DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - Aug 2018Ongoing
The Government of [DR Congo (DRC)] announced on 1 Aug 2018 that preliminary laboratory results indicate a cluster of cases of Ebola virus in North Kivu province. The announcement was issued little more than a week after the Ministry of Health declared the end of an outbreak in Equateur Province in the far western part of the country, some 2500 km from North Kivu. (WHO, 1 Aug 2018)
The Ministry of Public Health of [DRC] today [8 August] announced the launch of Ebola vaccinations for high risk populations in North Kivu province. The vaccinations have begun just one week after the announcement of a second outbreak of Ebola this year in the country. A total of 44 cases have been reported so far, of which 17 have been confirmed. (WHO, 8 Aug 2018)
The 1 September 2018 marks one month since the declaration of the [EVD] outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces...As of 2 September 2018, a total of 122 confirmed and probable EVD cases, including 82 deaths, have been reported. Of the 122 cases, 91 are confirmed and 31 are probable...The epicentre of the outbreak remains Mabalako Health Zone in North Kivu Province, reporting 70% (86/122) of all cases and 76% (62/82) deaths, including 65 confirmed and 21 probable cases...Additionally, four other health zones in North Kivu Province and one in Ituri Province have reported confirmed and probable cases...Of concern is an apparent increase in transmission in Beni Health Zone, where the number of confirmed and probable cases has increased from eight on 23 August 2018 to 19 cases on 2 September 2018. (WHO, 4 Sep 2018)
While substantial progress has been made to limit the spread of the disease to new areas and the situation in Mangina (Mabalako Health Zone) is stabilizing, the cities of Beni and Butembo have become the new hotspot...As of 18 September 2018, a total of 142 EVD cases (111 confirmed and 31 probable), including 97 deaths (66 confirmed and 31 probable) have been reported in seven health zones in North Kivu Province (Beni, Butembo, Kalunguta, Mabalako, Masereka, Musienene and Oicha), and Mandima Health Zone in Ituri Province. (WHO, 20 Sep 2018)
[EVD] outbreak in [DRC] is becoming increasingly undermined by security challenges in at-risk areas, particularly Beni...Since the last Disease Outbreak News (data as of 9 October), 29 new confirmed EVD cases were reported: 23 from Beni, four from Butembo, one from Mabalako, and one from Masereka Health Zones in North Kivu Province. (WHO, 11 Oct 2018)
The meeting of the Emergency Committee convened by the WHO Director-General under the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005) regarding the [EVD] outbreak in [DRC] took place on...17 October 2018...It was the view of the Committee that a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) should not be declared at this time. But the Committee remains deeply concerned by the outbreak and emphasized that response activities need to be intensified and ongoing vigilance is critical. The Committee also noted the very complex security situation. (WHO, 17 Oct 2018)
As of 8 December 2018, there have been a total of 494 EVD cases, including 446 confirmed and 48 probable cases. To date, confirmed cases have been reported from 15 health zones: Beni (203), Mabalako (72), Katwa (53), Kalunguta (31), Butembo (30), Masereka (7), Oicha (7), Vuhovi (7), Kyondo (4), Mutwanga (3) and Musienene (2) in North Kivu Province; and Mandima (16), Komanda (8), Tchomia (2) and Mambasa (1) in Ituri Province. Twelve of the 15 affected health zones reported at least one new confirmed case in the previous 21 days (29 November-8 December 2018). A total of 283 deaths were recorded, including 235 among confirmed cases, resulting in a case fatality ratio among confirmed cases of 53% (235/446). (WHO, 7 Dec 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
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New measures to overcome obstacles in responding to the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are having a positive impact. The Ministry of Health (MoH), WHO and partners continue to be confident that, despite challenges, the outbreak can be contained.
La République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) a notifié une épidémie de maladie à virus Ebola (MVE) le 1er août 2018 dans la province du Nord Kivu, située dans la partie Est du pays.
A la semaine épidémiologique 41 a été marquée par une accélération de la mise en œuvre de la stratégie de renforcement de la réponse au niveau communautaire dans la ville de Beni.
For nearly three months, Equateur province confronted an Ebola epidemic that resulted in 54 victims amongst whom there were 33 deaths and 21 who survived. To combat this epidemic, the Government had declared free healthcare in all affected areas. The epidemic greatly slowed activity in the province, depriving many people of income. Under no circumstances should a financial barrier constitute an obstacle to accessing healthcare, and so free healthcare appeared to be a very good thing.
