DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - Aug 2018Ongoing
The Government of [DR Congo (DRC)] announced on 1 Aug 2018 that preliminary laboratory results indicate a cluster of cases of Ebola virus in North Kivu province. The announcement was issued little more than a week after the Ministry of Health declared the end of an outbreak in Equateur Province in the far western part of the country, some 2500 km from North Kivu. (WHO, 1 Aug 2018)
The Ministry of Public Health of [DRC] today [8 August] announced the launch of Ebola vaccinations for high risk populations in North Kivu province. The vaccinations have begun just one week after the announcement of a second outbreak of Ebola this year in the country. A total of 44 cases have been reported so far, of which 17 have been confirmed. (WHO, 8 Aug 2018)
The 1 September 2018 marks one month since the declaration of the [EVD] outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces...As of 2 September 2018, a total of 122 confirmed and probable EVD cases, including 82 deaths, have been reported. Of the 122 cases, 91 are confirmed and 31 are probable...The epicentre of the outbreak remains Mabalako Health Zone in North Kivu Province, reporting 70% (86/122) of all cases and 76% (62/82) deaths, including 65 confirmed and 21 probable cases...Additionally, four other health zones in North Kivu Province and one in Ituri Province have reported confirmed and probable cases...Of concern is an apparent increase in transmission in Beni Health Zone, where the number of confirmed and probable cases has increased from eight on 23 August 2018 to 19 cases on 2 September 2018. (WHO, 4 Sep 2018)
While substantial progress has been made to limit the spread of the disease to new areas and the situation in Mangina (Mabalako Health Zone) is stabilizing, the cities of Beni and Butembo have become the new hotspot...As of 18 September 2018, a total of 142 EVD cases (111 confirmed and 31 probable), including 97 deaths (66 confirmed and 31 probable) have been reported in seven health zones in North Kivu Province (Beni, Butembo, Kalunguta, Mabalako, Masereka, Musienene and Oicha), and Mandima Health Zone in Ituri Province. (WHO, 20 Sep 2018)
[EVD] outbreak in [DRC] is becoming increasingly undermined by security challenges in at-risk areas, particularly Beni...Since the last Disease Outbreak News (data as of 9 October), 29 new confirmed EVD cases were reported: 23 from Beni, four from Butembo, one from Mabalako, and one from Masereka Health Zones in North Kivu Province. (WHO, 11 Oct 2018)
The meeting of the Emergency Committee convened by the WHO Director-General under the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005) regarding the [EVD] outbreak in [DRC] took place on...17 October 2018...It was the view of the Committee that a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) should not be declared at this time. But the Committee remains deeply concerned by the outbreak and emphasized that response activities need to be intensified and ongoing vigilance is critical. The Committee also noted the very complex security situation. (WHO, 17 Oct 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
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Thus far, 2018 has been historic in many ways. Eritrea and Ethiopia signed a landmark declaration of peace and friendship on 9 July, casting aside decades of hostility in a matter of weeks. The announcement of the end to the state of war was met by widespread jubilation in both countries, and was matched by concrete acts of rapprochement, which included reopening telephone and air links as well as the Eritrean embassy in Ethiopia.
By Taddeo Bwambale
Health officials have stepped up surveillance against the deadly disease which has claimed over 100 people in neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
A health surveillance team has been deployed at Uganda’s border points with Congo since the outbreak started about two months ago. Uganda has had no Ebola outbreak since 2012.
Dr Henry Mwebesa, the director general of health services said the health taskforce had so far screened 220 suspected cases of Ebola but none has tested positive for Ebola.
Gbudue State of South Sudan consists of Yambio and Nzara counties. The State shares border with Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Central Africa Republic with links to DRC through trade and returnees from DRC who constitute a risk for EVD importation. Although the security situation in the state is reportedly improving, intensifying preparedness activities is vital including state level advocacy to the lower level such as chiefs, community and religious leaders.
Health officials in the region are working to quell the outbreak.
