DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - Aug 2018Ongoing
The Government of [DR Congo (DRC)] announced on 1 Aug 2018 that preliminary laboratory results indicate a cluster of cases of Ebola virus in North Kivu province. The announcement was issued little more than a week after the Ministry of Health declared the end of an outbreak in Equateur Province in the far western part of the country, some 2500 km from North Kivu. (WHO, 1 Aug 2018)
The Ministry of Public Health of [DRC] today [8 August] announced the launch of Ebola vaccinations for high risk populations in North Kivu province. The vaccinations have begun just one week after the announcement of a second outbreak of Ebola this year in the country. A total of 44 cases have been reported so far, of which 17 have been confirmed. (WHO, 8 Aug 2018)
The 1 September 2018 marks one month since the declaration of the [EVD] outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces...As of 2 September 2018, a total of 122 confirmed and probable EVD cases, including 82 deaths, have been reported. Of the 122 cases, 91 are confirmed and 31 are probable...The epicentre of the outbreak remains Mabalako Health Zone in North Kivu Province, reporting 70% (86/122) of all cases and 76% (62/82) deaths, including 65 confirmed and 21 probable cases...Additionally, four other health zones in North Kivu Province and one in Ituri Province have reported confirmed and probable cases...Of concern is an apparent increase in transmission in Beni Health Zone, where the number of confirmed and probable cases has increased from eight on 23 August 2018 to 19 cases on 2 September 2018. (WHO, 4 Sep 2018)
While substantial progress has been made to limit the spread of the disease to new areas and the situation in Mangina (Mabalako Health Zone) is stabilizing, the cities of Beni and Butembo have become the new hotspot...As of 18 September 2018, a total of 142 EVD cases (111 confirmed and 31 probable), including 97 deaths (66 confirmed and 31 probable) have been reported in seven health zones in North Kivu Province (Beni, Butembo, Kalunguta, Mabalako, Masereka, Musienene and Oicha), and Mandima Health Zone in Ituri Province. (WHO, 20 Sep 2018)
[EVD] outbreak in [DRC] is becoming increasingly undermined by security challenges in at-risk areas, particularly Beni...Since the last Disease Outbreak News (data as of 9 October), 29 new confirmed EVD cases were reported: 23 from Beni, four from Butembo, one from Mabalako, and one from Masereka Health Zones in North Kivu Province. (WHO, 11 Oct 2018)
The meeting of the Emergency Committee convened by the WHO Director-General under the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005) regarding the [EVD] outbreak in [DRC] took place on...17 October 2018...It was the view of the Committee that a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) should not be declared at this time. But the Committee remains deeply concerned by the outbreak and emphasized that response activities need to be intensified and ongoing vigilance is critical. The Committee also noted the very complex security situation. (WHO, 17 Oct 2018)
As of 8 December 2018, there have been a total of 494 EVD cases, including 446 confirmed and 48 probable cases. To date, confirmed cases have been reported from 15 health zones: Beni (203), Mabalako (72), Katwa (53), Kalunguta (31), Butembo (30), Masereka (7), Oicha (7), Vuhovi (7), Kyondo (4), Mutwanga (3) and Musienene (2) in North Kivu Province; and Mandima (16), Komanda (8), Tchomia (2) and Mambasa (1) in Ituri Province. Twelve of the 15 affected health zones reported at least one new confirmed case in the previous 21 days (29 November-8 December 2018). A total of 283 deaths were recorded, including 235 among confirmed cases, resulting in a case fatality ratio among confirmed cases of 53% (235/446). (WHO, 7 Dec 2018)
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1. Situation update
The Ministry of Health (MoH), WHO and partners continue to respond to the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and remain confident that the outbreak can be contained, despite ongoing challenges. On the evening of 16 November 2018, an armed group attacked the MONUSCO base in Boikene District in the city of Beni, close to the residences of UN Ebola responders. Response operations in Beni were briefly paused and resumed (not to full functionally) on 18 November 2018.
Delayed planting season in the Ruzizi Plain due to the late arrival of rain
Le retour tardif des pluies tel que prévu par la NOAA/CPC, de 2-3 décades, dans la partie Centre-est du pays se sont bien manifestées notamment sur la plaine de la Ruzizi où les ménages agricoles viennent de terminer le semis des principaux vivriers en ce début du mois de novembre. Cependant, ceux de la partie Nord-est qui ont semé plus tôt, s’activent aux travaux d’entretien des champs. On pourrait s’attendre à des récoltes échelonnées dans le temps, lesquelles pourraient intervenir à partir de mi-décembre 2018.
