Mozambique: Cholera Outbreak - Mar 2019Alert
On 27 March, the Government confirmed five cases of cholera at Munhava health centre in Beira City, according to the National Director of Medical Assistance, Ussene Isse. The authorities also reported some 2,500 cases of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Beira district. A total of 900,000 cholera vaccine doses are expected to arrive in Mozambique by 1 April and micro-planning for the vaccination campaign is underway. (OCHA, 27 Mar 2019)
The Ministry of Health declared an outbreak of cholera this week with cases reported in Beira and Nhamatanda. To date, a total of 517 cholera suspected cases and one death had been reported in Beira and Nhamatanda. Investigations are ongoing to confirm the outbreak by culture and to undertake source finding investigations. In addition to the suspected cholera cases there are an increasing number of acute watery diarrhoea and malaria cases being reported in the cyclone and flood affected areas. A total of 535 diarrhoea cases were reported in Beira City (300), Dondo (200) and Nhamtanda and a total of 276 cases of malaria were reported in Beira City (101), Dondo (152) and Nhamtanda (23) as of 30 March 2019. (WHO, 31 Mar 2019)
As of this week, 500 beds are now open in seven cholera treatment centres across the affected area, with plans to boost the capacity significantly to cope with an expected increase in cases. WHO is training 30 health workers on case management for cholera and on setting and monitoring standards and protocols in those centres. More than 900 000 doses of oral cholera vaccine from the global stockpile for emergency use are due to arrive in Beira tomorrow (Tuesday 2 April), and the Government and partners, including UNICEF, [IFRC], [MSF] and Save the Children, are working around the clock to start the vaccination campaign on Wednesday, 3 April. As of 1 April, a total of 1052 cases of cholera have been reported by the Ministry of Health, and more are expected due to the increasing numbers of people coming to health centres with acute watery diarrhoea. (WHO, 2 Apr 2019)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- OCHA: Mozambique: Cyclone Idai & Floods Situation Report No. 14 (as of 15 April 2019). 16 Apr 2019
- IFRC: Infographic: Marking one month after Cyclone Idai in Mozambique. 17 Apr 2019
- WFP: World Food Programme reaches 1 million flood-affected people in Mozambique. 16 Apr 2019
- WHO: Disease detection in a box – a high-tech solution for emergency settings. 16 Apr 2019
- MSF: MSF emergency response to Cyclone Idai and flooding. 17 Apr 2019
USAID partner WFP reaches more than 1 million people in Mozambique with food and nutrition assistance
Zimbabwean President Mnangagwa launches $614 million appeal to fund recovery activities
Road access in Malawi improves, while authorities continue to repair key infrastructure used for the delivery of humanitarian assistance
This Situation Report is produced by OCHA Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The Situation Report builds on Flash Updates #1 through #15 and provides detailed information on the situation and response by sector. The next report will be issued as of 18 April 2019.
• More than 70,610 people remain displaced in 69 accommodation sites across Manica (32); Sofala (29);
Tete (5) and Zambezia (3), as of 16 April.
More than 90 humanitarian organisations supported in 4 coordination centres, with over 775GB exchanged through TSF connections. Over 2,500 beneficiaries and 26 humanitarian calling operations with 89% of first calls since the disaster. These are the numbers after one month of operations in the aftermath of Cyclone Idai, when TSF reaches the end of its mission.
However, these numbers are just the reflection of TSF’s main concern: its beneficiaries, be it humanitarian actors or affected populations.
Almost half of the countries in Eastern and Southern Africa region (ESAR) have been affected by cholera outbreaks since the beginning of 2019. More than 8,258 cholera / AWD cases including 29 deaths have been reported in 10 countries in the region, with an average Case Fatality Rate of 0.4%, since the beginning of 2019. These countries include; Angola, Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Somalia, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Mozambique accounts for 69.5% (5,656) of the total case load reported this year, followed by Kenya at 16.3% (1,350).
Crisis Update - 17 April 2019
A weather system that produced heavy rains flooded parts of Malawi in early March 2019, before developing into Cyclone Idai which struck Mozambique and Zimbabwe on 14-16 March, 2019.
Flooding in Malawi has displaced nearly 87,000 people in camps, with the district of Makhanga one of the worst affected areas, which remains an island, cut off from all road access.
Resolution adopted by consensus by the 140th IPU Assembly (Doha, 9 April 2019)
The 140th Assembly of the Inter-Parliamentary Union,
Deeply concerned about the humanitarian catastrophe in Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe since Cyclone ldai hit these countries causing widespread flooding through the region, killing many people, leaving thousands missing or injured, destroying homes, affecting more than a million lives, displacing hundreds of thousands of people and causing a rising death tolI,
This Situation Report is produced by OCHA Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The Situation Report builds on Flash Updates #1 through #15 and provides detailed information on the situation and response by sector. The next report will be issued as of 16 April 2019.