By Andrew Schroeder
The current Ebola virus outbreak in the North Kivu area of eastern Democratic Republic of Congo is already the second worst in that country’s history. As of the October 16 update from the Congolese Ministry of Health, 216 cases of Ebola virus have been recorded in the area and 139 people have died from the disease.
Au titre du Règlement sanitaire international (RSI (2005)), le Directeur général de l’OMS a réuni le Comité d’urgence à propos de la flambée de maladie à virus Ebola (MVE) en République démocratique du Congo. La réunion s’est tenue le mercredi 17 octobre 2018 de 13 heures à 17 heures (heure de Genève).
Authorities close IDP sites in Kalemie
Insecurity leads to acute food insecurity and malnutrition in conflict-affected areas of DRC
GoDRC MoH records nearly 160 confirmed and probable EVD cases in Ituri and North Kivu
The meeting of the Emergency Committee convened by the WHO Director-General under the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005) regarding the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo took place on Wednesday, 17 October 2018, from 13:00 to 17:00 Geneva time (CET).
Kinshasa/Nairobi/Geneva, 17 October 2018 – Conflict and insecurity are hampering Ebola responders’ work, raising fear that the outbreak may reach a tipping point that sees the virus to spread to more provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo) and neighbouring countries, warns the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.
In response to this, as well as a recent upsurge of Ebola cases in DR Congo, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is scaling-up community-level preparedness in four countries.
Dès le lendemain de la déclaration de l’épidémie mortelle à virus Ebola au Nord-Kivu, à l’est de la République démocratique du Congo, le premier août dernier, la Mission des Nations Unies dans le pays s’est activée pour appuyer la riposte du gouvernement congolais.
World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, has called an Emergency Committee meeting on the Ebola virus outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), which has already claimed around 130 lives.
The WHO has assessed the national and regional risk of the current Ebola outbreak in DRC as “very high,” although the global risk remains low and, so far, the UN’s health watchdog has not called for any trade or travel restrictions to be imposed.
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Aid workers trying to contain spread of deadly disease face difficulties within communities
Aid workers on the frontline of the Ebola crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are being met with significant suspicion in many communities in North Kivu - contributing to the 33 new confirmed cases of the disease last week, the worst on record since this most recent outbreak began in August.
-The Uganda Ministry of Health and partners have intensified preparedness and response interventions following a confirmed case of Ebola Virus Disease in Tchomia health zone, near Lake Albert where the Democratic Republic of the Congo borders with Uganda.
Over 2,200 reports and questions on Ebola were received via SMS from U-Reporters. Most U-Reporters confirmed that they had heard about Ebola through radio, television, community awareness campaigns and posters.
BENI (Province du NORD KIVU), 15 OCTOBRE 2018. L'Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) a remis quatre ambulances au Ministère de la Santé en vue de soutenir la coordination provinciale de la lutte contre la maladie à virus Ebola dans le Nord Kivu. ‘‘Ces ambulances doivent servir aux équipes de riposte pour transporter les malades de la communauté vers le centre de traitement Ebola. Cette contribution permettra de réduire de façon significative le délai de réponse de nos équipes lorsqu’une alerte est donnée.
Le Directeur général de l’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS), Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, a convoqué un Comité d’urgence du Règlement sanitaire international concernant la flambée de maladie à virus Ebola au Nord-Est de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC).
Le Comité se réunira ce mercredi 17 octobre à Genève pour déterminer si cette flambée constitue une urgence de santé publique de portée internationale et quelles recommandations devraient être formulées pour gérer cette épidémie.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 58 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
South Sudan with support from WHO and partners has heightened the preparedness capacities in response to the raised EVD risk assessment from high to very high.
The WHO Representative to South Sudan, Dr Olushayo Olu led a team to Yei River state to reinforce the WHO’s commitment to establishing an ETU in Yei River state and also opened a WHO field office to coordinate the EVD preparedness activities.
- Plus de 100 000 personnes déplacées et retournées bénéficient d’une assistance alimentaire en Ituri en octobre.
Aperçu de la situation