• UNICEF developed a preparedness and response plan for Ebola Virus Disease and contributed the National Ebola Preparedness and Response Plan. A total of US$ 370,000 was allocated through the UNICEF Emergency Programme Fund as a loan to accelerate implementation of the preparedness activities.
Mukono, 14th November 2018- One of the severe yet often neglected consequences of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is long-term mental health and psychosocial problems that affect health workers, family members, recovered patients and generally people involved in response activities.
Juba 13 November 2018 - The Honourable Minister for Health of South Sudan, Dr Riek Gai Kok and his entourage which included a 1976 Ebola survivor, Samaritan Purse and ICRC visited the WHO supported Ebola Treatment Unit (ETU) in Juba.
Armed conflict, interethnic clashes and tensions, urban violence in some cities, and finally an outbreak of Ebola make the humanitarian and security context in northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo) a complex one. Recruitment of minors into armed groups, families separated by conflict, internal displacement, sexual violence, destroyed livelihoods, malnutrition and absence of proper health care are some of the consequences of the conflict and violence that the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) tries to respond to.
Kasese, 13th November 2018:- As the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak escalates in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Uganda is ticking all the boxes to ensure that the country is able to respond effectively should there be a confirmed case of Ebola in the country. As of 13th November 2018, there were 295 confirmed cases with 209 death and still counting.
13 NOVEMBRE 2018
En République démocratique du Congo (RDC), à neuf jours du début de la campagne officielle et à moins de six semaines des élections présidentielles et législatives, prévues le 23 décembre, les parties prenantes restent résolument engagées en faveur de ce processus, malgré des divisions persistantes à propos de l’usage de la machine à voter et de la fiabilité du fichier électoral, a déclaré, cet après-midi au Conseil de sécurité, la Représentante spéciale du Secrétaire général pour la République démocratique du Congo (RDC), Mme Leila Zerrougui.
8397TH MEETING (PM)
Despite an ongoing Ebola outbreak and continued attacks by armed groups, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is nevertheless on track to hold critical elections as planned on 23 December, the top United Nations official in the country told the Security Council today, as delegates expressed hope that a peaceful handover of power could bring longed-for stability to some 85 million people.
1. Situation update
A suspected Ebola virus disease alert was reported in Yei River State. The patient later died and investigation are ongoing.
A high-level coordination meeting constituting of UN Agencies and key Humanitarian partners was held and formed strategic advisory committee (SAC) to provide technical support to the national task force.
40 Safe and Dignified Burial (SDB) team members were trained from 6th – 8 th November 2018 in Yei River State by ICRC and WHO.
Tandis que la flambée épidémique de maladie à virus Ebola (MVE) entre dans son quatrième mois (en prenant la déclaration comme point de départ), et que plus de 300 cas ont été recensés à ce jour, des progrès notables ont été accomplis dans tous les aspects de la riposte. Néanmoins, il faudra encore vaincre de nombreux obstacles pour juguler la transmission intense observée dans la ville de Beni et dans de nouveaux points chauds apparus dans des villages autour de Beni et de Butembo.
UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, responds to emergencies in some of the world’s poorest countries, delivering lifesaving sexual and reproductive health supplies and services to protect the rights, safety and dignity of women and young people affected by crises. In 2017, UNFPA reached 16 million people in 58 countries with humanitarian assistance, including 10.8 million people reached with sexual and reproductive health services and 3.9 million people reached with gender-based violence (GBV) services. In the last decade, UNFPA’s humanitarian activities have grown exponentially.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 50 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
De nouveaux déplacement enregistrés dans le Territoire de Djugu suite aux nouvelles violences dans la zone.
Un nouveau cas d’Ebola confirmé dans le Territoire de Mambasa, dans la province de l’Ituri
Aperçu de la situation
• A new Ebola case has been confirmed in Vuhovi Health Zone, North Kivu Province
• UNICEF and WHO have developed a joint strategy for Infection Prevention and Control with a focus on increasing coverage of health facilities (public and private) with health workers training and WASH facility installation
• A radio communication survey conducted by UNICEF in Butembo town revealed that 87% of participants responded that listening to local radio stations has positively changed their behaviour towards Ebola