Geneva 2 October 2019 - Polio has made an alarming come-back after officially being eradicated 19 years ago in the Philippines. The Philippine Red Cross and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) are scaling up to help contain the highly infectious virus.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
By Frances Mae Macapagat
DAVAO CITY, Sept. 30 (PIA) – About 259,000 children are targeted to avail the free polio vaccination initiated by the Department of Health (DOH) for its first round of vaccination from October 14 to 27, 2019 in the entire Davao City and Davao del Sur.
Regional director of DOH Davao Region Dr. Annabel Yumang announced in a press briefing held earlier today that the department is set to hold a door-to-door, fixed location, or even a mall-based vaccination for children aged 0 to 59 months regardless of immunization status.
On 19 September 2019, the Philippines Department of Health (DOH) declared a polio outbreak after 2 confirmed polio cases of vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (VDPV2). Environmental samples taken from Manila and Davao also tested positive for VDPV2, as well as for VDPV1.
Because circulating VDPV2 (cVDPV2) is highly contagious and expected to spread rapidly among unvaccinated children, cVDPV2 response is being prioritized over response to VDPV1.
By Myra Cel L. Espinosa
ZAMBOANGA CITY, Sep. 24 (PIA) – The Department of Health (DOH) is urging parents to have their children vaccinated against polio, as two confirmed cases have already been reported in the Philippines this year.
Senator Richard J. Gordon, Chairman and CEO of the Philippine Red Cross, instructed all Red Cross chapters to coordinate with the Department of Health (DOH) and local health officials and provide full support of volunteers for mass immunization with oral polio vaccine.
This is in response to DOH’s declaration of a polio outbreak in the country, after a 19-year absence of the said poliovirus.
Press Release/20 September 2019
The Department of Health (DOH) today announced the confirmation of another polio case, a five (5) year-old boy from Laguna, after samples sent to the Japan National Institute for Infectious Diseases turned positive for the polio virus.
This is the second human case of polio recorded this year. The first was a three (3) year-old girl from Lanao del Sur.