Après les attaques mortelles perpétrées vendredi dans la ville de Beni, dans le nord-est de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC), le Programme alimentaire mondial des Nations Unies (PAM) a indiqué qu’il maintient son aide alimentaire et logistique dans le cadre de la riposte contre le virus Ebola.
« Nous ne pouvons-nous permettre aucune perturbation de nos opérations de sauvetage », a déclaré mardi le porte-parole du PAM, Hervé Verhoosel, lors d’un point de presse à Genève.
• 23 000 personnes dans le nord de la ville de Beni ont besoin d’assistance humanitaire
• 76 000 personnes ont reçu 631 tonnes de vivres du PAM dans le Territoire de Rutshuru
Aperçu de la situation
Après les attaques mortelles perpétrées vendredi dans la ville de Beni, en République démocratique du Congo, la riposte contre le virus Ebola se poursuit.
Si l’ensemble du personnel de l’OMS, du Ministère de la Santé et des partenaires est sain et sauf, 16 membres du personnel de l’OMS ont été évacués vers Goma pour recevoir des soins psychologiques après que leur résidence a été frappée par un obus qui n’a pas explosé.
Following deadly attacks on Friday in the town of Beni, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ebola response activities are continuing.
While all WHO, Ministry of Health and partner staff are safe and accounted for, 16 WHO staff were evacuated to Goma for psychological care after their residence was hit by a shell which did not explode.
Ebola response operations were on-going but limited in Beni on Saturday.
A spokesperson for the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has condemned any violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) that could slow down the humanitarian response to the Ebola outbreak in the vast country’s north-east, following an attack on a UN base and nearby hotels housing UN staff, in the city of Beni on Friday.
Geneva – The World Health Organization is now using IOM’s innovative Security Communications and Analysis Network (SCAAN) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to support the security of its staff fighting the Ebola epidemic. The effectiveness of this innovative crisis communications system was demonstrated almost immediately.
NOUKO GWENY ANGE
Après Kinshasa et Goma, le Chef de la Division Police des Nations Unies (Police Adviser), le Gen. Luis CARRILHO s’est rendu à Beni les mercredi 14 et Jeudi 15 Novembre 2018.
En y effectuant le déplacement, le Gen. Luis CARRILHO a voulu toucher du doigt les réalités du terrain et les actions de la Police MONUSCO dans cette ville où la situation sécuritaire demeure très volatile, en plus de l’épidémie d’Ebola qui s’y est répandue.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
And from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the UN peacekeeping mission there (MONUSCO) reports that suspected Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) elements launched an attack on Friday evening in the area of Boikene, close to Beni in North Kivu Province. One civilian was reportedly wounded, and two homes and a civilian vehicle were destroyed. A member of the Indian Formed Police Unit stationed there was also lightly wounded.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 53 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
WFP continues to respond to the worst Ebola outbreak in DRC’s history, providing food assistance to prevent a further spread of the virus, and serving the wider humanitarian community with critical logistical support.
COMPLEX OPERATING ENVIRONMENT
Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) declared their tenth outbreak of Ebola in 40 years on 1 August 2018. The outbreak is centred in northeastern North Kivu province. With the number of cases surpassing 300, it is now the country's largest-ever Ebola outbreak.
Latest figures - information as of 18 November 2018; figures provided by DRC Ministry of Health
366 TOTAL CASES
319 CONFIRMED CASES
167 CONFIRMED DEATHS
- La diarrea, provocada por la falta de saneamiento, higiene y agua potable, causa el 40% de las muertes infantiles en una emergencia.
- Casi la mitad de ellas se evitarían solo con lavarse las manos con agua y jabón La organización ha desarrollado proyectos innovadores como los “tiger toilets” o el “Urine-tricity” para dar respuesta a la falta de saneamiento y agua potable en contextos de emergencia.
In response to the worst Ebola outbreak ever recorded in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Doctors Without Borders (Médecins Sans Frontières) is stepping up efforts to contain the epidemic.
n République démocratique du Congo, les nouvelles mesures engagées face aux obstacles rencontrés dans la lutte contre la flambée épidémique de maladie à virus Ebola (MVE) produisent leurs effets. Le Ministère de la santé, l’OMS et leurs partenaires restent convaincus que, malgré les problèmes auxquels on se heurte, la flambée peut être endiguée.