Mozambique: Cholera Outbreak - Mar 2019Alert
On 27 March, the Government confirmed five cases of cholera at Munhava health centre in Beira City, according to the National Director of Medical Assistance, Ussene Isse. The authorities also reported some 2,500 cases of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Beira district. A total of 900,000 cholera vaccine doses are expected to arrive in Mozambique by 1 April and micro-planning for the vaccination campaign is underway. (OCHA, 27 Mar 2019)
The Ministry of Health declared an outbreak of cholera this week with cases reported in Beira and Nhamatanda. To date, a total of 517 cholera suspected cases and one death had been reported in Beira and Nhamatanda. Investigations are ongoing to confirm the outbreak by culture and to undertake source finding investigations. In addition to the suspected cholera cases there are an increasing number of acute watery diarrhoea and malaria cases being reported in the cyclone and flood affected areas. A total of 535 diarrhoea cases were reported in Beira City (300), Dondo (200) and Nhamtanda and a total of 276 cases of malaria were reported in Beira City (101), Dondo (152) and Nhamtanda (23) as of 30 March 2019. (WHO, 31 Mar 2019)
As of this week, 500 beds are now open in seven cholera treatment centres across the affected area, with plans to boost the capacity significantly to cope with an expected increase in cases. WHO is training 30 health workers on case management for cholera and on setting and monitoring standards and protocols in those centres. More than 900 000 doses of oral cholera vaccine from the global stockpile for emergency use are due to arrive in Beira tomorrow (Tuesday 2 April), and the Government and partners, including UNICEF, [IFRC], [MSF] and Save the Children, are working around the clock to start the vaccination campaign on Wednesday, 3 April. As of 1 April, a total of 1052 cases of cholera have been reported by the Ministry of Health, and more are expected due to the increasing numbers of people coming to health centres with acute watery diarrhoea. (WHO, 2 Apr 2019)
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Most read reports
- OCHA: Mozambique: Cyclone Idai & Floods Situation Report No. 14 (as of 15 April 2019). 16 Apr 2019
- IFRC: Infographic: Marking one month after Cyclone Idai in Mozambique. 17 Apr 2019
- WFP: World Food Programme reaches 1 million flood-affected people in Mozambique. 16 Apr 2019
- WHO: Disease detection in a box – a high-tech solution for emergency settings. 16 Apr 2019
- MSF: MSF emergency response to Cyclone Idai and flooding. 17 Apr 2019
Beira — Work was nearly completed this week to allow displaced Mozambicans in this ravaged coastal city to shelter in two new sites. This work is being carried out thanks to assistance from the International Organization for Migration's (IOM) local and global partners — including government and humanitarian donors from Italy, Turkey and Brazil — under the leadership of the national disaster management authorities.
Beira/Maputo - The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) today welcomed a European Union contribution of €1 million support of the WFP-led global Logistics Cluster’s work on behalf the humanitarian community to bring emergency relief to the people of Mozambique in the aftermath of Cyclone Idai and subsequent flooding.
This Situation Report is produced by OCHA Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The Situation Report builds on Flash Updates #1 through #15 and provides more detailed information on the situation and response by sector. The next report will be issued on 4 April 2019.
• More than 198,300 houses were reportedly destroyed as of 3 April; an increase of more than 86,000 houses since 2 April, according to the authorities.
An estimated 6,013 babies are due to be born this month, or 194 a day, in areas ravaged by Cyclone Idai in Mozambique and are at increased risk of being affected by cholera and malaria, Save the Children warned today. Babies are particularly susceptible to cholera, pregnant women who contract cholera have an increased risk of still birth, and pregnant women who contract malaria have increased risk of low birth weight babies.
Mozambique Health Cluster is supporting 39 Partners who are reporting activities covering 11 provinces. Work is predominantly in Sofala.
Initial information indicates more than 1million beneficiaries will be reached through current activities.
Cholera vaccination campaign commenced 4 April with initial reports stating good access to the targeted population.
Written by Erik Nyström, Finn Church Aid
Beira, Mozambique – Jacinta Francisco, 40, is from Beira and has five children. We meet Jacinta and her children at a temporary shelter set up in Muavi 1 Primary School. The school was damaged by cyclone Idai almost two weeks ago, and it now serves as a shelter for the most vulnerable families.
