Mozambique: Cholera Outbreak - Mar 2019Alert
On 27 March, the Government confirmed five cases of cholera at Munhava health centre in Beira City, according to the National Director of Medical Assistance, Ussene Isse. The authorities also reported some 2,500 cases of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Beira district. A total of 900,000 cholera vaccine doses are expected to arrive in Mozambique by 1 April and micro-planning for the vaccination campaign is underway. (OCHA, 27 Mar 2019)
The Ministry of Health declared an outbreak of cholera this week with cases reported in Beira and Nhamatanda. To date, a total of 517 cholera suspected cases and one death had been reported in Beira and Nhamatanda. Investigations are ongoing to confirm the outbreak by culture and to undertake source finding investigations. In addition to the suspected cholera cases there are an increasing number of acute watery diarrhoea and malaria cases being reported in the cyclone and flood affected areas. A total of 535 diarrhoea cases were reported in Beira City (300), Dondo (200) and Nhamtanda and a total of 276 cases of malaria were reported in Beira City (101), Dondo (152) and Nhamtanda (23) as of 30 March 2019. (WHO, 31 Mar 2019)
As of this week, 500 beds are now open in seven cholera treatment centres across the affected area, with plans to boost the capacity significantly to cope with an expected increase in cases. WHO is training 30 health workers on case management for cholera and on setting and monitoring standards and protocols in those centres. More than 900 000 doses of oral cholera vaccine from the global stockpile for emergency use are due to arrive in Beira tomorrow (Tuesday 2 April), and the Government and partners, including UNICEF, [IFRC], [MSF] and Save the Children, are working around the clock to start the vaccination campaign on Wednesday, 3 April. As of 1 April, a total of 1052 cases of cholera have been reported by the Ministry of Health, and more are expected due to the increasing numbers of people coming to health centres with acute watery diarrhoea. (WHO, 2 Apr 2019)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- OCHA: Mozambique: Cyclone Idai & Floods Situation Report No. 14 (as of 15 April 2019). 16 Apr 2019
- WFP: World Food Programme reaches 1 million flood-affected people in Mozambique. 16 Apr 2019
- MSF: MSF emergency response to Cyclone Idai and flooding. 17 Apr 2019
- IFRC: Infographic: Marking one month after Cyclone Idai in Mozambique. 17 Apr 2019
- WHO: Disease detection in a box – a high-tech solution for emergency settings. 16 Apr 2019
This Situation Report is produced by OCHA Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The Situation Report builds on Flash Updates #1 through #15 and provides detailed information on the situation and response by sector. The next report will be issued as of 15 April 2019.
• One month since Cyclone Idai made landfall in Mozambique, flood waters have begun to recede, but the needs remain.
The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 67 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
Humanitarian crises in South Sudan
Humanitarian crises in North East Nigeria
Ebola virus disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Cholera outbreak in Kenya
Measles outbreak in Madagascar.
As the storm that was to become Cyclone Idai gathered force over the ocean east of Mozambique, the Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) team in the port city of Beira began preparing for the worst. Medications were stacked high on the shelves so they would not be destroyed by flood waters, and sand bags were placed around supply containers to keep them safe and dry. These measures were taken in the pharmacy, warehouse, offices, and staff living quarters just in case.
• To date, 1,435 humanitarians are registered to access Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC) Internet connectivity to enable them to do their work.
• The ETC has upgraded the capacity of the Internet connectivity in Beira to improve the speed and reliability of the service.
• The ETC continues to provide connectivity in the Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) and 16x additional sites in Beira, as well as in Buzi, Grudja and Nhamatanda to support the increasing humanitarian response.
One month after devastating Cyclone Idai, described as one of the worst weather-related disasters in Southern Africa, hit Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe - killing more than 1,000 people, with many more still missing and feared dead, and leaving hundreds of thousands homeless - the international community needs to do more to help those affected, Amnesty International said today.
This Situation Report is produced by OCHA Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The Situation Report builds on Flash Updates #1 through #15 and provides detailed information on the situation and response by sector. The next report will be issued as of 14 April 2019.
• Almost one month on, 1 million children are in need of humanitarian assistance following Cyclone Idai’s impact in Mozambique, according to UNICEF.
There has been a significant reduction in the number of displaced people - with 73,296 people currently hosted in 70 accommodation centres; down from 142,327 people the week before.
A total of 4,979 cholera cases were recorded in Beira, Dondo, Buzi and Nhamatanda and the death toll has reached eight.
With UNICEF support, 814,293 people were vaccinated against cholera representing 99 per cent of the target population.
Beira/Nairobi/Geneva, 14 April 2019 – One month after the worst disaster in Mozambique’s recent history, signs of recovery are beginning to emerge as people return home and as the deadly cholera outbreak appears to be starting to abate.
However, hundreds of thousands of people will need sustained support over the coming months if recovery is to take hold, says the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC).
Florent Del Pinto, Head of Emergency Operations for IFRC in Beira, said:
Beira/Harare/Lilongwe, April 14, 2019 – The effects of last month’s Cyclone Idai are threatening to bring a catastrophic hunger crisis compounded by the existing food insecurity across Southern Africa, CARE International experts warn.
One month since the destructive storm swept across Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe, the humanitarian situation remains critical. Hundreds of thousands of people who have lost their livelihoods and require external assistance to survive.
Areas hit by Cyclone Idai are “like a war zone” says Oxfam. The destruction and suffering still not fully mapped. Despite initial appeals, international aid effort are still grossly underfunded, and aid agencies are already stretched and running out of resources.
One month on from devastating Cyclone Idai, Oxfam and its local partner organisations in Mozambique are still finding thousands of isolated people cut off from any aid or rescue.
On 14 March, Cyclone Idai made landfall in Mozambique, bringing devastation to the port City of Beira and surrounding areas. The following days, the weather system swept through the central region, causing massive flooding and leaving entire communities submerged under 10 metres of water.
Beira/Harare/Lilongwe, April 13, 2019 – Women and girls affected by last month’s destructive Cyclone Idai storm are facing serious health risks due to shortages of menstrual hygiene support, CARE experts have revealed.
Cyclone Idai caused devastation across Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe last month, killing more than 1,000 people and leaving another 3 million in desperate need of help. The situation is particularly alarming in Mozambique where hundreds of thousands of people live in temporary shelters as their homes have been destroyed.
This Situation Report is produced by OCHA Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The Situation Report builds on Flash Updates #1 through #15 and provides detailed information on the situation and response by sector. The next report will be issued as of 13 April 2019.
• Over 1 million people had received food assistance as of 12 April and distribution of seeds for the winter harvest was underway in Sofala province.
Thousands of people received the oral cholera vaccine today as part of a six-day emergency vaccination campaign run by the Ministry of Health in Mozambique to help prevent spread of cholera.
At the 7 de Abril Primary School in Inhamayabwe village, near the town of Dondo, excited school children gather in their classrooms, pushing one another to the front of the crowded room where each child receives their dose.
Children need urgent access to health, nutrition and water services to prevent malnutrition and disease outbreaks
Cholera cases approach 5,000
Photos and Broll available here: https://uni.cf/2WtSxed
Brecht De Vleeschauwer
'Now, we will have to rely on aid.’
Among the casualties of Cyclone Idai are the livelihoods of people such as Ernesto Ameral, a 26-year-old farmer in the small Mozambican town of Dombe, near the Mussapa River and not far from Zimbabwe.
Read more on The New Humanitarian