DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - Aug 2018Ongoing
The Government of [DR Congo (DRC)] announced on 1 Aug 2018 that preliminary laboratory results indicate a cluster of cases of Ebola virus in North Kivu province. The announcement was issued little more than a week after the Ministry of Health declared the end of an outbreak in Equateur Province in the far western part of the country, some 2500 km from North Kivu. (WHO, 1 Aug 2018)
The Ministry of Public Health of [DRC] today [8 August] announced the launch of Ebola vaccinations for high risk populations in North Kivu province. The vaccinations have begun just one week after the announcement of a second outbreak of Ebola this year in the country. A total of 44 cases have been reported so far, of which 17 have been confirmed. (WHO, 8 Aug 2018)
The 1 September 2018 marks one month since the declaration of the [EVD] outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces...As of 2 September 2018, a total of 122 confirmed and probable EVD cases, including 82 deaths, have been reported. Of the 122 cases, 91 are confirmed and 31 are probable...The epicentre of the outbreak remains Mabalako Health Zone in North Kivu Province, reporting 70% (86/122) of all cases and 76% (62/82) deaths, including 65 confirmed and 21 probable cases...Additionally, four other health zones in North Kivu Province and one in Ituri Province have reported confirmed and probable cases...Of concern is an apparent increase in transmission in Beni Health Zone, where the number of confirmed and probable cases has increased from eight on 23 August 2018 to 19 cases on 2 September 2018. (WHO, 4 Sep 2018)
While substantial progress has been made to limit the spread of the disease to new areas and the situation in Mangina (Mabalako Health Zone) is stabilizing, the cities of Beni and Butembo have become the new hotspot...As of 18 September 2018, a total of 142 EVD cases (111 confirmed and 31 probable), including 97 deaths (66 confirmed and 31 probable) have been reported in seven health zones in North Kivu Province (Beni, Butembo, Kalunguta, Mabalako, Masereka, Musienene and Oicha), and Mandima Health Zone in Ituri Province. (WHO, 20 Sep 2018)
[EVD] outbreak in [DRC] is becoming increasingly undermined by security challenges in at-risk areas, particularly Beni...Since the last Disease Outbreak News (data as of 9 October), 29 new confirmed EVD cases were reported: 23 from Beni, four from Butembo, one from Mabalako, and one from Masereka Health Zones in North Kivu Province. (WHO, 11 Oct 2018)
The meeting of the Emergency Committee convened by the WHO Director-General under the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005) regarding the [EVD] outbreak in [DRC] took place on...17 October 2018...It was the view of the Committee that a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) should not be declared at this time. But the Committee remains deeply concerned by the outbreak and emphasized that response activities need to be intensified and ongoing vigilance is critical. The Committee also noted the very complex security situation. (WHO, 17 Oct 2018)
As of 8 December 2018, there have been a total of 494 EVD cases, including 446 confirmed and 48 probable cases. To date, confirmed cases have been reported from 15 health zones: Beni (203), Mabalako (72), Katwa (53), Kalunguta (31), Butembo (30), Masereka (7), Oicha (7), Vuhovi (7), Kyondo (4), Mutwanga (3) and Musienene (2) in North Kivu Province; and Mandima (16), Komanda (8), Tchomia (2) and Mambasa (1) in Ituri Province. Twelve of the 15 affected health zones reported at least one new confirmed case in the previous 21 days (29 November-8 December 2018). A total of 283 deaths were recorded, including 235 among confirmed cases, resulting in a case fatality ratio among confirmed cases of 53% (235/446). (WHO, 7 Dec 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
- Children account for more than one third of Ebola cases in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
- CERF allocates $10 million to support regional Ebola response in central Africa
- South Sudan set to vaccinate targeted healthcare and frontline workers operating in high risk states against Ebola
- Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 [EN/AR/FR/ES/ZH]
- The Democratic Republic of Congo Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) January 2019 - December 2020
8421st Meeting (AM)
Humanitarian Affairs Official Says Embattled Cameroon Regions Witnessing One of Africa’s Fastest-Growing Displacement Crises
Central and West African countries must develop strategies with which to tackle the root causes of insurgency, the senior United Nations official in the region told the Security Council today as it considered the activities of the United Nations regional office.
