Zimbabwe: Cholera Outbreak - Sep 2018Ongoing
On 6 September 2018, a cholera outbreak was declared in Harare by the Ministry of Health...after confirmation of 11 cases for cholera on rapid diagnostic test kits and the clinical presentation. (WHO, 7 Sep 2018)
Authorities report that the outbreak began on 1 September in Harare and as of that date to 11 September, the Ministry of Health and Child Care reports that there have been nearly 2000 suspected cholera cases, including 58 confirmed cases and 24 deaths.
Glenview, a high density suburb of Harare with an active trading area and a highly mobile population, is at the epicentre of the outbreak. The area is vulnerable to cholera because of inadequate supplies of safe piped water, which has led people to use alternative unsafe supplies such as wells and boreholes. Cases that are linked to the epicenter in Harare have been confirmed in 5 additional provinces.
The Government of Zimbabwe has declared a state of emergency and is working with international partners to rapidly expand recommended cholera response actions, including increasing access to clean and safe water in the most affected communities and decommissioning contaminated water supplies. Authorities and partners are also intensifying health education to ensure that suspect cases seek care immediately and establishing cholera treatment centres closer to affected communities. (WHO, 13 Sep 2018)
An outbreak of cholera declared on 6 September has killed at least 30 people and infected at least 5,460. The most severely affected areas are the two epicentres of the outbreaks in the suburbs of Glenview and Budiriro in western Harare. The outbreak has spread from Harare to Chitungwiza, and west to Gokwe and Bulawayo. Cholera is reportedly spreading to different areas of the country. Poor WASH and health infrastructure are facilitating the rapid spread of the disease. High WASH needs, including clean drinking water, hygiene promotion and temporary sanitation facilities, have been reported. (ACAPS, 18 Sep 2018)
As of 3 October 2018, 8535 cumulative cases, including 163 laboratory confirmed cases, and 50 deaths have been reported (case fatality rate: 0.6%). Of these 8535 cases, 98% (8341 cases) were reported from the densely populated capital Harare...The most affected suburbs in Harare are Glen View and Budiriro. (WHO, 5 Oct 2018)
As of 19 October 2018, a cumulative total of 9 404 cases with 54 deaths (case fatality ratio 0.57%) have been reported from nine provinces across the country. Of the reported cases, 231 are confirmed by culture. Harare (9 096 cases) and Chitungwiza (110 cases) cities in Harare Province have reported the majority of the cases (suspected and confirmed) accounting for 98% of the cumulative cases reported across the country. The most affected areas in Harare City are the densely populated urban suburbs of Glen View (4 154 cases), Budiriro (2 691 cases), Mbare (373 cases) and Glen Nora (297 cases). Other provinces reporting cases include Manicaland Province (100), Bulawayo (38), Mashonaland East province (35), Mashonaland Central province (11), Midlands Province (10), Masvingo (2), atabeleland South (1), and Mashonaland West (1). (WHO, 19 Oct 2018)
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The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 55 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
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Cholera in Zimbabwe.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 58 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
12 October 2018, Harare – The UN Resident Coordinator Mr Bishow Parajuli and the Minister of Local Government, Public Works and National Housing, Hon July Moyo today signed USD 3 million allocation from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) in response to the Cholera outbreak.
The CERF which will be implemented by UNICEF, WHO and WFP was also signed by Dr. Mohamed Ag Ayoya, UNICEF Representative; Dr. Alex Gasasira, WHO Representative; and Mr. Eddie Rowe, WFP Representative.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 58 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
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10 out of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) have reported more than 34,109 cholera / AWD cases and 412 deaths (Case Fatality Rate, 1.2%), since the beginning of 2018. These countries include; Angola, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe accounts for 25.7 % of the total case load reported this year, followed by Somalia at 17.9%.
Since the last Disease Outbreak News was published on 20 September (with data as of 15 September), an additional 4914 cases have been reported including 92 confirmed cases.
Over 15,000 Eritreans crossed into Ethiopia as of 26 September after two border crossing points were opened, with many traveling to refugee settlements. It brings the total number of Eritrean refugees in the Tigray region to almost 46,000 people.
Humanitarian assistance needs to be scaled up in the region to respond to this new influx of refugees.
• As of 2 October, 8,435 cholera cases with 49 deaths (8,273 suspected and 162 confirmed cases) had been reported. An estimated 21 per cent of the reported cases are children under five years of age.
• A total of 98 per cent of the cases are from Harare (Budiriro and Glen View high density suburbs), which is the epicentre of the outbreak.
Over the past week, there has been geographic spread to other suburbs.
Harare, Zimbabwe, 4 October, 2018—As Zimbabwe battles a cholera outbreak, UNFPA, the United Populations Fund, is providing dignity kits to women and girls in the affected areas and supporting cholera prevention initiatives to reduce its spread.
The current outbreak, declared an emergency by the government on September 11, has claimed the lives of 25 people. A total of 6643 suspected cases, 98 confirmed cases and 48 deaths have been reported to date.
3 October 2018, Harare – The Government of Zimbabwe with the support of the World Health Organization (WHO) and partners is launching today an oral cholera vaccination (OCV) campaign to protect 1.4 million people at high risk of cholera in Harare.
The immunization drive is part of efforts to control a cholera outbreak, which was declared by the health authorities on 6 September 2018.The vaccines were sourced from the global stockpile, which is funded by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance. Gavi is also funding operational costs for the campaign.
Summary: At the invitation of the Center for Sustainable Climate solutions, two MCC partners and a staff member tell groups in the U.S. about the impact of climate change on their home countries of El Salvador, Nepal and Zimbabwe.
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Zacharías Martínez, Sibonokuhle Ncube and Durga Sunchiuri never met before this month. Each is from a different continent, but they share a common grief: their nations are experiencing the effects of climate change.
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- Ebola virus disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Cholera outbreak in Zimbabwe
- Cholera outbreak in Cameroon
- Plague outbreak in Madagascar
Monkeypox outbreak in Nigeria.
On the morning of Tuesday 4th September 2018, the high density suburbs of Harare in Zimbabwe, were hit by a cholera outbreak. The Government of Zimbabwe has since declared the epidemic a state of emergency after cholera and typhoid spread fast killing 28 people in 2 weeks and infecting over 7,000.
The Eastern and Southern Africa region continues to face multiple and more frequent humanitarian crises, including conflict and insecurity, economic shocks, climate change, natural hazards and disease outbreaks.1 More than 17 million people (45 per cent children) remain food insecure throughout the region.