Before the storm, 2500 pupils attend the school, it is now closed because of the damages.
New Zealand’s aid agencies are urgently responding to the Mozambique crisis, following the devastation caused by Cyclone Idai.
Cyclone Idai made landfall during the night of 14th March in Mozambique, before also hitting neighbouring Zimbabwe and Malawi, causing flooding in an area of 3,000 sq km. It is the worst weather-related disaster to hit the Southern Hemisphere in recent history, with 1.7 million people within the cyclone path through Mozambique, and another 920,000 in affected neighbouring countries.
International aid agency Oxfam says the Mozambique government is acting quickly to set up cholera treatment centres in the devastated city of Beira, but the international community must offer more cash in support – the $281m UN appeal is only 17% funded so far.
The threat of a cholera epidemic is high. The first fatality has been confirmed and the number of cases is soaring, now over 1,000. The government is starting oral vaccinations to 900,000 people today.
USG announces nearly $33 million in additional funding for the Tropical Cyclone Idai response
USAID/FFP partner WFP provides food assistance to 350,000 people in Mozambique
USAID staff assess affected areas in Zimbabwe
Government of Malawi launches response plan requesting $45.2 million to respond to flooding
Aid workers responding to Cyclone Idai in Mozambique are racing to prevent a second humanitarian crisis with more than 1,000 survivors now confirmed to have cholera.
In the last several days cholera cases have been doubling every day. So far one person has died. The international community is now focused on preventing its spread, with cases spiking in Beira, a city of more than 500,000 people. Beira is responsible for the vast number of the current 1,052 cholera cases.
•The Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC) Services for Communities (S4C) advisor attended a Protection Cluster meeting in Maputo to finalize plans for establishing a commoninter-agency call centre.
•To date,1,044 humanitarians at the Emergency Operations Centre (EOC)in Beira are registered to access ETC Internet connectivity to enable them to do their work.
• ETC partners, Ericsson Response, Government of Luxembourg and Télecoms Sans Frontières (TSF) have established Internet connectivity services in 15x sites.
131,136 persons Displaced across 136 evacuation sites as reported by INGC
16,875 persons Reported across 26 out of 136 evacuation sites in Beira by IOM-DTM (8 sites closed; 2 new sites opened)
23,490 persons Provided with shelter assistance in Beira and affected areas (4,698 HHs)
Following Cyclone Idai devastation, nearly 900 000 people will receive the vaccine from the Gavi-funded stockpile.
An oral cholera vaccination campaign to protect survivors of Cyclone Idai begins today in Beira, Mozambique. Funded by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, the campaign will be carried out by the Mozambique Ministry of Health, with support from WHO and other partners, including UNICEF, the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and Save the Children.
Cut off by flood damage, residents of Buzi in Mozambique remain in desperate need of supplies before they can turn to rebuilding their lives.
By Charlie Yaxley, Peter Holmes à Court and Vania Turner in Buzi, Mozambique | 03 April 2019
Beira - Some 715 families displaced by Cyclone Idai have been transferred from Agostinho Neto Complete Primary School centre to "Picoco" camp, built by the Angolan Mission soldiers, outskirts of Beira International Airport in Mozambique.
Angola's assistance to the Cyclone victims includes medical care and lectures on health promotion.
Emergency measures are being taken to contain cholera and other endemics, said an Angolan physician, Ntuma Mendes.
UNFPA has successfully positioned more than US$600,000, including pre-existing CERFapproved funds for food insecurity in the region.
Nearly 3 million people have been affected by flooding, among them more than 600,000 women of reproductive age, 70,000 pregnant women and 75,000 women who are HIV positive.
More than 2,500 cases of acute diarrhea and 5 cases of cholera have been confirmed.
On 27 March, IOM’s Chief of Mission joined a UNICEF visit to affected areas with Graca Machel, the UN Humanitarian Coordinator and the UNICEF Regional Director to meet with senior government response leadership to review ongoing humanitarian operations.
IOM has received and distributed in-kind shelter contributions and related equipment from UKAID, the Swiss Development Cooperation Agency, the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation and USAID over the past 2 weeks.