Mozambique: Cholera Outbreak - Mar 2019Alert
On 27 March, the Government confirmed five cases of cholera at Munhava health centre in Beira City, according to the National Director of Medical Assistance, Ussene Isse. The authorities also reported some 2,500 cases of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Beira district. A total of 900,000 cholera vaccine doses are expected to arrive in Mozambique by 1 April and micro-planning for the vaccination campaign is underway. (OCHA, 27 Mar 2019)
The Ministry of Health declared an outbreak of cholera this week with cases reported in Beira and Nhamatanda. To date, a total of 517 cholera suspected cases and one death had been reported in Beira and Nhamatanda. Investigations are ongoing to confirm the outbreak by culture and to undertake source finding investigations. In addition to the suspected cholera cases there are an increasing number of acute watery diarrhoea and malaria cases being reported in the cyclone and flood affected areas. A total of 535 diarrhoea cases were reported in Beira City (300), Dondo (200) and Nhamtanda and a total of 276 cases of malaria were reported in Beira City (101), Dondo (152) and Nhamtanda (23) as of 30 March 2019. (WHO, 31 Mar 2019)
As of this week, 500 beds are now open in seven cholera treatment centres across the affected area, with plans to boost the capacity significantly to cope with an expected increase in cases. WHO is training 30 health workers on case management for cholera and on setting and monitoring standards and protocols in those centres. More than 900 000 doses of oral cholera vaccine from the global stockpile for emergency use are due to arrive in Beira tomorrow (Tuesday 2 April), and the Government and partners, including UNICEF, [IFRC], [MSF] and Save the Children, are working around the clock to start the vaccination campaign on Wednesday, 3 April. As of 1 April, a total of 1052 cases of cholera have been reported by the Ministry of Health, and more are expected due to the increasing numbers of people coming to health centres with acute watery diarrhoea. (WHO, 2 Apr 2019)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- OCHA: Mozambique: Cyclone Idai & Floods Situation Report No. 14 (as of 15 April 2019). 16 Apr 2019
- IFRC: Infographic: Marking one month after Cyclone Idai in Mozambique. 17 Apr 2019
- WFP: World Food Programme reaches 1 million flood-affected people in Mozambique. 16 Apr 2019
- WHO: Disease detection in a box – a high-tech solution for emergency settings. 16 Apr 2019
- MSF: MSF emergency response to Cyclone Idai and flooding. 17 Apr 2019
From the 10th to the 23rd of March, the Central region of Mozambique was hitted by heavy rain ( more than 200mm in 24 hours) and strong winds(180 - 220KM/H per hour), caused by TC IDAI mainly in the Provinces of Sofala, Manica, Zambezia, Tete and Inhambane.
Ongoing response activities
Humanitarian assistance to the affected people;
Assembly of cholera treatment Centers;
This document is to be used in conjunction with the Mozambique WASH cluster strategy and standards (Response to Idai).
In order to ensure an efficient cholera response, it is essential that there is effective coordination within the WASH sector and between the WASH and Health sectors. It is essential that cholera surveillance data with sufficient geographic detail is shared in a timely basis with the WASH sector to activate rapid response WASH activities.
SAFE WATER SUPPLY:
• An Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC) team comprising partners Ericsson Response and the Government of Luxembourg deployed a satellite terminal in the forward operating base in Buzi to support operations.
• To date, 1,161 humanitarians are registered to access ETC Internet connectivity to enable them to do their work.
• The ETC is providing connectivity in two forward operations bases in Matarara and Buzi to support the increasing humanitarian response.
This Situation Report is produced by OCHA Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The Situation Report builds on Flash Updates #1 through #15 and provides more detailed information on the situation and response by sector. The next report will be issued on 6 April 2019.
• Some 336 new cases of cholera and 3 deaths were reported on 5 April, in Beira (246 cases; 1 death); Nhamatanda (26 cases; 1 death) and Dondo (64 cases; 1 death).
Summary and Analysis
A total 8 agencies are providing GBV services in six affected districts in Sofala, Monica and Zemberia.
Interventions are concentrated in Beira city and are evolved around relocation sites/accommodation centers. Non specialized psychosocial support is the most common service delivery in site setting.
NFI (dignity kits) distribution has been the main intervention for risk mitigation and has the widest coverage across all six districts.
Purpose of the MRA: To provide a shared understanding of the impact of cyclone Idai and associated flooding in the central districts of Mozambique that: a) identifies priority needs of the affected population; b) priority locations for response (by sector); and c) provides recommendations to inform strategic decisions on resource mobilisation and response planning.
Health agencies reach 32,000 people during cholera vaccination campaign in one day
USAID food and nutrition commodities begin to arrive in Mozambique
UN releases revised flash appeal for Zimbabwe, requesting $60 million to respond to Tropical Cyclone Idai
USAID staff assess damages and humanitarian needs generated by cyclone-related flooding in Malawi
This Situation Report is produced by OCHA Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The Situation Report builds on Flash Updates #1 through #15 and provides more detailed information on the situation and response by sector. The next report will be issued on 5 April 2019.
• The number of houses reportedly destroyed increased to nearly 217,000 houses -up by more than 18,000 from 3 Aprilas of 4 April, according to the Government.
A weather system that produced heavy rains flooded parts of Malawi in early March 2019, before developing into Cyclone Idai which struck Mozambique and Zimbabwe on 14-16 March, 2019.
Flooding in Malawi has displaced 87,000 people in camps, with the district of Makhanga one of the worst affected areas, which remains an island, cut off from all road access.
La Dirección General de Ayuda Humanitaria y Protección Civil (ECHO) y la Agencia Española de Cooperación internacional para el desarrollo (AECID) apoyan con fondos la intervención
By Cinelle Barnes
Just a few weeks after Cyclone Idai fatally struck Mozambique, Malawi, and Zimbabwe, Water Mission is diligently working on the ground to bring safe water to those at risk of experiencing a “second disaster,” or a post-cyclone outbreak of deadly waterborne diseases.
Friday, April 5, 2019 — The international medical organisation Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) is working to support the Ministry of Health in Mozambique to address ongoing outbreaks of cholera in Beira, Nhamatanda district and Dondo, with teams treating over 100 patients suspected as suffering from cholera every day.
As of 4 April, the death toll stands at 598 people. The number of cholera cases has risen to 1 741 (313 more in 24 hours), 1 449 cases and 1 death in Beira, 134 cases and 1 death in Dondo and 158 cases in Nhamatanda. Several malaria cases have been reported in Manica province as well as an increasing number of cases of acute watery diarrhoea. The vaccination campaign is underway and is coordinated by the Mozambique Ministry of Health, with the help of the World Health Organization (WHO) and other organisations.