UNICEF’s response to the North Kivu and Ituri Ebola outbreak can be found on a weekly basis on Ebola’s latest situation report
Based on various sources, 669,820 Congolese nationals were returned from Angola, with an estimated 30% being children under 18 years old. UNICEF conducted multi-sectoral assessments and provided cash, emergency shelter, and WASH assistance.
The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is occurring in an unforgiving context. Non-engagement from communities and conflict continue to hamper response activities in some affected areas. Moreover, poor infection prevention and control (IPC) practices across numerous private and public health centers remain a major source of amplification of the outbreak and risk to health and other frontline workers.
Author: Mosoka Fallah - Deputy Director General at National Public Health Institute of Liberia and Visiting Scientist, Harvard Medical School
Disclosure statement: Mosoka Fallah-consults for MERCK/MSD as an Expert from Africa on the process of the Ebola vacine licensing.
Le Fonds central d’intervention d’urgence des Nations Unies (CERF) va allouer 10 millions de dollars pour appuyer la riposte régionale à Ebola en Afrique centrale.
L’annonce a été faite mercredi par Mark Lowcock, le Secrétaire général adjoint aux affaires humanitaires et Coordonnateur des secours d'urgence, qui a autorité sur le CERF.
The Ministry of Health (MoH), WHO and partners continue to respond to the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. By using proven public health measures as well as new tools at hand (immunization and therapeutics), WHO remains confident the outbreak can be contained and brought to an end, despite multifaceted challenges.
Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock today announced a US$10 million regional contribution from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) towards mitigating the possible impact of the current Ebola outbreak should it spread to countries neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
In response to the number of Ebola cases in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) reaching 500, Chals Wontewe, Oxfam's Country Director in the DRC, said:
"DRC is battling to keep Ebola under control; cases are increasing at a quicker rate and the virus has spread further.
"Although the outbreak is still far from the scale of the West Africa epidemic, we're operating in an extremely complex environment and facing the very real threat of more violence and instability in the run up to the elections.
« Je vais de porte à porte pour informer les familles sur la vaccination contre Ebola », explique Julien, mobilisateur social impliqué dans la lutte contre la maladie à virus Ebola à l’est de la République Démocratique du Congo (RDC).
By Sara Staedicke
Despite the major focus by media and publics on a handful of refugee crises around the world—the Syrian, Afghan, and Venezuelan ones among them, and recently Yemen—displacement situations worsened during 2018 in a number of countries that received much less attention, and perhaps as a result less in the way of humanitarian aid.
In 2018, the crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) drastically worsened, spreading to previously unaffected areas and impacting the Great Lakes region. The ongoing conflicts across much of eastern and central DRC continue to cause significant displacement, damage to property and tragic loss of human life.
KINSHASA, DAKAR, NEW YORK, GENEVA, 11 December 2018 – Children now account for more than one third of the Ebola cases in affected regions of the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), UNICEF said today. The UN children’s agency also reported that one in ten Ebola cases is under five-years-old, while children who contract the Ebola virus are at higher risk of dying from the disease than adults.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 57 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
- Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Lassa fever in Nigeria
- Measles in Mauritius
Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan.
KINSHASA/DAKAR/NEW YORK/GENEVE, 11 décembre 2018 – Les enfants représentent plus d’un tiers des cas d’Ebola dans les régions touchées par l’épidémie dans l’est de la République Démocratique du Congo (RDC), a annoncé aujourd’hui l’UNICEF. Le Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’Enfance a également signalé qu’un cas d’Ebola sur dix avait moins de cinq ans, tandis que le taux de mortalité auprès des enfants qui contractent le virus Ebola est plus élevé qu’auprès des adultes.
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
Juba 8 December, 2018 – The Ministry of Health of the Republic of South Sudan with support from the World Health Organization (WHO), DFID, GAVI vaccine alliance and other partners, is set to vaccinate targeted healthcare and frontline workers operating in high risk states bordering the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) against Ebola virus disease (EVD) as part of national preparedness efforts.
The Contingency Fund for Emergencies (CFE) has been a gamechanger for WHO. It allows WHO to respond rapidly to disease outbreaks and health emergencies - often in 24 hours or less. This saves lives and helps prevent unnecessary suffering. Furthermore, a quick response dramatically reduces the costs of controlling outbreaks and emergencies, as well as the wider social and economic impacts.