DR Congo: Polio Outbreak - Feb 2018Alert
On 13 February 2018, the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) declared the ongoing outbreak of circulating vaccine- derived poliovirus in the country a national public health emergency. A total of 21 children presenting with typical acute accid paralysis (AFP) tested positive for vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cPVDV2) at the Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale (INRB) in Kinshasa and the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD), South Africa. The outbreak has been ongoing since February 2017 and the date of onset of paralysis in the last case was 3 December 2017. Three provinces have been affected, namely Haut-Lomami (8 cases), Maniema (2 cases) and Tanganyika (11 cases). The confirmed cases are distributed across seven health zones in the three provinces Haut-Lomami [Mukanga (3 cases), Butumba (2 cases), Lwamba (2 cases) and Malemba Nkulu (1 case)], Maniema Province [Kunda (2 cases)] and Tanganyika Province [Ankoro (7 cases) and Manono (4 cases).
The Democratic Republic of the Congo has not reported wild poliovirus in the last seven years. The country reported the last case of wild polio virus on 20 December 2011, when a single case was confirmed in the Lusangl Health Zone in Maniema Province. (WHO, 16 Feb 2018)
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Polio this week as of 13 March 2018 New on www.polioeradication.org: For International Women’s Day, we highlighted the critical role that women play in global polio eradication efforts. Dr Adele Daleke Lisi Aluma works to reach children who have never been vaccinated, whilst in Somalia, women are the face of polio eradication. In Nigeria, dedicated female mobilizers are ending polio, one home at a time.
We also launched the Gender and Polio section of our website.
The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 50 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
- Listeriosis in South Africa
- Rift Valley fever in South Sudan
- Lassa fever in Nigeria
- Cholera in Uganda
- Humanitarian crisis in Democratic Republic of the Congo
For each of these events, a brief description followed by public health measures implemented and an interpretation of the situation is provided.
• Conflict continues to displace populations within DRC and to neighboring countries
• UN requests nearly $1.7 billion to meet humanitarian needs in DRC during 2018
• Cholera and polio type 2 remain critical health concerns
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 48 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
New on http://polioeradication.org/: Reaching all children in the Lake Chad basin.
23 February marked 64 years since the first large-scale trial of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). Developed by Joseph Salk, IPV was found to be safe and effective, and is now part of routine vaccination programmes worldwide. Each year, it confers lifelong protection against polio to millions of young children.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 52 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
L’ARRIVÉE DES ÉLEVEURS PROVOQUE LE DÉPLACEMENT DES COMMUNAUTÉS
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
HERDERS’ MIGRATION SPARK TENSION, DISPLACEMENT
Around 350 people in the northern Ouham prefecture have fled their villages to the nearby Batangafo town after the arrival of pastoralists sparked fear and tension. Villagers are reportedly unable to go to their farms into which the migratory herders have driven their cattle. Other villagers have been emptied due to the herders’ presence. Clashes between herders and farmers are common in the country, resulting in displacements, injuries and deaths.
UNICEF RELEASES WORRYING REPORT ON INFANT MORTALITY
96,000 children die each year within their first month of birth in the Democratic Republic of Congo, according to a new report released by the United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF). This figure places DR Congo among the four countries most affected by neonatal deaths in the world. The situation is aggravated by conflicts and crises that prevent pregnant women from receiving adequate health care during pregnancy or after giving birth.
NORTH KIVU: TWO HUMANITARIAN WORKERS KILLED
Arrivée le 9 février à Kinshasa, la nouvelle Représentante spéciale du Secrétaire général des Nations Unies, Mme Leila Zerrougui, poursuit ses consultations avec les autorités congolaises, la communauté diplomatique et les représentants de la société civile ainsi qu’avec le personnel de la MONUSCO et des fonds, agences et programmes des Nations Unies. Elle a aussi visité plusieurs sites de la MONUSCO où sont stationnés les troupes et les policiers de la Mission.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 51 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
Dans un communiqué de presse publié le 13 février 2018, le Ministre de la Santé Publique, le Dr Oly Ilunga Kalenga précise qu’il ne s’agit pas de cas de poliovirus sauvage (PVS) qui, pour rappel, n’a plus été notifié en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) depuis plus de 6 ans. Pour l’épidémie en cours, le Haut-Lomami (8 cas) et le Tanganyika (11 cas) sont parmi les provinces les plus touchées, et dont les indicateurs de la surveillance et de la couverture vaccinale sont demeurés faibles par rapport aux moyennes nationales.
New on http://polioeradication.org/: Sudan’s surveillance system under the microscope, and a new addition to our ‘Reaching the Hard-to-Reach’ series, on AFP surveillance in challenging areas of Afghanistan, Syria and Nigeria.
The 16th International Health Regulations Emergency Committee regarding the international spread of poliovirus recommended that the temporary recommendations to prevent virus spread be extended for a further period of three months.