Ukraine: Measles Outbreak - Jan 2019Ongoing
Measles outbreak continues to spread in Ukraine, with new cases being reported in all regions. In 2018, Ukraine reported more measles cases than all of the European Union. Large-scale outbreak response measures have been undertaken since the start of the outbreak in 2017 to curb further spread of the disease and restore high routine immunization coverage, however, in 2018 the amount of the confirmed cases has increased tenfold. In 2018, 11.2 per cent, average one-week increase, brought the total number of measles cases to 54,481 (20,204 adults and 34,277 children), with 16 deaths. Since the beginning of 2019, more than 21,000 cases (7 deaths) have been registered which is an absolute record for the country and 300 per cent increase from 2018’s January and February months.
Most people affected by the measles outbreak for 2018 regions are in Lviv (total 11,873 people: 3,378 adults and 8,495 children), Zakarpattya (total 4,733 people: 988 adults and 3,745 children), Ivano-Frankivsk region (total 5,617 people: 1,496 adults and 4,121 children), Odesa (total 2,835 people: 1,426 adults and 1,409 children), Ternopil (total 3,658 people: 1,268 adults and 2 390 children), Vinnitsa (total 3,422 people: 1,212 adults and 2,210 children), Rivne (total 2,950 people: 922 adults and 2,028 children), Chernivtsi (total 3,387 people: 1,117 adults and 2,267 children) and capital city of Kyiv (total 3,197 people: 1,898 adults and 1 299 children). (IFRC, 4 Mar 2019)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- UNICEF: Alarming global surge of measles cases a growing threat to children – UNICEF. 1 Mar 2019
- IFRC: Ukraine: Red Cross deployed to help contain largest measles outbreak in Europe in four years. 5 Mar 2019
- UNICEF: La hausse préoccupante des cas de rougeole dans le monde représente une menace croissante pour les enfants. 2 Mar 2019
- IFRC: Ukraine: Measles Outbreak Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) DREF n° MDRUA009. 5 Mar 2019
- UNICEF: La alarmante oleada mundial de casos de sarampión es una amenaza creciente para la infancia, dice UNICEF. 4 Mar 2019
Budapest, 5 March 2019 – Ukrainian Red Cross Society volunteers are being deployed to help contain a measles outbreak that has affected more than 75,000 people, making it the largest outbreak in Europe since 2015. This includes 54,000 measles cases reported in 2018, and more than 21,000 cases registered thus far in 2019.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
En Ucrania, Filipinas y Brasil se registraron los mayores aumentos de casos de sarampión entre 2017 y 2018. Solamente en Ucrania se registraron 35.120 casos de sarampión en 2018. Según el gobierno, otras 24.042 personas contrajeron la infección solamente en los dos primeros meses de 2019. En Filipinas, en lo que va de año, se han registrado 12.736 casos de sarampión y 203 muertes777, en comparación con los 15.599 casos que se produjeron durante todo el año en 2018.
En 2018, les trois quarts de l’augmentation totale des cas de rougeole concernaient dix pays, avec notamment des épidémies importantes au Brésil, à Madagascar, aux Philippines, en Ukraine et au Yémen.
NEW YORK, le 1er mars 2019 – Le nombre de cas de rougeole dans le monde atteint des niveaux préoccupants, en particulier dans dix pays qui représentent plus de 74 % de l’augmentation totale et dans plusieurs autres où l’on considérait jusqu’ici que la maladie avait disparu, avertit l’UNICEF aujourd’hui.
Ten countries accounted for approximately three-quarters of the total increase in measles in 2018, including significant outbreaks in Brazil, Madagascar, the Philippines, Ukraine, and Yemen
NEW YORK, 1 March 2019 – UNICEF warned today that global cases of measles are surging to alarmingly high levels, led by ten countries accounting for more than 74 per cent of the total increase, and several others that had previously been declared measles free.
Countries with ten highest increases in cases between 2017 & 2018
Total people in need: 3 million
Total children (<18) in need: 500,000
Total people to be reached: 1,625,659
Total children to be reached: 234,000
2019 programme targets
2,000 pregnant and lactating women reached with infant and young child feeding counselling
Two ceasefires brokered for the harvest season (1 July) and ahead of the school year (29 August) appear to have had a positive impact on the conduct of hostilities in eastern Ukraine. This is indicated through 55 per cent decline in civilian casualties from 16 in July to 8 in August – one of the lowest total in 2018. However, in August, there was a 20 per cent increase in hostilities, compared to July, with critical civilian infrastructure, particularly water and sanitation facilities coming under fire on four occasions.
Humanitarian situation – highlights
Over 12 000 people have been infected with measles in Ukraine so far this year. Of those affected, 9158 have required hospitalization and 9 have died, according to information provided by national health authorities as of 27 April 2018. Large-scale outbreak response measures have been undertaken since the start of the outbreak in 2017 to curb further spread of the disease and restore high routine immunization coverage.
Kyiv, 20 April, 2018 - The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) on request of the Ministry of Health has airlifted a new batch of vaccines against measles, mumps and rubella (MMR). This is the second delivery of vaccine, which arrived to Ukraine this year to be distributed to the regions to cover the acute needs.
Vaccination coverage in Ukraine has significantly increased in comparison with previous years. Over the last year, more than 90% of children have received their routine vaccination. However, it is not enough to stop the current measles outbreak.
“Access to quality care and medications is limited. Women, children, adolescents – representing over 60% of the affected people – and the elderly are disproportionately affected by a severe reduction in health services, care and support.”
KYIV, 27 February 2018 - At the request of Ukraine’s Ministry of Health, the United Nations Children’s’ Fund (UNICEF) has facilitated a fast-track delivery of vaccines to respond to the current measles outbreak in the country. A total of 220,000 doses of vaccines against measles, mumps and rubella (MMR), procured using the state budgetary resources, have arrived in the country and will be despatched to the regions.
January was marked by brief flare ups of hostilities and sporadic localized fighting particularly towards the end of the month. Damage to critical infrastructure, including gas pipelines and powerlines, meant that water supply for 4.2 million people in Donetska and Luhanska oblasts was constantly at risk of failure. Weather conditions deteriorated rapidly with heavy snowfall and temperatures as low as minus 20 degrees.
KYIV, 6 February 2018 - A new shipment of 220,000 doses of Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) vaccines will arrive to Ukraine in late February 2018. The vaccines produced by GlaxoSmithKline (Belgium) will be delivered by the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) in Ukraine and further distributed to the regions.
Ukraine's top health official says eight people have died of complications from measles amid a recent outbreak in the country, which the World Health Organization (WHO) has ranked last in terms of measles-vaccination coverage in Europe.
Acting Health Minister Ulyana Suprun told lawmakers on January 19 that a child who had not been vaccinated against measles died the previous day.
Measles continues to spread in Ukraine, with new cases now being reported in all oblasts and Kyiv. These cases are the latest in an expanding outbreak that affected over 3 000 people and claimed the lives of 5 children and adults in 2017.