• The cholera epidemiological curve showed a reduction on 14 and 15 April, in line with the expected trajectory of the outbreak following the oral vaccination campaign.
In the aftermath of Cyclone Idai, hundreds of thousands of Mozambicans were left without shelter, food or access to health services. Many people have been living in temporary settlements without access to safe water and sanitation, putting them at high risk of diseases like cholera, malaria and measles.
Under the leadership of the Ministry of Health, WHO is rolling out its early warning alert and response system (known as EWARS-in-a-Box) to rapidly detect priority epidemic-prone diseases and allow a quick response before they develop into large outbreaks.
The objective of this document is to provide technical guidance to partners implementing sanitation emergency programs and interventions in settlements. This document has been prepared by the Sanitation Technical Working Group, under the WASH cluster Beira
BEIRA – One month on since Cyclone Idai struck Mozambique on March 14, the United Nations World Food Programme has reached one million people with food assistance and continues to expand its emergency response while launching recovery and reconstruction interventions.
‘’In the immediate aftermath of the cyclone, people were so very desperate.’’ said Lola Castro, WFP’s Regional Director for Southern Africa. ‘’Thanks to the hard work and resourcefulness of the many involved, the speed and scale of the response has transformed that desperation into hope.’’
- El Departamento de Protección Civil y Ayuda Humanitaria de la Comisión Europea (ECHO) y la Agencia Española de Cooperación internacional para el desarrollo (AECID) apoyan con fondos la intervención
- 13 delegados y delegadas de emergencias de Cruz Roja Española están desplegados en Mozambique
- Asegurar agua potable a las personas desplazadas, apoyar a la población para que pueda recuperar su alojamiento tras el desastre y prevenir enfermedades como el cólera son los principales objetivos
Con más de 1,8 millones de personas afectadas, más 140.000 …
This Situation Report is produced by OCHA Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The Situation Report builds on Flash Updates #1 through #15 and provides detailed information on the situation and response by sector. The next report will be issued as of 15 April 2019.
• One month since Cyclone Idai made landfall in Mozambique, flood waters have begun to recede, but the needs remain.
The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 67 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
Humanitarian crises in South Sudan
Humanitarian crises in North East Nigeria
Ebola virus disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Cholera outbreak in Kenya
Measles outbreak in Madagascar.
As the storm that was to become Cyclone Idai gathered force over the ocean east of Mozambique, the Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) team in the port city of Beira began preparing for the worst. Medications were stacked high on the shelves so they would not be destroyed by flood waters, and sand bags were placed around supply containers to keep them safe and dry. These measures were taken in the pharmacy, warehouse, offices, and staff living quarters just in case.
• To date, 1,435 humanitarians are registered to access Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC) Internet connectivity to enable them to do their work.
• The ETC has upgraded the capacity of the Internet connectivity in Beira to improve the speed and reliability of the service.
• The ETC continues to provide connectivity in the Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) and 16x additional sites in Beira, as well as in Buzi, Grudja and Nhamatanda to support the increasing humanitarian response.
One month after devastating Cyclone Idai, described as one of the worst weather-related disasters in Southern Africa, hit Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe - killing more than 1,000 people, with many more still missing and feared dead, and leaving hundreds of thousands homeless - the international community needs to do more to help those affected, Amnesty International said today.
This Situation Report is produced by OCHA Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The Situation Report builds on Flash Updates #1 through #15 and provides detailed information on the situation and response by sector. The next report will be issued as of 14 April 2019.
• Almost one month on, 1 million children are in need of humanitarian assistance following Cyclone Idai’s impact in Mozambique, according to UNICEF.
There has been a significant reduction in the number of displaced people - with 73,296 people currently hosted in 70 accommodation centres; down from 142,327 people the week before.
A total of 4,979 cholera cases were recorded in Beira, Dondo, Buzi and Nhamatanda and the death toll has reached eight.
With UNICEF support, 814,293 people were vaccinated against cholera representing 99 per cent of the target population.
Beira/Nairobi/Geneva, 14 April 2019 – One month after the worst disaster in Mozambique’s recent history, signs of recovery are beginning to emerge as people return home and as the deadly cholera outbreak appears to be starting to abate.
However, hundreds of thousands of people will need sustained support over the coming months if recovery is to take hold, says the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC).
Florent Del Pinto, Head of Emergency Operations for IFRC in Beira, said:
Beira/Harare/Lilongwe, April 14, 2019 – The effects of last month’s Cyclone Idai are threatening to bring a catastrophic hunger crisis compounded by the existing food insecurity across Southern Africa, CARE International experts warn.
One month since the destructive storm swept across Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe, the humanitarian situation remains critical. Hundreds of thousands of people who have lost their livelihoods and require external assistance to survive.